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War of 1812. Economic Pressures. James Madison elected President in 1808 Wanted to avoid war with GB or Fr . US made different attempt to get GB & Fr. to remove trade restrictions Fr. finally did in 1811. War Hawks. Many Americans wanted war with GB

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economic pressures
Economic Pressures
  • James Madison elected President in 1808
  • Wanted to avoid war with GB or Fr.
  • US made different attempt to get GB & Fr. to remove trade restrictions
  • Fr. finally did in 1811
war hawks
War Hawks
  • Many Americans wanted war with GB
  • Most that wanted war were Southerners and Westerners
  • Southern planters & western farmers were hurt by trade restrictions
  • They earned most of their income by shipping crops
  • Am also blamed GB for stirring up the Native Americans
  • War Hawks-Senators from the South & West that voted for the war
  • Ex- Henry Clay (KY) & John C. Calhoun (SC)
    • Native American leader that believed Nat. Amer. needed to unite to stop Americans from moving onto their land
  • Gov of IN territory, William Henry Harrison went to attack Prophetstown
  • Native Americans attack first
  • Fight near Tippecanoe river
  • Americans win
  • Battle of Tippecanoe makes many Native Americans flee to Canada
  • Many Americans are convinced GB encouraged the Native Americans
  • Madison declares war on GB in 1812
the americans attack
The Americans Attack
  • Madison orders an invasion of Canada
  • 3 American armies invade
  • First is easily defeated.
  • The other 2 fall apart when the NY militia refuses to cross the border (they opposed the war)
    • 1813- Oliver Perry (Am. naval commander) builds a fleet on Lake Erie
    • US controlled the Great Lakes
native american raids
Native American Raids
  • Red Stick Creek- allies of GB
  • Attacked American settlers
  • Red Sticks attacked by militia at Burnt Corn Creek (Monroe County)
  • Red sticks win
  • Battle of Burnt Corn makes settlers realize they are vulnerable
  • Some settlers move to crude forts for protection
  • One is Fort Mims (in Baldwin County)
  • Creeks kill several 100 settlers
andrew jackson horseshoe bend
Andrew Jackson- Horseshoe Bend
  • News of Ft. Mims spread to TN
  • Gov sends TN militia led by Andrew Jackson to help
  • Jackson moves south through Alabama attacking Creeks
  • By 1814, gets word of a large Creek group at Horseshoe Bend on Tallapoosa River
  • Attacks and defeats Creeks
  • Battle of Horseshoe Bend ends Native American resistance in the Southern US
end of the war raids on washington dc
End of the War- Raids on Washington, DC
  • 1814- Napoleon’s France collapses
  • GB can now focus attention on the US
  • Planned to invade the US
  • GB landed troops and marched into Washington, DC
  • They burned the White House & Capitol
  • Next, they attacked Baltimore
  • Shelled Ft. McHenry all night, but it held
  • Br. withdrew
treaty of ghent
Treaty of Ghent
  • Peace negotiations began in 1814, while fighting continued
  • Treaty signed on Dec. 24, 1814.
  • Restored prewar boundaries
  • Did little else
the battle of new orleans
The Battle of New Orleans
  • Fought in Jan, 1815, after Treaty of Ghent signed
  • Andrew Jackson defended the city for US
  • Am. soundly defeated the British
  • Jackson became a national hero
    • Increase US reputation overseas
    • Generated national unity and patriotism in the US