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Presented to:. Oklahoma Geographic Information Council for McCurtain County GIS Pilot Project Project Overview & Project Results. Proposed Development and Utilization of GIS Capability for Rural Areas In Oklahoma Including Public and Private Non-enterprise Organization Activity May 6, 2011.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Presented to:

Oklahoma Geographic Information Councilfor McCurtain County GIS Pilot ProjectProject Overview & Project Results

Proposed Development and Utilization

of GIS Capability for Rural Areas In Oklahoma

Including Public and Private Non-enterprise Organization Activity

May 6, 2011

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

specific purpose overview
Specific Purpose Overview
  • Review OSU McCurtain County Pilot Project Methodology and Results
  • Review the Proposed Significance of these Results
  • Review Optional Proposed Strategy Recommendations for Consideration by the Geographic Information Council
  • Review Potential Decision Considerations Desired from the Council Today

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

problems for rural non enterprise users adapting advancing gis technology
Problems for Rural/Non-enterprise Users Adapting/Advancing GIS Technology

Rural County Areas not adapting/advancing GIS Technology

  • The process to request and acquire data is often slow and costly
  • The predominate GIS Software is not affordable
  • State Programs not offering sufficient methods for rural users to obtain in-house capabilities to be GIS self-sufficient.
  • Funding and support resources such as training and proactive technology transfer are not readily available to be GIS self-sufficient
  • Direct and timely use of GIS by Rural Users does not exist.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

introduction
Introduction
  • Through there close associations with Counties the OSU Cooperative Extension Service is keenly aware that rural county areas are slow to adapt, advance, and use GIS Technology
  • The OSU Cooperative Extension Service through the Division of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources is initiating new program approach to assist rural counties of Oklahoma
  • OSU Cooperative Extension Service is proposing and now demonstrating a new proactive approach for transfer and use of GIS data by rural area users.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

overall goal
Overall Goal

Promote and facilitate the advancement, establishment, and use of GIS capabilities for Public Officials and Non-enterprise Users in rural Counties and Municipalities throughout the State of Oklahoma so that these Counties, Municipalities, and Other Non-enterprise Users can eventually sustain the operations and maintenance of these capabilities on their own.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

overall objectives
Overall Objectives
  • Bring together and focus existing Federal, State, County, Municipal, and private resources to assist rural Counties, municipalities, and other Non-enterprise Users to demonstrate, evaluate, adapt and use GIS technology.
  • Offer to Rural Counties, Municipalities, and Non-enterprise Users the support resources such as training, state and federal database availability, technical and research assistance, assistance to access alternate funding sources, and organization and management assistance to eventually sustain GIS self-sufficiency.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

general methodology
General Methodology
  •  Through County Extension offices the use of GIS capability in rural areas will be promoted, coordinated and developed.
  •  OSU to assist rural users to explore, demonstrate, and evaluate GIS capability alternatives through OSU shared GIS technology and to find the most suitable alternative
  • Pilot Project with one County area will be conducted to find what works and doesn’t work before expanding the methodology to other Counties.
  •  The Pilot Project will help us determine how quickly we can support other Counties with these services.
  •  Develop network of communication and agreements across various State governments to participate in the use of GIS Technology
  •  Pursue available resources and funding sources through this network, and promote and find strategies to share resources.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

project participation considerations
Project Participation Considerations
  • Building a formal McCurtain County Area Users Group
  • Consist of Member/Users
    • County public offices
    • County public interest groups,
    • Municipality offices
    • County public authorities
    • Public districts
    • Federal and State Government offices
    • Private sector businesses to participate as Users.
  • Capable of representing their organizational functions and the informational needs and data requirements
  • Demonstrated knowledge for computer operation
  • Individual user skills and their own knowledge base regarding GIS and Information Technology may vary substantially.
  • Users will advance to more complex applications when he or she is ready and has the need to advance.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

pilot project implementation methodology
Pilot Project ImplementationMethodology 
  • Pilot Project started in early October 2009 and will continue through Today of 2011 
  • Consist of 5 phases during this period
    • Phase 1 - Project Planning and definition
    • Phase 2 – System development and readiness
    • Phase 3 – Initial training, demonstration and evaluation
    • Phase 4 - Further training enhancement and additional demonstration and evaluation
    • Phase 5 - Performance measurement applied to transferability

