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April 21. If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page. Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified? Read pg. 289 – 291

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april 21
April 21
  • If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page.
  • Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified?
  • Read pg. 289 – 291
  • Fill in Note Sheet (front side)
  • Video
april 22
April 22
  • If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page.
  • Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified?
  • Read pg. 292-295. Take notes from the text on the actions of Alexander
  • Watch video on Alexander the Great and take notes
april 23
April 23
  • If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page.
  • Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified?
  • Examine ancient sources to find more information about Alexander the Great.

GROUP 1 

april 24
April 24
  • If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page.
  • Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified?
  • Complete the Atlas activity examining Alexander the Great.

GROUP 1 

april 25
April 25
  • If you were absent 4/13-4/21, you need to get a Ch 29 note sheet from your teacher and fill out to prepare for our unit test. You may sign out a book at the end of the day or read the chapter online on my home page. Due 4/28.
  • Was Alexander’s title “the Great” justified?
  • Get out all note sheets on Alexander the great and a sheet of notebook paper.
  • Write your name, period and date on the top of the paper.
  • Staple your essay, the organizer, and rubric together and turn in at the period basket.
  • Work on your yellow packet. (pages 1-8 – pages 3-8 must have a page number showing where you found each answer)
  • CRES DBQ on Thursday, 5/1
  • Greece Unit Test 5/2 (This will not be open note) Study your packet!
ch 30 alexander the great and his empire
Ch 30 Alexander the Great and His Empire
  • Introduction
  • The Peloponnesian War and the Rise of Macedonia
  • Philip Unites Greece
  • Alexander Creates an Empire
  • Alexander's Plan to Unite His Empire
  • How Alexander Spread Greek Ideas
  • How Alexander Used Religion
  • How Alexander Adopted the Ways of Conquered Cultures
  • The Empire Crumbles
  • Summary
introduction
Introduction
  • Peloponnesian War
    • Sparta declares war on Athens in 431 BCE
    • Lasted 27 years
    • Sparta won
  • Macedonian Control over Greece
    • Philip II
      • Constant war between city-states left Greeks divided and weak
      • Brought Greece under his control
    • Alexander the Great
      • Son of Philip II
      • Extended Macedonian rule
the peloponnesian war and the rise of macedonia
The Peloponnesian War and the Rise of Macedonia
  • 431 BCE to 404 BCE
  • City-states became allies of Athens or Sparta
    • Sparta won
    • Sparta later defeated by Thebes
  • Macedonia
    • Started as a collection of scattered tribes
    • Philip II united the tribes and took the throne
      • Created a well-trained army
      • Philip II looked to the south to expand his control
philip unites greece
Philip Unites Greece
  • By 338 BCE King Philipp conquered most of mainland Greece
  • Allowed the Greek city-states to keep many of their freedoms
  • 336 BCE King Philip was murdered
  • Alexander inherits the throne
alexander creates an empire
Alexander Creates an Empire
  • Became king at age 20
  • Studied under Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher
    • Taught to appreciate Greek culture
  • Put down a rebellion by some of the Greek city-states
  • Wanted to carry out his father's plan to invade Persia
    • Solidify Macedonians and Greeks with a common enemy
    • Victory would add to Alexander's wealth
  • 334 BCE Alexander invaded Asia Minor
  • Used terror and kindness to conquer
    • Towns and cities that resisted
      • Burned to the ground
      • People sold into slavery
    • Towns and cities that surrendered
      • Keep their government officials
      • Rebuild damaged property
alexander s plan to unite his empire
Alexander's Plan to Unite His Empire
  • Extended rule
    • Asia Minor
    • Egypt
    • central Asia
    • western India
  • Goals
    • Wanted to be accepted as ruler
    • Wanted to spread Greek culture
    • Did not want to destroy every local custom
    • Wanted to unite all people under a single government
  • Plan
    • Spread Greek culture and ideas
    • Use religion to inspire loyalty
    • show respect for the cultures he conquered and adopt some of their cutoms
how alexander spread greek ideas
How Alexander Spread Greek Ideas
  • Built Greek-style cities
    • Established in different parts of the empire
    • They had marketplaces, temples, and theaters
    • Greek settlers flocked to cities
    • Local soldiers and government officials were to speak only Greek
  • Alexandria
    • Located in Egypt
    • Became a center of trade and learning
    • Description
      • Marketplace
      • University
      • gymnasium
      • Boasted law courts and a library
        • Library contained more than half a million books
      • Temple dedicated to Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea
      • Designed with wide major streets crossed by narrower streets
      • Theater
how alexander used religion
How Alexander Used Religion
  • Honored Egyptian and Persian gods
    • Treated equal to Greek gods
    • Visited oracle sites, made sacrifices and built temples in their honor
  • Encouraged the idea that he was a god
    • Priest of Ammon welcomed Alexander as "God's son"
    • Began wearing a crown of two rams' horns
      • Crown was a sacred headdress of Ammon
      • Egyptians encouraged to accept him as a god
    • Required Greeks to accept him as the son of Zeus
how alexander adopted the ways of conquered cultures
How Alexander Adopted the Ways of Conquered Cultures
  • Adopted the Persian system of government
    • Persian governors allowed to run day-to-day business
    • Appointed Macedonians to head the army
    • Alexander's people controlled the taxes that were collected
  • Borrowed Persian customs
    • Began wearing Persian-style clothes
    • Received official visitors in a luxurious tent like a Persian king
      • Tent support by 30 foot columns
      • Columns covered in gold and silver
      • Columns decorated with precious stones
  • Visitors had to greet him Persian-style
    • Visitors had to kneel in front of the throne bending until head touched the ground
    • Alexander would raise visitor, kiss them, call them "Kinsman"
  • Encouraged marriage between Macedonians and Persians
    • Married the eldest daughter of Darius
the empire crumbles
The Empire Crumbles
  • 324 BCE Alexander's army refuses to continue fighting
    • In northern India
    • Soldiers exhausted
    • Alexander returned to Babylon
  • Alexander dies
    • Caught swamp fever
    • Died at age 33
  • Alexander's realm divided into three kingdoms
    • Egypt
    • Asia
    • Macedonia and Greece
summary
Summary
  • Alexander the Great created a vast empire
  • Empire died but the Greek ideas lived on