results of the contributions to the competition on wind turbine fault detection and isolation n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
RESULTS OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE COMPETITION ON WIND TURBINE FAULT DETECTION AND ISOLATION PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
RESULTS OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE COMPETITION ON WIND TURBINE FAULT DETECTION AND ISOLATION

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 26

RESULTS OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE COMPETITION ON WIND TURBINE FAULT DETECTION AND ISOLATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 115 Views
  • Uploaded on

RESULTS OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE COMPETITION ON WIND TURBINE FAULT DETECTION AND ISOLATION. Presented by Peter Fogh Odgaard* At Wind Turbine Control Symposium at Aalborg University 28 th -29 th November 2011 *kk-electronic a/s, Denmark, peodg@kk-electronic.com

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'RESULTS OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE COMPETITION ON WIND TURBINE FAULT DETECTION AND ISOLATION' - viola


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
results of the contributions to the competition on wind turbine fault detection and isolation

RESULTS OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE COMPETITION ON WIND TURBINE FAULT DETECTION AND ISOLATION

Presented by Peter Fogh Odgaard*

At Wind Turbine Control Symposium at Aalborg University 28th-29th November 2011

*kk-electronic a/s, Denmark, peodg@kk-electronic.com

Contributions from: Stoustrup, J., Kinnaert, M., Laouti, N., Sheibat-Othman, N., Othman, S., Zhang, X., Zhang, Q., Zhao, S., Ferrari, R. M., Polycarpou, M. M., Parisini, T., Ozdemir, A., Seiler, P., Balas, G., Chen, W., Ding, S., Sari, A., Naik, A., Khan, A., Yin, S., Svard, C. & Nyberg, M.

outline
Outline
  • Motivation
  • FDI/FTC Benchmark Model and Competition
  • Description of Selected Contributions
  • Results of the Selected Contributions
  • Planned Continuations
  • Is the Objectives meet?
motivation
Motivation
  • Increased reliability is of high important in order to minimize cost of energy of wind turbines.
  • Fault Detection and isolation (FDI) and Fault Tolerant Control (FTC) are some of the important solutions in obtaining this.
objective
Objective
  • The benchmark model1 and competition should:
    • To attract attention from Academia to the FDI & FTC problem on wind turbines.
    • Provide a platform some how relating to wind turbines which all can use, and which can be used for comparisons.
    • A part of showing the potential of FDI and FTC in Wind Turbines.

1Odgaard, P.; Stoustrup, J. & Kinnaert, M. Fault Tolerant Control of Wind Turbines – a benchmark model Proceedings of the 7th IFAC Symposium on Fault Detection, Supervision and Safety of Technical Processes, 2009, 155-160

fdi ftc benchmark
FDI/FTC Benchmark
  • A generic 4.8MW wind turbine is used.
model details
Model Details
  • Pitch actuators Second order transfer function with constraints for each blade. Close loop system.
  • Converter First order transfer function with constraints. Close loop system.
  • Drive train modeled with a 3 state model. Including inertias from generator and rotor.
  • Simple Cp curve based aerodynamic model
  • Sensors modeled by band limited random noise blocks.
faults
Faults
  • Sensor Faults
    • 1m1 fixed to 5 deg. 2000s-2100s
    • 2m2 scaled with a factor of 1.2. 2300s-2400s
    • 3m1fixed to 10 deg. 2600s-2700s
    • r,m1fixed to 1.4 rad/s. 1500s-1600s
    • r,m2 scaled with 1.1 and g,m1 scaled with 0.9. 1000s-1100s
faults ii
Faults (II)
  • Actuator Faults
    • Hydraulic pressure drop in pitch actuator 2. Abrupt changed actuator dynamics. 2900s-3000s.
    • Increased air content in hydraulic oil in pitch actuator 3. Slowly changing actuator dynamics. 3500s-3600s.
    • Offset on with 100 Nm. 3800s- 3900s.
  • System Faults
    • Changed dynamics of drive train 4100s-4300s
faults iii
Faults III
  • Seven additional tests were performed with time shifted fault occurrences, resulting in other point of operations for the faults.
fdi requirements
FDI Requirements
  • Requirements to detection times
    • Sensors 10Ts
    • Converter 3Ts
    • Hydraulic oil leakage 8Ts
    • Air in oil 100Ts
  • Requirement to interval between false positive detections – 100000 samples, and three successive detections are accepted.
  • All faults should be detected.
gausian kernel support vector machine solution 2
Gausian Kernel Support Vector Machine solution2
  • This scheme is based on a Support Vector Machine build on a Gaussian kernel.
  • In this design a vector of features is defined for each fault containing 2-4 relevant measurements, filtered measurements or combinations of these.
  • Data with and without faults were used for learning the model for FDI of the specific faults, based on this the vectors, kernel were found.