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

major consideration emphasis applied to this project
Major Consideration Emphasis Applied to this Project
  • Project Management
  • Formal User GIS Working Group
  • User Orientation training
  • User Needs and Requirements
  • User Database
  • GIS System Capability
  • Applications for Demonstration
  • Specific Application and System Training
  • User Demonstrations
  • User Evaluations
  • Cost/Benefit Assessment
  • Technology Transfer Packaging
  • Outreach Methodology
  • Application and GIS System Documentation
  • Application and GIS System Video Tutorials
  • State Interagency Integration and Communication

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

slide11

Overview of Applications Demonstrated in Project“These Applications Were Defined by the User and Express The Needs of Today’s Capability and Resources of the Users”

  • County/Municipal Planning Districts
    • Site Selection
    • Current and Planned Site Updating
    • Generating Potential Industrial Zones and Sites using Transportation, Utilities, and other required
    • Infrastructure Buffer Areas
    • Various Community and Economic Demographics
  • Water Districts
    • Generating and Updating Current District Infrastructure Maps
    • Generating and Updating District Boundary Maps
    • Generating Water Meter Location Maps
  • Fire Districts
    • Generating and Updating Current District Infrastructure Maps
    • Generating and Updating District Boundary Maps
    • Generating and Updating Road Maps
    • GPS Applications Using these Road Maps for Fires and Emergency
    • Generating and Updating Structure Address Maps
    • Generating and Updating Residence Address Maps
    • Generating and Updating Fire Risk Area Maps
    • Generating Near Real time Buffer Emergency Maps for Emergency Response
    • Generating Buffer Maps for Damage Assessment

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

slide12

Overview of Applications Demonstrated in Project“These Applications Were Defined by the User and Express The Needs of Today’s Capability and Resources of the Users”(Continued)

  • Law Enforcement
    • Generating and Updating Road Maps
    • GPS Applications Using these Road Maps for Police Calls
    • Generating Near Real time Buffer Emergency Maps for Emergency Response
    • Generating Buffer Maps for Damage Assessment
    • Dangerous Felons and Sex Offender Maps
    • Crime Demographics
  • Municipalities
    • Generating and Updating Current City Infrastructure Maps
    • Generating and Updating City and Ward Boundary Maps
    • City Demographics
    • City Tax Support and Demographics
    • See Fire and Water Applications
  • Tax Assessment and Collection
    • Tax Delinquency Maps
    • Tax Parcel Mapping Support
    • Performing Tax Assessment Support
    • Tax and Community Demographics

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

slide13

Overview of Applications Demonstrated in Project“These Applications Were Defined by the User and Express The Needs of Today’s Capability and Resources of the Users”(Continued)

  • Public Schools
    • Bus Route Maps
    • Student Address Pin Maps
    • Generating and Updating School Redistricting Boundary Maps
    • Sex Offender and Dangerous Felon Maps
    • School and Community Demographics
  • Emergency Management
    • See Fire, Water, and Municipalities
    • Flood Inundation Scenarios
    • Environmental Scenarios
    • Damage Assessment Buffers
    • Emergency Buffers
    • Environmental Buffers
    • Generating and Updating Road Maps
    • GPS Applications Using these Road Maps for Fires and Emergency-

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

what has been accomplished and lessons learned through project demonstrations
What Has Been Accomplished and Lessons Learned Through Project Demonstrations
  • The development of a formal User Participation Group to communicate requirements, information exchange, and resolve both project and technical issues has proven essential for supporting user training, demonstration, requirements, and evaluation.
    • Full participation from County, State, and US Government sources, Utilities, Municipalities, Fire Districts, Water Districts, Law Enforcement, County Planning Districts
  • The User team participants obtained and documented their respective specific User requirements which has contributed to their ownership and acceptance of the user demonstrations.
  • The User team participants jointly participated in the development of their respective specific User applications and contributes to their ownership and acceptance of their user demonstrations
  • A jointly developed and documented users training plan applied to user system and application training was essential to plan, manage, conduct months of varied types of training to more than 50 users.
  • Show-and-tell training and repetitive hands-on-training proves to be the key to user participation. Many of the users start with little confidence and gradually build.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

