Japan Land of the Rising Sun
History • Constitution: Article 9 • Japan may not have any offensive military force • Thus, Japan depends on the US for security • Japan pays about $4.5 billion toward joint defense (as per the US-Japan Security Treaty) • US Military presence • 50,000 troops (approx) • 38 bases • 75% of those troops are in Okinawa
Inherency • Futenma air base • Very controversial for Japanese • A busy airbase near a major urban area (Ginowan City)… • Noise, traffic problems • Crime – this has been exacerbated by some high-profile cases, most notably the rape of a 12-year-old girl by two marines in 1995 • 2006 – US agrees to relocate 8,000 troops to Guam (not to move Futenma) by 2014
More on Futenma • 1996 – Plans are made to move Futenma to nearby Henoko Bay (Nago, Okinawa) • Biodiversity • Henoko bay is a natural habitat of the Dugong, which is an endangered species • Local public opinion is overwhelmingly against building the replacement facility here
Political Fallout • 2 political parties in Japan • Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) • Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) • 2009 – DPJ defeats LDP – call for more equality toward Japan • PM Hatoyama elected partly on pledge to move Futenma OFF Okinawa • 2010: US says it just won’t happen. Hatoyama resigns • Replaced by PM Naoto Kan.
PLAN • The USFG will permanently remove Futenma Air Base from Okinawa • (we will probably say the base could be moved to Guam, however the resolution does not allow the AFF specify that action!)
The NEG • They don’t really care (the Japanese) • Guam is not ready • Infrastructural issues • China • Disaster Relief