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Research: Foundational Skills and Inquiry. English I: Winter 2014. Research Assignment. Project Details. Goals: Foundational skills in research Inquiry project (similar to senior project—smaller scale) T opic of your choice P ose important questions—broad and narrow

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Project details
Project Details


Foundational skills in research

Inquiry project (similar to senior project—smaller scale)

Topic of your choice

Pose important questions—broad and narrow

Seek credible information


Present 2-4 min PowerPoint due Mon/Tues Feb 3-4

Homework for this unit is to work on project!

Possible project topics
Possible Project Topics

  • Military

  • Parenting

  • Privacy

  • Racism/ Bias

  • Social Justice

  • Steroids

  • Technology

  • Terrorism

  • Vaccines

  • Wages

Airport Security

Animal Rights



Child Soldiers

Drug Abuse





What is research
What is research?


diligent and systematic inquiry or investigation into a subject in order to discover or revise facts, theories, applications, etc.

Activating question

Activating Question

What do the words primaryand secondarymean? In what contexts have you encountered these words?

What vocabulary do i need to know
What vocabulary do I need to know?

  • Credibility

  • Evaluation of Sources

  • Sources

    • Primary

    • Secondary


Definition: The quality of being believable or worthy of trust

Evaluation of sources
Evaluation of Sources

With so much available information, students must decipher what is credible and useful for their purposes.

  • Where to look

  • What to look for

  • What to accept

Evaluation questions general
Evaluation Questions: General

Does the author have expertise to write on the topic?

Is the information in this source up-to-date?

Does the publisher affect the information?

What do reviewers say about the source?

Is the source appropriate for your research?

Evaluation questions internet
Evaluation Questions: Internet

  • Who is the owner of the site—the producer of the content? Does that owner have anything to gain from you using the site?

    • advertising links

    • potential purchase

  • Is the information consistent with book sources?

  • Is there a prejudice or bias that is readily apparent?

    • advocacy or hate group

  • Does the site have a professional, reputable appearance? (Note: Many websites are software now and not self-created, so they generally appear more professional; thus, this cannot be the only criteria for judgment.)

    • no flashy ads or pop ups

    • no malicious links


Source: Something that supplies information

Primary Source: a document/ physical object written/ created during the time under study…present during an experience or time period & offer inside view of event

Secondary Source: interprets and analyzes primary sources…one+ steps removed from event & may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them

Sources continued
Sources (continued)

Primary sources

Secondary sources

  • Artifacts (coins, fossils, furniture, tools, clothing, etc.)

  • Audio recordings

  • Diaries

  • Internet communications on email

  • Interviews

  • Journal articles w/ NEW research findings

  • Letters

  • Newspaper articles from the time

  • Original documents (birth certificate, will, etc.)

  • Photographs

  • Records

  • Speeches

  • Survey research

  • Art, literature, music

  • Bibliographies

  • Biographies

  • Commentaries/Criticisms

  • Dictionaries, Encyclopedias

  • Histories

  • Journal articles reviewing previous findings

  • Magazine/ newspaper articles digesting information after the fact

  • Textbooks

  • Website

Great places to find information
Great Places to Find Information

Library of Congress:

The National Archives:

Sweet Search:

Google Scholar:

Main parts of a book
Main Parts of a Book

Title Page —Title, author(s), edition, publishing company, place of publication

Table of Contents —chapters, subheadings, page numbers

Appendix —charts, documents, tables, illustrations, and/or photographs

Glossary —dictionary of words found in a book

Index —end of book—shows topics and page numbers

Bibliography —titles, authors, and publishing information for references/resources used to write book



Individually: Identify primary and secondary sources

As a small group: Evaluate the credibility of sources (use evaluation questions)

Directions part 1
Directions Part 1

Work individually to determine if sources on handout are primary or secondary (we will review as a class)

10 minutes

Directions part 2
Directions Part 2

  • In small groups of 2-3, identify as primary/secondary and evaluate the credibility of the source given to you on a scale of 1-5 (1= not credible; 5= very credible).

  • Be ready to defend your evaluation and explain how/when it might be useful.

    10 minutes

Wrap up thinking questions

Wrap-Up:Thinking Questions

Why is research important?

Why is distinguishing between primary and secondary sources helpful?

Selecting a topic

Selecting a Topic

What interests you? What are you curious about?

Possible project topics1
Possible Project Topics

  • Military

  • Parenting

  • Privacy

  • Racism/ Bias

  • Social Justice

  • Steroids

  • Technology

  • Terrorism

  • Vaccines

  • Wages

Airport Security

Animal Rights



Child Soldiers

Drug Abuse





Developing questions

Developing Questions

How can I create guiding questions and find credible/useful sources?