what has been accomplished and lessons learned through project demonstrations continued
What Has Been Accomplished and Lessons Learned Through Project Demonstrations (Continued)
  • The establishment of continued user training curriculum through the McCurtain County Fire Fighters Association for all McCurtain County users will foster user proficiency needed and provide continued follow-up training.
  • The strength of the user participation requires gradual buildup through much communication, orientation, training, show and tell, care-taking and repeating over again!!!
  • The established GIS database development and operation has provided easy access to all the data needed for the user defined applications.
  • Starting with application activities that are in nature less complex and easier to accomplish by the user participants proved to be successful.. The users were steered in this direction and away from complicated applications… We found that the user can easily get discouraged.
  • The developed 50 User How-to-documentation procedures and video tutorials for user applications and user systems are vital for user training and future user referral.
  • Open Source Software (Mapwindows) capability has proven to be the place to start the introduction of GIS technology and applications to rural areas.
  • Mapwindows does satisfy a majority if not all McCurtain County designated functional requirements as defined by the users.
    • In all probability this can be true for other rural counties
    • You can conjecture budget, manpower, history, political, social, cultural, education, available expertise, and technology constraints as to this statement

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

what has been accomplished and lessons learned through project demonstrations continued1
What Has Been Accomplished and Lessons Learned Through Project Demonstrations (Continued)
  • Mapwindows is evolving from earlier applied research to a "utilization GIS open source software package" through organized development and new software capability improvements, and is postured to resolve known software and application bugs.
  • ESRI ARCGIS is not compatible (cumbersome/costly) in early development with the conjecture given above and the experience gained through this Project.
  • The established issue resolution team from Idaho State University combined with the Oklahoma State University GIS application technical support has proven to be essential for resolving issues and technical problems with the use of Mapwindows.
  • The established Public School High School Intern Program participation by using Students to perform GIS applications for the Schools fosters future users in the rural community
  • The established arrangements with the Public Schools to supply GIS trained Students through the Intern Program can support application activities performed by Public Organizations and for Students to receive School credits.
  • Oklahoma State University Cooperative Extension or other respectable institution is vital for not only user acceptance but to keep the ball rolling.
  • The importance of communication and trust between rural public officials and the County Extension Agent in counties has proven vital to furthered success.
  • This relationship allows for needed user team building and a central focus for the needed interfaces between the rural users and Project.
  • Developed and documented a comprehensive Technology Transfer Package and Plan for GIS capability utilization by other Oklahoma Counties, rural areas, and other States

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

a solid foundation of results and capability created in mccurtain county
A Solid Foundation of Results and Capability Created in McCurtain County
  • The creation of a solid core of GIS trained persons that can continue the expansion and providing technical leadership to other potential users
  • The definition, development and demonstration of 50 user defined applications
  • The Open Source GIS Software (Mapwindows) has proven to be useful and easy for users to perform their applications
  • The GIS database development and operation has provided easy access to all the data needed for the user defined applications
  • The development of user how-to-procedures for applications and Mapwindows Software
  • The development of 50 how-to specific video tutorials of applications and Mapwindows Software
  • The establishment of continued user training through the McCurtain County Fire Fighters Association for all McCurtain County users
  • The development of a formal User Participation Group to communicate requirements and resolve both project and technical issues
  • The established OSU project interface through the County Extension Service Office provides the much needed trust, acceptance, and communication to advance GIS Technology
  • OSU Cooperative Extension demonstrates management integration know how, planning framework know how, project building and setup know how, trusted and capable User Interface communications, and the production of ready packaged documentation/video tutorials to apply to further development of a Statewide Geographic information System

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

technology transfer documentation packaging for mccurtain county gis
Technology Transfer Documentation Packaging For McCurtain County GIS
  • Conceptual Plan for McCurtain County GIS
  • McCurtain County User development plan
  • McCurtain County GIS Project plan
  • User requirements development plan
  • Project User requirements
  • GIS database development plan
  • GIS application analysis capability plan
  • Project training plan
  • General 0rientation training manual
  • Specific User requirements
  • Specific User application training plans
  • Specific User training manuals
  • Specific User application demonstrations descriptions
  • Specific User application training plans-Specific User training manuals
  • Specific/Selected Mapwindow procedures
  • Specific User application How to procedures
  • Project demonstration plan
  • Project evaluation plan
  • Specific User results and evaluation
  • Project User results and evaluation summary
  • Application Cost/Benefit Assessment
  • GIS Technology Plan
    • -Determination to pursue GIS adaptation
    • -What are the economic, social, financial, educational, technical, manpower, and political factors needed for a decision to proceed
    • -Establishing the planning framework to proceed
    • -Establishing the political, management, technical, and user teams to proceed

