ASIAN-AMERICANS • Physical appearance and origin • Distinct language and culture • Common experiences • Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Asian Indians…
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND • a) Introduction • b) Laws • c) Japanese Experience • d) Present Situation
ASIAN-AMERICAN LITERATURE • Definition • Aiiieeeee! (Shawn Wong) • The Big Aiiieeeee! (Frank Chin, Jeffrey Paul Chan et al )
ASIAN-AMERICAN LITERATURE : THEMES • General : • Protest and exile • Place and displacement • “In-betweenness” • Friendship and family • Racism and discrimination * Amy Tan – The Joy Luck Club
JAPANESE-AMERICAN LITERATURE • Issei : • 1880s : Lack of future in Japan. Migration to work to return home in glory. • Early 1900s : Lack of acceptance. America, the home of their children. • “Twoness” : Desire for assimilation.
JAPANESE-AMERICAN LITERATURE • Nisei : • ”Twoness” : Desire for assimilation. Conflicts of identity. • Relocation camps : Pearl Harbour. Internment years. Anti-Japanese Feelings.
JAPANESE-AMERICAN AUTHORS • John Okada – No-No Boy • Yoshiko Uchida – Journey to Topaz, Picture Bride, Samurai of Gold Hill
QUOTATIONS NO-NO BOY “I was not strong enough to fight you and I was not strong enough to fight the bitterness which made me half of me which was bigger than the half of me that I could not see of feel” “I wish with all my heart that I were Japanese or that I were American . I am neither and I blame you and I blame myself and I blame the world which is made up of many countries which fight with each other and kill and hate and destroy but not enough, so that they must destroy again and again and again. It is so easy and simple that I can not understand it at all.”