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CBRN THREAT BRIEF. Prepared by:. ADMINISTRATIVE. Safety Requirements: None Risk Assessment: Low Environmental Considerations: No major environmental impact, training entirely of a classroom nature with no major impact on the environment, equipment, or personnel. Evaluation: None.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

CBRN THREAT BRIEF

Prepared by:

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administrative
ADMINISTRATIVE
  • Safety Requirements: None
  • Risk Assessment: Low
  • Environmental Considerations: No major environmental impact, training entirely of a classroom nature with no major impact on the environment, equipment, or personnel.
  • Evaluation: None

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terminal learning objective
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE

Action: Identify the current threat environment and situations that U.S. Troops face today.

Conditions: Given an instructor led discussion in a classroom environment.

Standards: Identified the current threat

Environment and situations that U.S. Troops face today to include;

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terminal learning objective1
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE
  • Identified locations of possible deployments or conflicts with enemies of the United States.
  • Identified possible enemies with NBC capabilities
  • Identified the different types of Chemical and Biological Agents

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terminal learning objective2
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE
  • Identified Protective measures
  • Supervise unit for Nuclear attack
  • Supervise unit for Biological attack
  • Supervise unit for Chemical attack

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russia
Russia
  • Formerly the Soviet Union and head of the WARSAW PACT
  • Sold weapons during the “cold war” to nations now having ties to terrorists
  • Conditions so bad WMD’s found missing or for sale by soldiers on the black market

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slide9

The Spread of

Chemical Weapons

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the results
The Results

2000+ Nukes, Advanced Chemical

Program Claims Limited Bio Program

Possible 2-10 Nukes, Claims 200,

5000 Tons of Nerve, Blister, and Blood agents, Limited Bio Program, anthrax, plague, or yellow fever.

Small Nuke power program, no known weapons, Limited Bio program,

small chemical stockpile from Iran-Iraqi war

China

North Korea

Iran

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the results1
The Results

Syria

Sudan

Russia

No Nuke program

Limited Bio Program

Chemical arsenal includes VX gas and Sarin

Dumping ground for other countries, No Nukes or Bio.

Limited Chemical Program

Large modern Nuke program, Surviving Bio program Continues, Worlds largest stockpile of Chemical Weapons

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summary check on learning
Summary/Check on Learning

What was the major incident that propagated the spread of WMD?

What are some countries that pose a major concern that posses WMD?

The ending of the cold war and breakup of the Soviet Union

China, North Korea, Iran, Syria, Russia, Sudan

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chemical vs biological
Chemical VS Biological

Chemical agents are typically manmade through the use of industrial chemical processes.

Biological agents are either replicating agents (bacteria or viruses) or non replicating materials (toxins) that can be produced by living organisms.

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slide15

CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS

BLOOD

HYDROGEN CYANIDE

CHOKING

CLORINE, PHOSGENE

BLISTER

MUSTARD, LEWISITE

NERVE

NEW AGENTS

SARIN, VX

NOVICHOK

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chemical warfare agents
CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS

Advantages

  • Easy to produce with dual use technology
  • Simple “homemade” agents available to terrorists, i.e. Sarin
  • Easy to use on multiple targets and different delivery systems.

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slide17

BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AGENTS

BACTERIA

TOXINS

Anthrax

Tularemia

Botulinum

Plague

Saxitoxin

Q-Fever

Mycotoxin

VIRUSES

SEB

VEE fever

Snake,

spider,

etc.

Yellow fever

Smallpox

Hemorrhagic

fever viruses

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slide18

Biological Warfare Agents

  • Advantages:
  • No reliable detection devices available
  • No recognizable signals to human exposure
  • Can specifically target personnel, crops, livestock or specific kinds of material.
  • Disadvantages:
  • Ultimate consequences uncertain
  • Potential for international outrage

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slide19

Nonlethal Agents

Riot Control Agents: Tear Gas Agents: CS, CN

Vomiting Agents: Adamsite, Diphenyl Chloroarsine

Incapacitants: Psychochemicals: LSD, BZ

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delivery means
Delivery Means
  • NBC Delivery Systems:
  •   (1). Missiles
  •   (2). Rockets
  •   (3). Bombs
  •   (4). Artillery
  •   (5). Mines
  •   (6). Remote piloted vehicles
  •   (7). Sprayers

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summary check on learning1
Summary/Check on Learning

What is the difference between chemical and biological agents?

