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Advancing Ecosystem-Based Management of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction. Dr. Biliana Cicin-Sain. Purpose. 1. Provide a brief overview of past and future work on areas beyond national jurisdiction of the Global Oceans Forum
Dr. Biliana Cicin-Sain
1. Provide a brief overview of past and future work on areas beyond national jurisdiction of the Global Oceans Forum
2. Consider opportunities to move ABNJ issues forward during the International Year of Biodiversity
--e.g., LOS, from 1967 to 1994 (27 years), negotiations over 9 years (1973-1982)
Workshop on Ecosystems and Uses and conference panels at the 4th Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts, and Islands, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 3 to 11, 2008 (hosted by Govt. of Vietnam)
Workshop on Policy Issues and Management Alternatives, Singapore, November 12-14, 2008Three Multistakeholder Policy Dialogues
“......UNCLOS is a finely balanced package deal. The Treaty took 10 years to negotiate during which delicate compromises were arrived at. Countries made concessions in one area in return for gains elsewhere. The provisions of the Convention carefully struck the right balance between the economic interests of those who wished to exploit the living and non-living resources and those who wanted to preserve the marine environment. It may be unwise to unravel such a finely balanced package deal to seek specific provisions for particular issues like marine genetic resources in ABNJ. The principle of carefully balancing the interests of all negotiating parties was the basis for the successful conclusion of UNCLOS. It is important to reserve this balance by working within the existing UNCLOS legal framework even as new issues emerge. It is a matter of understanding the principles and correctly interpreting the provisions in the context of the overall agreement.”
Enunciation and application of governing principles
2. Capacity for area-based mapping, assessment, planning, ultimately decision-making
3. Institutional capacity (and authority) for addressing interactions among uses and their effects on biodiversity and the environment
4. Enforcement capacity
5. Funding considerations
Established principles of modern ocean governance (Freestone) (Nice workshop)
--Conditional freedom of activity on high seas
--Protect and preserve the marine environment
--Transparent, science-driven approach to sustainability
Progress: Adoption of principles at IUCN Congress, Barcelona, October 2008
Progress:Options being evaluated according to particular criteria (Singapore Workshop)
Meets important ocean stewardship objectives
Protects the ecological function of oceans, including oceans/climate functioning
Protects marine biodiversity
--Developmental and managerial
Promotes sustainable development
Addresses conflicts and problems among ocean uses
Provides a capacity for area-based assessment, planning, and decision- making
Incorporates equity among nations and between current and future generations
Incorporates science-based decision-making
Is consistent with existing international law and policy
Incorporates public transparency and accountability
Is feasible - politically, financially, administratively
Practical demonstration of what approaches may work
How existing sectoral processes could be coordinated and enhanced to achieve cross-sectoral management
Identify regional cases of special significance which might incorporate areas of national jurisdiction, LMEs, areas of high seas where regional experimentation might take place
United Nations Ad Hoc Open-Ended Informal Working Group to study issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity beyond areas of national jurisdiction, February 1-5, 2010, New-York, USA
Fifth Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts and Islands: Ensuring Survival, Preserving Life, Improving Governance Oceans, Climate, Biodiversity: From Copenhagen 2009 to Nagoya 2010, May 3-7, 2010, UNESCO, Paris, France
4th International Meeting Acting Together for the Future of the Blue Planet from May 9-12, 2010 at NAUSICAA in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France
Fourteenth Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA-14), 10 – 21 May 2010, Nairobi, Kenya
International Biodiversity Day, May 22, 2010
World Ocean Day, June 8, 2010
G8 Summit, June 25-27, 2010, Huntsville, Muskoka, Canada
Special Session of the UN General Assembly, September 20, 2010, New-York
Tenth meeting on the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP10), October 18-29, 2010, Nagoya, Japan
22nd APEC Ministerial Meeting, November 10-11, 2010, Yokohama, Japan
Negotiations related to the establishment of an IPBES have almost been concluded, and the Platform is expected to be established formally in June 2010.
The Platform is expected to embed an explicit and strong capacity-building component.
UNESCO is part of this process and is likely to become a co-sponsor as well as a contributor to the IPBES Secretariat.
While architecture of IPBES is under development, option for organizing the work is on the basis of themes and crosscutting issues, of which a marine element could be one central element.
As the Platform would also deal with ecosystem services, financial as well as non-economic aspects of biodiversity valuation will be instrumental in bringing together different sectors operating in the biodiversity and ecosystem services area.
--High-Level Event: Oceans Day at Nagoya CBD COP10, Nagoya, October 23, 2010
Development of Nagoya Ocean Mandate
--Public awareness of marine biodiversity events
--Preparations for Rio+20