2Laouti, N., Sheibat-Othman, N. & Othman, S., Support Vector Machines for Fault Detection in Wind Turbines Proceedings of IFAC World Congress 2011, 2011, 7067-7072

estimation based solution 3
Estimation Based solution3
  • A fault detection estimator is designed to detect faults, and an additional bank of N isolation estimators are designed to isolate the faults.
  • Theestimators used for fault detection and isolation are designed based on the provided models including model parameters.
  • Each isolation estimator is designed based on a particular fault scenario under consideration.

3Zhang, X., Zhang, Q., Zhao, S., Ferrari, R. M., Polycarpou, M. M. & Parisini, T.Fault Detection and Isolation of the Wind Turbine Benchmark: An Estimation-Based Approach. Proceedings of IFAC World Congress 2011, 2011, 8295-8300

up down counter solution 4
Up-Down Counter solution4
  • Up-down counters are used in this solution for decision of fault detection and isolation based on residuals for each of the faults.
  • The fault detection and isolation residuals are based on residuals obtained by physical redundancy, parity equations and different filters.
  • Up-down counters based decisions depends on discrete-time dynamics and amplitude of the residuals.

4Ozdemir, A., Seiler, P. & Balas, G. Wind Turbine Fault Detection Using Counter-Based Residual ThresholdingProceedings of IFAC World Congress 2011, 2011, 8289-8294

combined observer and kalman filter solution 5
Combined Observer and Kalman Filter solution5
  • A diagnostic observer based residual generator is used for the faults in the Drive Train, in which the wind speed also is considered as a disturbance. It is decoupled from the disturbance and optimal.
  • A Kalman filter based scheme is designed for the other two subsystems.
  • GLR test and cumulative variance index are used for fault decision.
  • Filter banks are used for fault isolation.

5Chen, W., Ding, S., Sari, A., Naik, A., Khan, A. & Yin, S. Observer-based FDI Schemes for Wind Turbine Benchmark Proceedings of IFAC World Congress 2011, 2011, 7073-7078

general fault model solution 6
General Fault Model solution6
  • An automatic generated solution for FDI.
  • Main steps in the design are:
    • Generate a set of potential residual generators.
    • Select the most suitable residual
    • Design the diagnostic tests for the selected set of residual generators are designed.
  • A comparison between the estimated probability distributions of residuals is used for diagnostic tests and evaluated with current and no-fault data.

6Svard, C. & Nyberg, M. Automated Design of an FDI-System for the Wind Turbine Benchmark Proceedings of IFAC World Congress 2011, 2011, 8307-8315

planned continuations
Planned Continuations
  • Competition Part II – FTC – 2 invited sessions proposals submitted to IFAC Safeprocess 2012
  • An extended version of this benchmark model by merging it with FAST. Planning a invited session on this for ACC 2013. Details and model available in primo 2012. With Kathryn Johnson
  • Competition Part III (2013) & Part IV (2014) on a simple wind farm model with faults. Details and model available in primo 2012. With JakobStoustrup
is the objective meet
Is the Objective Meet?
  • Yes!
    • Higher than expected interest in the FDI and FTC parts of the competition.
    • General interest in the problem and benchmark model.
  • We hope to continue the momentum of this interest into the new initiatives.