THE INDIAN PENAL CODE - GENERAL PRINCIPLES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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THE INDIAN PENAL CODE - GENERAL PRINCIPLES

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  1. THE INDIAN PENAL CODE - GENERAL PRINCIPLES

  2. CRIMINAL LAW - MAIN PARTS • General part deals with principles and doctrines. This includes • the principles of criminal liability, • defences to criminal liability, • rules relating to punishments and • doctrines governing preliminary crimes • Special part deals with specific crimes. This includes • rules defining individual crimes and • prescribing punishments for them that apply the general principles and doctrines to particular crimes.

  3. INDIAN PENAL CODE • General Principles – Sections 1-120-B & 511 • Specific Offences – Sections 121-510

  4. ELEMENTS OF CRIME • Actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea There can be no crime without a guilty mind Two components of crime Actus reus – Guilty act Mens rea – Guilty mind

  5. MENS REA UNDER IPC • No mention made, but doctrine incorporated in two ways. • Mens rea included in the definition of the offence (through terms like ‘dishonestly’, ’fraudulently’, ’voluntarily’, ‘intentionally’, ‘knowingly’) • Concept included in the provisions relating to ‘general exceptions’ in Chapter IV. • When the definition does not include mensrea, it means that the liability is strict.

  6. THE INDIAN PENAL CODE • Object – To provide general penal code for India. • Came into force from 1.1.1862. • Applicable to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. • Operation of the provisions: • Territorial – Provisions applicable to offences committed within India. • Extra-territorial – Provisions applicable to a) offences committed by citizens of India outside India; b) offences committed on ships and aircrafts regd. in India

  7. General Explanations (Ss 6-52A) • Interpretation Clause giving definitions of various terms in the Code for the purpose of the Code. • Examples • ‘Dishonestly’ defined under Section 24 • ‘Counterfeit’ defined under Section 28 • ‘Injury’ defined under Section 44 • Good faith’ defined under Section 52

  8. Punishments (Ss 53-75) • Death • Imprisonment for Life • Imprisonment, rigorous or simple • Forfeiture of Property • Fine.

  9. Excusable Acts Mistake of fact Incapacity a) Infancy b) Insanity c) Intoxication Accident General Exceptions (Ss.76-106)

  10. Justifiable Acts • Judicial Acts • Necessity • Consent • Communication in good faith • Compulsion • Trifles • Private defence

  11. Abetment (Ss 107 – 120) • Instigating the commission of an offence • Engaging in conspiracy and doing any act towards committing an offence • Intentionally aiding in the commission of an offence

  12. Criminal Conspiracy (Ss 120A & 120B) • When more than one persons agree to do an illegal act or a legal act by illegal means, it is Criminal Conspiracy

  13. CLASSES OF OFFENCES • Offences against State – 121 to 130 • Waging war and sedition • Offences relating to Army, Navy and Air Force – 131 to 140 • Offences against public tranquility – 141 to 160 • Unlawful assembly, rioting • Offences by or relating to public servant – 166 to 171

  14. CLASSES OF OFFENCES • Offences relating to Elections – 171 A to 171 I • Contempt of lawful authority of public servants – 172 to 190 • Obstructing public servant in discharge of his duty, refusing to take oath, to answer questions or sign statements etc. • False evidence and offences against public justice – 191 to 229 • Giving or fabricating false evidence, destroying evidence, harboring offenders etc.

  15. CLASSES OF OFFENCES • Offences relating to coins and Government stamps – 230 to 263-A • Offences relating to weights and measures – 264 to 267 • Offences affecting public health, safety, convenience, decency and morals – 268 to 294-A • Various forms of Public nuisance

  16. CLASSES OF OFFENCES • Offences relating to religion – 295 to 298 • Offences affecting human body – 299 to 377 • Culpable homicide, murder, dowry death, hurt and grievous hurt, kidnapping and abduction, rape

  17. CLASSES OF OFFENCES • Offences against property – 378 to 462 Theft, extortion, robbery, dacoity, criminal misappropriation, criminal breach of trust, cheating, mischief and trespass • Offences relating to documents and property marks – 463 to 489-E Forgery • Criminal breach of contract of service – 490 to 492

  18. CLASSES OF OFFENCES • Offences relating to marriage – 493 to 498 • Adultery, bigamy • Cruelty by husband or relatives of husband – 498-A • Defamation – 499 to 502 • Criminal intimidation, insult and annoyance – 503 to 510

  19. ANY QUESTIONS ?

  20. Thank you