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Chapter 26. The Civil Right Era (1945 - 1975). Beginnings of the Movement. Separate but Unequal North v. South Self Segregation v. Jim Crow Plessy v. Ferguson NAACP : Jane Addams and W.E.B Du Bois National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Thurgood Marshall: integration.

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chapter 26

Chapter 26

The Civil Right Era

(1945 - 1975)

beginnings of the movement
Beginnings of the Movement
  • Separate but Unequal
    • North v. South
    • Self Segregation v. Jim Crow
    • Plessy v. Ferguson
    • NAACP : Jane Addams and W.E.B Du Bois
    • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
    • Thurgood Marshall: integration
broken barriers
Broken Barriers
  • Baseball
    • Jackie Robinson
  • Military
    • Truman for Civil Rights
    • Only has control over military
educational segregation
Educational Segregation
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
  • Trouble in Little Rock
    • Blacks v. Governor and National Guard
    • Ike sends in Army
montgomery bus boycott
Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • Rosa Parks
  • Women’s Political Council of Montgomery
  • Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Arrest of Leaders
  • 381 total days: Supreme Court Rules
expanding government role
Expanding Government Role
  • Earl Warren Presiding
    • Individual rights
    • Judicial Activism: Approaching the Constitution with flexibility and fairness to all
kennedy
Kennedy
  • Election of 1960
  • Assassinated before he could pass his civil rights legislation
  • Most known for his impact on the space program
slide9
LBJ
  • Sworn in and then elected
  • Background
    • Poor family in Texas
    • Taught at Mexican American school
    • Elected to Congress in 1937
    • Elected to Senate in 1948
    • VP in 1961
legislation
Legislation
  • Pushed through by LBJ
    • Civil Rights
    • “Great Society”
    • Economic Opportunity Act: attacked Poverty
    • Head Start
    • Welfare: a system in which government agencies make cash payment to the poor
    • Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
legislation cont
Legislation cont.
  • Medicare/Medicaid
continuing civil rights
Continuing Civil Rights
  • Civil disobedience: the peaceful refusal to obey unjust laws
  • King’s inspiration:
    • Christian teachings
    • Mohandas Gandhi
    • A. Philip Randolph
  • SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference)
  • Voting Rights Act
movement split
Movement Split
  • Malcom X
    • Slave name
    • Islamic “Black Islam”
    • Complete separation
    • 1965 Shot
black power movement
Black Power Movement
  • Stokely Carmichael
    • Start own business
  • Violent Protest
    • Ghettos: poor run-down neighborhoods
      • Watts : 1000 killed/injured
        • Looted stores, burned cars
  • Presidential commission:
    • “Our nation is moving toward two societies, one black, one white—separate and unequal”
loss of a leader
Loss of a Leader
  • King is Killed
    • Shot on April 4 by a white segregationist
civil rights era results
Civil Rights Era Results
  • African Americans begin to take political positions
  • Affirmative Action: businesses and schools were encouraged to give preference to members of groups that had been discriminated against in the past
other civil rights
Other Civil Rights
  • Women’s Rights Movement
    • Betty Friedan – The Feminine Mystique
      • Founded National Organization for Women
    • Equal Rights Amendment (1972)
      • Requires 38 states to pass
    • Notable Gains
      • 1963-Equal Pay Act
      • Civil Rights Acts included sex discrimination
      • Political Activism
civil rights for mexican americans
Civil Rights for Mexican Americans
  • Closed out of schools, jobs, housing
  • 1948 American GI Forum
    • Hernandez v. Texas
  • Cesar Chavez: United Farm Workers
    • Boycott on grapes
    • 1975: Voting Rights Act in 1975 requires bilingual elections