These Documents planned for viewing at the OSU McCurtain GIS webpage: http://agecon.okstate.edu/gis/gis.asp

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

significance and implications of results
Significance and Implications of Results
  • Developed and documented a comprehensive Technology Transfer Package for GIS capability utilization by other rural Users is a never before realized opportunity
  • Developed Technology Transfer Plan scenarios describing possible implementation of GIS Capability in other Oklahoma Counties and rural areas, and other States
  • Lessons learned should and can influence further planning and development of a Statewide Geographic Information System
  • The project planning, project setup, project progress, how-to-procedures, video tutorials, demonstration results, cost/benefit assessment, and the technology transfer process model is a complete documented transfer model package for use by other County areas, Statewide, and other States
  • Brings forward "real and tested components" to initiate steps to a Statewide Geospatial Information System
  • OSU Cooperative Extension Service can apply: management integration know how; planning framework know how; project building and setup know how; defined User interface communications; perform local level and State interagency interface building; applied GIS research/technical development, and produce ready packaged documentation and video tutorials to apply to further development of a Statewide Geographic information System

The user interface components of the requirements definition should always be realized as an executable prototype.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

osu extension service consideration of planned next steps
OSU Extension Service Consideration of Planned Next Steps
  • Ensure the acceptance and continued utilization of GIS Technology in McCurtain County by continuation of the project to increase the number of user participants and applications; and to finalize further demonstrations for Law Enforcement, Tax Assessment, and Emergency Management.
    • Increase the User Organization Participation for each user area by a factor of two
    • Conduct specific training and application demonstrations for these organizations with defined applications
  • Further and gradual expansion for test and demonstration in a larger rural area comprised of different multiple counties with an increased number of user organizations and participants.
    • Expand to include multiple counties of SE Oklahoma
    • Further our understanding through these demonstrations to verify that the original pilot project transfer package is sufficient and/or needs modification prior to expanding to other rural areas of the state.
    • Ensure the appropriate future strategies to implement a statewide GIS capability and to ensure the acceptance and continued utilization proficiency of GIS Technology in rural areas across the state.

The user interface components of the requirements definition should always be realized as an executable prototype.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

recommended strategies for considerations by the geographic information council
Recommended Strategies For ConsiderationsBy The Geographic Information Council
  • Adopt in principle the proposed results
  • The Council Proactively Supports the continuation and expansion methodology of the proposed OSU methodology
  • Advocate a Strategy to "Bring Forward Real and Tested Components" of a Statewide Geospatial Information System through the demonstration experience in SE Oklahoma and eventually across the State of Oklahoma to rural and non-enterprise Users
  • Forms/Initiate proactive Interagency/University team to bring forward "real and tested components" of a Statewide Geospatial Information System
  • Establish the political and applied technical outreach to address our local and statewide community needs through this team.
  • Designate OSU Agricultural Extension to perform the management and technical integration for this development using the consolidated applied research and technical support resources of OSU and OU Universities to foster the development

The user and system interface components of the requirements definition should always be realized as an executable prototype.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

decisions action considerations by the geographic information council
Decisions/Action Considerations by the Geographic Information Council
  • Send formal support letter to the President of Oklahoma State University requesting the University to Continue the expansion of GIS technology development and utilization to Southeastern Oklahoma rural county users through the OSU Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service using the OSU McCurtain GIS Pilot Project methodology.
  • Initiate a Geographic Information Council/Interagency working group to build a formal Geographic Information Council/Interagency Program Plan to:
    • Develop real and tested components of a Statewide Geospatial Information System
    • Develop, test, and verify the prototype Statewide Geospatial Information System
    • Establish strategies to perform the political and applied technical outreach to address our Statewide Capability, statewide political and technical community arrangements, needs, and support
  • Send formal letter to both Presidents of Oklahoma State University and Oklahoma University describing Geographic Information Council's program intent to proceed with development of a Statewide Geospatial Information System using applied research, technical, and management integrations support of the Universities
  • Designate OSU Agricultural Cooperative Extension Service to perform the management and technical integration for this development using the consolidated applied research and technical support resources of OSU and OU Universities to foster the development

The user interface components of the requirements definition should always be realized as an executable prototype.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

optional management and support structure
Optional Management and Support Structure