What are some chemical warfare agents?

What are some delivery systems?

Chemical agents are manmade, biological agents can be produced by living organisms

Blood, Choking, Blister, Nerve

Missiles, Rockets, Bombs, Artillery, Mines, RPV’s, Sprayers

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conventional nbc targets
Conventional NBC Targets
  • Large numbers of Troops or military vehicles.
  • Bridges and highways.
  • Large fixed sites such as Airfields

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slide23

Non-Conventional NBC Targets

Targets Include:

  • Agriculture
  • Livestock
  • Water supplies

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summary check on learning2
Summary/Check on Learning

What are some conventional targets?

What are some non-conventional targets?

Troops, vehicles, bridges, highways

Agriculture, livestock, water supplies

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advise commander on nbc threat
ADVISE COMMANDER ON NBC THREAT
  • Estimate the unit's vulnerability to the NBC threat
  • Analyze the enemy's position and capabilities on the battlefield
  • Advise on the appropriate protective measures and MOPP level

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advise commander on nuclear threat
ADVISE COMMANDER ON NUCLEAR THREAT
  • First strike policy
  • Methods of employment and delivery
  • Targets of threat tactical nuclear strikes

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advise commander on biological threat
ADVISE COMMANDER ON BIOLOGICAL THREAT

Advise on the use of biological weapons:

The United States will not use biological agents under any circumstances

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advise commander on biological threat1
ADVISE COMMANDER ON BIOLOGICAL THREAT

Methods of employment and delivery:

Airdropped packets Rockets Artillery

Aircraft sprayers Saboteurs

Mines Infected insects and rodents

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advise commander on biological threat2
ADVISE COMMANDER ON BIOLOGICAL THREAT

Targets of threat biological weapons:

Food supplies

Water sources

Troop concentrations and convoys

Population centers

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advise commander on biological threat3
ADVISE COMMANDER ON BIOLOGICAL THREAT

Types of threat biological weapons:

Pathogens- Pathogens suitable for wartime use include bacteria. Viruses, rickettsia and fungi.

Toxins- Toxins suitable for wartime use include botulism, tetanus and diphtheria.

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advise commander on chemical threat
ADVISE COMMANDER ON CHEMICAL THREAT

Advise on the use of chemical weapons:

US Armed forces will not use lethal or incapacitating chemical agents.

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advise commander on chemical threat1
ADVISE COMMANDER ON CHEMICAL THREAT

Methods of employment and delivery:

Fixed-wing and rotary wing aircraft

Rockets

Surface-to-surface missiles

Artillery

Landmines

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advise commander on chemical threat2
ADVISE COMMANDER ON CHEMICAL THREAT

Targets of threat chemical attacks:

Enemy positions in the forward battle area

Enemy defenses and their flanks

Nuclear delivery systems

Headquarters

Airfields

Artillery position

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advise commander on chemical threat3
ADVISE COMMANDER ON CHEMICAL THREAT

Types of threat chemical agents:

Nerve

Choking

Blister

Blood

Incapacitating Agents

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advise commander on use of smoke
ADVISE COMMANDER ON USE OF SMOKE

Advise on the use of smoke:

Used to attack and defeat specific enemy targets, sensors, target acquisition systems, weapon guidance systems, and other electro-optical devices.

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advise commander on use of smoke1
ADVISE COMMANDER ON USE OF SMOKE

Means of employment and delivery:

Smoke Grenades

Smoke Pots

Smoke Generators

Projected Smoke

Vehicle engine exhaust smoke system (VEESS)

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advise commander on use of smoke2
ADVISE COMMANDER ON USE OF SMOKE

Smoke screens used by the threat:

Blinding Smoke

Camouflage Smoke

Protective Smoke

Decoy Smoke

Signaling

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advise commander on use of flame
ADVISE COMMANDER ON USE OF FLAME

Advise on the use of flame:

The use of weapons that employ fire, such as tracer ammunition, flamethrowers and other incendiary agents, against targets requiring their use is not a violation of international law.