Essential questions
Essential Questions

Essential Questions (EQ): Broad (but specific enough for the scope of your project) question to be answered as a result of completing the project.

Guiding questions
Guiding Questions

Guiding Questions: More focused questions which help guide the path of your research—you will develop some before beginning the research, and then more as you research and find other unknowns

Project proposal
Project Proposal


  • Decide on Topic

  • Pose Essential Question

  • Share EQ with peer for feedback

  • Pose Guiding/ Follow-Up Questions

  • Get Ms. Sho to sign for approval

    Due Friday (A) or Tuesday (B) if not finished in class


1) Find sources listed below pertaining to your guiding questions

A) Find secondary source—dictionary or encyclopedia

B) Find secondary source—website

C) Find another source—journal, newspaper, or magazine article, letter, interview, or artifact (physical item or photograph)

2) Record information on CREDIBLE sources—don’t do source notecards until you are sure the source is credible/useful for your project

What are presentation skills
What are Presentation Skills?

Watch the following video clip, and jot down STRENGTHS and WEAKNESSES of the speaker’s presentation.

Presentation examples
Presentation Examples


    • Kepler NASA


    • Walking Meetings


    • The Puzzle of Motivation


Know the content—research completely

Organized outline

Practice/ Rehearsal of information



Brisk pace

Clear delivery

Formal word choice

Professional demeanor

Nonverbal gestures
Nonverbal Gestures

  • Use gestures/body language effectively

    • Poor mannerisms distract people

  • Smile, eye contact, straight/relaxed posture

  • Subtle gestures with hands/arms

Audience involvement
Audience Involvement

Ask questions as needed

Pause and check in with audience

Ask for volunteer help/modeling as appropriate

Visual aids
Visual Aids

Support but do not dominate your message

DON’T read from slides—slides should simply highlight key points/ images

KISS—Keep It Simple, Stupid

Mla citations

MLA Citations

In-Text and Works Cited

Link: OWL Purdue: MLA

In text citations
In-Text Citations

Internet (no author)

Internet (with author)

  • (First part of citation).

  • (Harris).

  • (“Military Branches”).

  • (Last Name).

  • (Smith).

  • (“Shortened Title”).

  • (“Effects of Diet”).


Digital image

  • (Author Page #).

  • (Wordsworth 63).

Works cited general info
Works Cited: General Info

Double space entries, but no extra spaces between entries

Provides a complete citation for works mentioned in in-text (parenthetical) citations in body of your work

Indent second (and third if needed) lines

Label it Works Cited—no quotes or bold

Alphabetize entries by first word listed

Works cited general web source
Works Cited: General Web Source

Entries for electronic sources include five types of information (as available):

(1) author name

(2) title of webpage

(3) name of site

(4) publisher (publication information)

(5) date of resource creation

(6) medium of publication (Web.)

(7) date of access

Entire website
Entire Website

Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available). Medium of publication. Date of access.

Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003. Web. 10 May 2006.

The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue U, 2008. Web. 23 Apr. 2008.

Works cited
Works Cited

Webpage (with author)

Epsicokhan, Jamahl. "Confessions of a Closet Trekkie." Jammer'sReviews.N.p., 20 Feb. 2004. Web. 15 Mar. 2010.

Webpage (no author)

"How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.

"New Media @ the Center." The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin- Madison. U of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center, 2009. Web. 11 Sept. 2009.

Internet: Picture

brandychloe. "Great Horned Owl Family." Photograph. Webshots. American Greetings, 22 May 2006. Web. 5 Nov. 2009.

Works cited continued
Works Cited (continued)

Personal Survey Results: Yourname. “Name of Survey.” Method (survey). Date of survey.

Schonhar, Megan. “Opinions on Military Involvement in War.” Survey. 19 Jan. 2014.

Online-only Published Interview: Interviewee. “Title” (or Description, as below). [Rest of web site info].

Zinkievich, Craig. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. Skewed & Reviewed.Skewed & Reviewed, 2009. Web. 15 Mar. 2009.

Personal Interview: Interviewee. Method. Date.

Purdue, Pete. Personal interview. 1 Dec. 2000.

Works cited continued1
Works Cited (continued)

  • Book: Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

    Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print.

    Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. Denver: MacMurray, 1999. Print.

  • Dictionary: “word.” Title of Source, Date Updated. Web. Date accessed.

    "hacker." Merriam-Webster, 2011.Web. 8 May 2011.

Other source news article
Other Source: News Article

Author Name. “Article Name.” Title of the Web Magazine. Publisher name, publication date. Medium of publication. Date of access.

Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web." A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites. A List Apart Mag., 16 Aug. 2002. Web. 4 May 2009.