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Roaring ‘20s!!!!!. The Age of Normalcy The Age of the Flapper The Jazz Age. Reasons it happens. End of WWI leads to a new attitude (Eat drink and be merry, for tomorrow we die!) United States enters an economic boom due to total war (everyone NEEDS a car, washing machine, house, etc)

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roaring 20s

Roaring ‘20s!!!!!

The Age of Normalcy

The Age of the Flapper

The Jazz Age

reasons it happens
Reasons it happens
  • End of WWI leads to a new attitude (Eat drink and be merry, for tomorrow we die!)
  • United States enters an economic boom due to total war (everyone NEEDS a car, washing machine, house, etc)
  • Women get the vote (flappers!)
  • Great Migration brings JAZZ to the North!
  • The “noble experiment”: Prohibition!
  • America’s focus is now entertainment (talkies, radios, baseball) and fun!
prohibition
Prohibition
  • 18th Amendment
  • Most people ignore!
  • Speakeasies: secret bars that still served alcohol
  • Bootleggers: people who made alcohol illegally
  • Leads to an increase in organized crime. Mafia power grows and names like Al Capone become household words!
life in the 20s
Life in the ’20s
  • Focus on entertainment
  • Athletes become heroes (Babe Ruth, Shoeless Joe Jackson)
  • Radio and movies (Charlie Chaplin, Greta Garbo)
  • Entertainment is cheap and available to everyone
  • Transportation and communication have never been easier. People like Charles Lindberg and Amelia Earhart are famous
  • New inventions like Kleenex, Band Aids, Scotch Tape, Popsicle, Frigidaire are all designed to make people’s lives easier
  • Harlem Renaissance: rebirth or focus on African American culture. Introduces people like Marcus Garvey and Langston Hughes!
  • Huge splits between people living in rural and urban areas. Many people move to the suburbs.
flappers free women
Flappers“Free women”
  • Heavily rouged cheeks
  • Bobbed hair
  • Shorter hemlines
  • Cigarette holders
  • Interest in women’s rights: Margaret Sanger
attitudes of the 20s
Attitudes of the 20s
  • Nativism: anti immigration due to WWI
  • Modernism vs Fundamentalism (Scopes Monkey Trial)
  • Racism: rebirth of the Klan due to the film Birth of a Nation
first red scare
First Red Scare
  • America was afraid that Communism would spread to the United States
  • The US became overwhelmingly anti union and strikes.
  • Immigrants were often associated with communism
  • Sedition act: illegal to say profane things about US flag or government
  • Sacco and Vanzetti case
the lost generation
The Lost Generation
  • American writers who moved to France
  • Included people like Earnest Hemingway, Gertrude Stein, John Steinbeck and F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • Many of these authors were disillusioned with the world and American society and chose to depict life in a depressing way.
scopes monkey trial modernism vs fundamentalism
Scopes Monkey TrialModernism vs Fundamentalism
  • A young teacher in Tennessee taught the theory of evolution to his students.
  • He was put on trial for breaking the law and was defended by Clarence Darrow.
  • William Jennings Bryan defended the state.
  • Scopes lost and was fined $100.
how does life in the 20s lead to the great depression
How does life in the 20s lead to the Great Depression?
  • False prosperity
  • Buying on credit
  • Speculative investments
  • Laissez faire decisions by Republicans
  • Farm prices drop
  • Overproduction of goods
masculine women feminine men 1926
Masculine Women, Feminine Men, 1926

Assignment for today:

Write a 10 line Christmas carol that discusses one of the aspects of the Roaring 20s.

Choose from the list below or make up your own:

Modernism vs Fundamentalism

Liberated Women

New technology

Transportation and Communication GrowthScopes Monkey Trial

Red Scare

Sacco and Vanzetti

Rebirth of the Klan

Causes of the Depression

  • Masculine women, Feminine men
  • Which is the rooster, which is the hen?
  • It's hard to tell 'em apart today! And, say!
  • Sister is busy learning to shave,
  • Brother just loves his permanent wave,
  • It's hard to tell 'em apart today! Hey, hey!
  • Girls were girls and boys were boys when I was a tot,
  • Now we don't know who is who, or even what's what!
  • Knickers and trousers, baggy and wide,
  • Nobody knows who's walking inside,
  • Those masculine women and feminine men