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

potential policy level issues for system development may need to be addressed
Potential Policy Level Issues for System Development"May Need to be Addressed”
  • User Participation and Interagency Institution Mission and Control Focus Conflicts
    • Participation and Control Rebalance???
  • Standards and System Constraints versus System Build Focus
    • Needed Rebalance????
  • Standards and Systems Constraints Versus Needs/Utilization and Realized Development
    • Needed Rebalance????
  • Mapping/Cartography Constraints and User Needs/Utilization Conflicts ---
    • Needed Rebalance???
  • GIS Software Constraints and User Needs/Utilization Conflicts ---
    • Needed Rebalance???
  • Government Institutional Strategic Management/Budget/Policy versus Interagency Committees, Panels, and Councils Conflicts----
    • Needed: Changes in Approach, Schedule, etc Adjustment???
  • Federal and State Programs and User Needs/Utilization Conflicts—
    • Needing Communication and Participation Rebalance????
  • University Research Programs and User Needs/Utilization Conflicts
    • Needed Communication and Joint Participation???
  • Research Organization Elements of Operational Institutions Overrepresented in Proposed Operational Systems Development
    • Needed Rebalance????

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

specification vs system build balance
Specification vs. System Build Balance

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

user and systems geographic information system development
User and Systems Geographic Information System Development
  • Mission and Requirements
  • Phase A ------ Preliminary Design Studies -- Conceptual Design
  • Phase B ------ Definition, Design and Test Prototypes; Define System Build Specifications
  • Phase C/D --- System Development and Build; System Test & Verification, Training, Documentation, and Acceptance Testing
  • Phase E ------- Implementation Operation, and Maintenance

The user interface components of the requirements definition should always be realized as an executable prototype.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

slide27

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

gis software current use considerations and selection
GIS Software Current Use ConsiderationsAnd Selection
  • Assess Use, Benefits, Costs, and Status of Current System being Used?
  • Selection of Systems for the New Users Through a Well Designed Requirements Process

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

management functional needs optional considerations the bird dog or the champion for the council
Management Functional Needs -- Optional Considerations“The Bird Dog or The Champion” For the Council
  • Perform the Program/Project function for Prototyping the Components for the Statewide Geographic Information Sys.
  • Perform the management integration function to build a formal Geographic Information Council/Interagency Program Implementation Plan
  • Perform the management integration function to implement the development, test, and verification of the prototype Statewide Geospatial Information System
  • Perform the management integration to perform the political and applied technical outreach to address our Statewide Capability, Statewide political and technical community arrangements, needs, and support.

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"

robert rowley qualifications rrowley01@comcast net
Robert Rowley Qualificationsrrowley01@comcast.net
  • Planned, developed, managed, integrated, and participated in all of the OSU McCurtain Pilot Project tasks as Volunteer
  • NASA Experience
    • Lead the NASA Interagency Team to establish and initiate the NASA Headquarters organization for Managing the Operations and Utilization of the International Space Station. Directed this organization in the start up phase and was accountable for planning and management for the future utilization and operations of a sizable budgeted International Space Station
    • Manager of the Space Station Customer Development Office. Efforts contributed to the definition of the user integration and mission integration management and operational and maintenance processes used today in the current space station operations
    • Manager for the NASA Earth Resources Technology Development Program. Served as Chairman of the Federal Land Resources and Mapping Interagency Panel for the development, implementation, and technology transfer of Aircraft and Satellite systems and applications for use in Forestry, Agriculture, Land Use, and Water Resources for various Federal and State Government agencies.
    • Co-Chairman of the Federal Inter-agency LANDSAT Operational Satellite System and served as program manager for Operational Satellite System to define Interagency User Requirements and to manage the Phase A & B Design Studies of the Satellite System
    • Program Manager for the NASA Commercialization Program. Performed the strategic planning and management for the development of Research Institutes across the Nation
    • Participated directly in the early development of various federal and state natural resources information systems to incorporate aircraft and satellite data with their respective applications
    • Project Manager for NASA High Altitude Research Aircraft Program and served as a flight crew collecting research data for earth resources, weather and environmental radiation monitoring. Supervised the maintenance and repair of the aircraft and equipment such as remote sensing systems.
  • Science Research Corporation
    • Vice-President and Director of University research and education support services.
    • Developed science and engineering research projects with Universities for NASA programs. This includes the development of academic programs and curriculums for space science and engineering and software engineering to develop quality engineers. This work has included the definition, planning, development, implementation, and measurement of numerous projects with management and technical coordination amongst the various policy/management levels of Universities and NASA organizations

"The best way to build and maintain GIS datasets for a Geographic Data Information System begins at the local level"