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advise commander on use of flame1
ADVISE COMMANDER ON USE OF FLAME

Means of employment and delivery:

Rocket Launchers

Incendiary grenades

Flame Field Expedience

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advise commander on use of flame2
ADVISE COMMANDER ON USE OF FLAME

Types of flame weapons:

Rocket propelled napalm projectile

Man-packed rifle type light flamethrower

Cart-mounted heavy flamethrower

Tank-mounted flamethrower

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advise commander on threat nbc defense
ADVISE COMMANDER ON THREAT NBC DEFENSE
  • Reconnaissance assets
  • Protective equipment
  • Decontamination capabilities

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check on learning
CHECK ON LEARNING

What are the types of threat Biological

Weapons?

Pathogens and Toxins

What are the means of employment and delivery for the use of flame?

Rockets, Incendiary Grenades, Flame Field Expedients

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individual protection nuclear
INDIVIDUAL PROTECTION NUCLEAR

- Ensure personnel are in shelters.

- Ensure personnel cover all exposed skin.

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position nuclear
POSITION NUCLEAR

- Ensure terrain is used effectively.

- Ensure shelter provides the best protection.

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material nuclear
MATERIAL NUCLEAR

- Ensure supplies, equipment and vehicles are dispersed.

- Ensure existing cover provides protection and park vans opposite of prevailing winds.

- Keep flammable debris to a minimum.

- Ensure all food and water are sealed and covered.

- Disconnect all power cables.

- Store all electronics not in use.

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unit nuclear
UNIT NUCLEAR

- ENSURE OPERATORS OF NUCLEAR DETECTION EQUIPMENT PREPARE THE EQUIPMENT FOR USE.

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check on learning1
CHECK ON LEARNING

Prior to a suspected nuclear attack, what

steps would you complete to protect your

water and food supplies?

Ensure all food and water are sealed

tightly in containers and secured under

available covered.

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individual protection bio
INDIVIDUAL PROTECTION BIO

- Coordinate with medical personnel.

- Ensure personnel practice good hygiene and field sanitation.

- Ensure soldiers are in good physical condition.

- Button up and cover exposed skin.

- Check protective mask and individual equipment.

- Coordinate with supply personnel.

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position bio
POSITION BIO
  • Ensure terrain is used effectively.
  • Ensure the shelter provides the best protection.

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material bio
MATERIAL BIO

- Ensure all food and water are sealed and covered.

- Ensure equipment and supplies not used are covered.

- Ensure vans are parked opposite of prevailing winds.

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unit bio
UNIT BIO

- Ensure operators of biological sampling kits are ready and Chemical detectors are prepared for use.

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check on learning2
CHECK ON LEARNING

What type of shelter provides the best

protection from the effects of a Biological

agent attack?

Covered foxholes, Field expedient cover, buildings, tents and armored vehicles

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individual protection chemical
INDIVIDUAL PROTECTIONCHEMICAL

- Ensure soldiers are in good physical condition.

- Check protective equipment.

- Assume appropriate MOPP level.

- Ensure individuals seek overhead cover.

- Ensure antidotes and decontamination kits are available.

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position chem
POSITION CHEM

- Ensure terrain is used effectively.

- Ensure shelter provides the best protection.

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material chem
MATERIAL CHEM
  • Ensure all equipment, supplies and vehicles are dispersed.
  • Ensure vans are parked opposite of prevailing winds.

- Keep all food and water sealed and covered.

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unit chem
UNIT CHEM

- Ensure Chemical detection equipment is prepared for operation.

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check on learning3
CHECK ON LEARNING

What do you need to ensure for individual protection for a chemical attack?

Ensure soldiers are in good physical condition, check protective equipment for serviceability, assume appropriate MOPP level, seek overhead cover and ensure decon and antidote kits are available.

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summary
SUMMARY

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