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Gospel of Luke Part 1 Week 7
Further Ministry in Galilee 4:31 through 5:26 • After being rejected in Nazareth, Jesus settles in Capernaum • A city on the north shore of Sea of Galilee • Fulfilled prophesy of Isaiah (Isa. 9:1,2) • Teaches with authority (4:31,32) • People were amazed
Jesus in Galilee • Heals a man with an unclean spirit (4:33-37) • In the synagogue
Jesus in Galilee • Heals a man with an unclean spirit (4:33-37) • In the synagogue • Evil spirit used the man to speak out against Jesus • Knew that He was the Holy One of God. • Jesus rebuked the spirit and commanded it to come out. • His fame spread throughout the region.
Bible’s Teaching About Demons - Some translations use devils or unclean spirits • Very limited information • Allowed during the personal ministry of Jesus and His apostles • About 85 references to demons in NT • Subordinate agents of Satan who shared his wicked nature. • Superhuman power • Possessed some human traits, e.g. speaking, recognizing Jesus and trembling
Teaching About Demons, Cont’d. • Seized control of faculties and caused pain and suffering (Lk 8:26-38). • No indication that being possessed caused one to sin. • Purpose – Confirmation of the absolute power of Christ over Satan and his forces (Matt. 12:28,29; Lk. 4:36) • Ceased in first century. Four examples recorded in Acts (5:16; 8:7; 16:16; 19:13-16).
Jesus in Galilee • Heals Peter’s mother-in-law (4:38-41) • Sick with a high fever • Jesus rebuked the illness and it left her immediately • She arose and began to serve her guests. • Preaching and healing in Galilee (4:40-44)
Jesus in Galilee • Demons knew that Jesus was the Christ (4:40,41) • Why did Jesus rebuke them and not allow them to speak? • Healed many (4:42-44) • He healed every one who came to him or was brought to him – HE NEVER FAILED TO HEAL!!
Jesus in Galilee • Calls first apostles in Galilee (5:1-11)
Jesus in Galilee • Calls first apostles in Galilee (5:1-11) • The miraculous mess of fish (5:1-9) • Calls them to be fishers of men (5:10-11) • Heals a man of leprosy (5:12-16) • Jesus’ fame spreads (5:15,16) • Heals a paralyzed man – forgives his sins • Lowered through roof (5:17-24) • Healed immediately (5:25-26)
Jesus in Galilee • Lk. 5:27 Calls Levi, a tax collector • Great feast at Levi’s house, including publican friends • Pharisees and scribes grumbled • Read 1Co 15:33?? • Jesus response?
Question About Fasting • From John’s disciples (5:33-35) Also, Matt. 9:14-17; Mk. 2:18-22 • John’s disciples and those of the Pharisee sect fast often. • But your disciples eat and drink
Question About Fasting • From John’s disciples (5:33-35) Also, Matt. 9:14-17; Mk. 2:18-22 • John’s disciples and those of the Pharisee sect fast often. • But your disciples eat and drink • Was fasting required under the Old Law? • Is fasting required of Christians?
Fasting • Certain emotional situations cause loss of appetite and natural abstinence from food. • Great distress • Injury and sickness • Grief and mourning due to loss of loved one • From a scriptural perspective, fasting had nothing to do with therapeutics.
Fasting Was fasting commanded under the old law? • Only on the day of atonement (Lev. 16:29-31; 23:26-32) • Examples of voluntary fasts (2 Sam. 1:11-12; 2 Chron. 20:1-4; Joel 1:14-20) • Ezra fasted to seek divine guidance and protection. (Ezra 8:21-23) • David humbled his soul with fasting. (Psm. 35:13) • Daniel fasted and prayed. (Dan. 9:3-6) • Ninevah fasted at the preaching of Jonah. (Jonah 3:1-10)
Spiritual Reasons for Fasting • Commanded under law of Moses for the one day. • To enhance spiritual discipline. • To focus the mind on the spiritual as opposed to the temporal. • To make prayer and supplication more effectual, e.g. Ezra 8:21.
Ezra 8:21-23 Then I proclaimed a fast there at the river of Ahava, that we might humble ourselves before our God, to seek from Him the right way for us and our little ones and all our possessions. For I was ashamed to request of the king an escort of soldiers and horsemen to help us against the enemy on the road, because we had spoken to the king, saying, "The hand of our God is upon all those for good who seek Him, but His power and His wrath are against all those who forsake Him." So we fasted and entreated our God for this, and He answered our prayer.
Spiritual Reasons for Fasting • Commanded under law of Moses for the one day. • To enhance spiritual discipline. • To focus the mind on the spiritual as opposed to the temporal. • To make prayer and supplication more effectual, e.g. Ezra 8:21. • To show penitence or sorrow for sin.
Other Examples of Fasting • Hanna wept and fasted because she was childless (1 Sam. 1:7). • Ahab sulked and would not eat because Naboth refused to sell him his vineyard (1 Kings 21:4). • David fasted, hoping his prayer for the child by Bathsheba might be heard and answered by God (2 Sam. 12:16-23).
Other Examples of Fasting • David fasted out of grief about the death of Abner (2 Sam. 3:35) • Ahab fasted in sackcloth to humble himself before God in 1 Kngs. 21:27-29). God relented about bringing disaster on his family in his lifetime. • To a Jew, effective fasting meant more than abstaining from food.
Isaiah 58:4-9 You cannot fast as you do today and expect your voice to be heard on high. Is this the kind of fast I have chosen, only a day for a man to humble himself ? Is it only for bowing one's head like a reed and for lying on sackcloth and ashes? Is that what you call a fast, a day acceptable to the LORD? "Is not this the kind of fasting I have chosen: to loose the chains of injustice and untie the cords of the yoke, to set the oppressed free and break every yoke? Is it not to share your food with the hungry and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter-- when you see the naked, to clothe him, and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood? Then your light will break forth like the dawn, and your healing will quickly appear; then your righteousness will go before you, and the glory of the LORD will be your rear guard. Then you will call, and the LORD will answer; you will cry for help, and he will say: Here am I.
Fasting Is fasting commanded for Christians? • Is it ever in order for Christians to fast? • Jesus approved of fasting (voluntary and in private) and told His disciples that God would reward them for it (Matt. 6:17). • Examples of disciples fasting: • Church in Antioch (prophets and teachers) Acts 13:1-3 • Paul fasted often (2 Cor. 11:24-31) • Also, during the appointment of elders (Acts 14:23) • Do these represent approved examples?
Fasting • Jesus used a metaphor to answer the question about His disciples nor fasting. • At a wedding, can you expect the guests to fast while the bridegroom is with them? • In stead of a fast, they participate in a feast.