Dutch Baroque. Dutch Baroque. DUTCH FREEDOM
The Dutch succeeded in securing their independence from the Spanish in the late sixteenth century. Not until 1648, however, after years of continual border skirmishes with the Spanish were the northern Netherlands officially recognized as the United Provinces of the Netherlands ( The Dutch Republic ).
Amsterdam had the highest per capita income in Europe. That city emerged as the financial center of Europe, having founded the Bank of Amsterdam in 1609.
Due to this prosperity and the absence of an absolute ruler, political power increasingly passed into the hands of an urban patrician class of merchants and manufacturers, especially in cities such as Amsterdam, Haarlem, and Delft. That these bustling cities were all located in Holland ( the largest of the seven United Provinces ) perhaps explains why the name “Holland” is used informally to refer to the entire country.
While Spain and the southern Netherlands were Catholic, the northern Netherlands were predominantly Protestant. The prevailing Calvinism demanded a puritanical rejection of art in churches, and thus artists produced relatively little religious art in the Dutch Republic at this time (especially when compared to areas dominated by Catholicism in the wake of the Counter- Reformation.)
Frans Hals, Banquet of the Officers ofthe St George Militia Company, 1616.
Frans Hals.Officers and Sergeants of the St Hadrian Civic Guard. c. 1633.
Frans Hals.The Governors Of The Old Mena Almhouse At Haarlem, 1664.
Buffoon (Jester) Playing A Lute
The Laughing Cavalier
The Laughing Child
The Jolly Toper(or The Merry Drinker)
Lute Player WithWine Glass
Portrait of Rene Descartres
Rembrandt van Rijn, Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632.
Not your typical group portrait…
The Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and of Lieutenant Willem van Ruytenburgh is more commonly known as Night Watch. This common title is , however, as misnomer- Night Watch is not a nocturnal scene.
Rembrandt van Rijn, The Syndics of the Clothmaker's Guild (The Staalmeesters) 1662.
A Boy and a Girl with a Cat and an Eel
Man Offering A Woman Money
Boy Playing a Flute
The Feast of St. Nicholas
Oil on canvas
Allegory of the Art of Painting
The Music Lesson
Young Woman with a Water Pitcher
The Guitar Player
Girl With a Pearl Earring
Still Life with Oysters, c. 1640s
Pieter Claesz,Still Life with a Skull and a Writing Quill, 1628.
Still Life with Tobacco, Wine and Pocket Watch , 1637.
Banquet Piece with Mince Pie, 1635 .
Jan van Goyen, View of Dordrecht from the Dordtse Kil, 1644
Jakob Van Ruisdael,Benthein Castle, 1653.
Salomon van Ruisdael,View of Deventer Seen from the North-West, 1657.
Jan Vermeer,View of Delft, c1661.
Jakob Ruisdael,Landscape With Church and Village, 1665-70.
Jacob van Ruisdael, Windmill at Wijk-bij-Duurst-ede, c1665.