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Building and Sustaining Coalitions for Effective Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Prevention. Tracy T. Downs, Ed.D. Associate Director John D. Clapp, Ph.D. Director. Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention.

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building and sustaining coalitions for effective alcohol and other drug abuse prevention

Building and Sustaining Coalitions for Effective Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Prevention

Tracy T. Downs, Ed.D.

Associate Director

John D. Clapp, Ph.D.

Director

higher education center for alcohol drug abuse and violence prevention
Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention

The U.S. Department of Education, through its Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools, established the Higher Education Centerfor Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention in 1993.

The Higher Education Center is located within Educational Development Center, Inc., located in Newton, Massachusetts

the center s mission
The Center’s Mission

To assist institutions of higher education in developing, implementing, and evaluating alcohol and other drug abuse and violence prevention programs, policies, and systems that will improve student retention and academic success and promote the health and safety of students and members of the surrounding community.

higher education center services
Higher Education Center Services

The Center provides:

  • General information and assistance
  • Publications, including case studies, Prevention Updates,and Catalyst newsletter
  • Online trainings, Webinars, training institutes, and customized technical assistance
  • Web content on multiple topics, including various types of campus violence and specific prevention strategies
  • HEC/News E-Digest, a weekly electronic digest of news and information relating to AOD and violence prevention
the state of the field
The State of the Field
  • Current evidence from health behavior research suggests, comprehensive, ecological approaches are needed (DeJong, et al. 1998; Saltz et al. 2009)
  • We know specific interventions work for alcohol (NIAAA, 2006)
  • Drug and violence prevention research is less developed, but we understand etiological factors (Langford, 2011)
slide6

Individual

Interpersonal

Institutional

Community

Society

Social Ecological Model

social systems framework of alcohol use

Individual

Characteristics

Small

environments

Society &

Culture

Social Systems Framework of Alcohol Use

Macro

Mezzo

Groups

families

Micro

Community

Factors

Neighborhoods

five strategies for environmental management
Five Strategies for Environmental Management
  • Offer alcohol-free options
  • Create a health-promoting normative environment
  • Restrict marketing and on and off campus
  • Limit alcohol availability
  • Increase enforcement of laws and policies
evidence based strategies
Evidence-Based Strategies…
  • Improves chances of successfully achieving your goals and objectives
  • Utilizes staff time and campus resources wisely
  • Are most effective and sustainable with the help of a campus and community coalition
coalitions
Coalitions
  • A coalition is “an organization of individuals representing diverse organizations, factions, or constituencies who agree to work together in order to achieve a common goal.”
  • A coalition is a vehicle for achieving the goal of creating environmental change.
two different approaches to coalitions
Two Different Approaches to Coalitions
  • Broad Based Coalitions
  • Small “Elite” Coalitions
broad based coalitions
Broad Based Coalitions…
  • Have members from multiple sectors of the campus and community
  • Typically employ an “organizer”
  • Can have sub-committees or working groups
  • Typically embrace a consensus or win-win approach
broad based coalitions pros cons
Broad-based Coalitions: Pros & Cons
  • Pros:
    • Builds relationships that otherwise don’t happen
    • Can generate political pressure for change
    • Can respond to new “threats” quickly
    • Good for policy change
  • Cons:
    • Become institutionalized
    • Consensus is often difficult on “hot button” issues
elite coalitions
“Elite” Coalitions
  • Use researchers and key stakeholders from select community based or campus based groups to address a single need
  • Data-based
  • Short-term and specific
  • Typically use “power” to achieve goals
elite coalitions pros cons
“Elite” Coalitions Pros & Cons
  • Pros:
    • Action oriented
    • High success for implementation on single issue
    • No mission drift
  • Cons:
    • Require data
    • Require access to people with power to make change
campus partners
Campus Partners
  • AOD prevention and wellness
  • Campus security/police
  • Medical, health, and mental health counseling services
  • Dean of Students
  • Judicial affairs
  • Residence life
  • Faculty
  • Admissions
  • Athletics
  • Students
  • Other key stakeholders depending on goals
campus task group activities
Campus Task Group Activities
  • Review campus policies and practices
    • Penalties for underage drinking on campus
    • Parental notification
    • Penalties for off-campus violations
    • Tailgating policies and practices

Develop or advocate for:

  • Increased and consistent enforcement of policies
  • Coordinated efforts and messages
  • Late-night alcohol-free activities
  • Messages to new students and parents
community partners
Community Partners
  • Business owners, including alcohol outlets
  • Landlords
  • Police department
  • Residents
  • Local media
  • Elected officials
  • Emergency room staff
  • Community prevention organization
community activities
Community Activities
  • Assessment of local alcohol policies
  • Increased enforcement of MLDA and other alcohol-related laws
  • Responsible beverage service
  • Restrictions on outlet density and happy hours
  • Working with landlords to decrease disorderly parties
  • Engaging local elected officials and other key stakeholders
  • Partnering with businesses to offer alternatives to drinking
statewide partners
Statewide Partners
    • Alcohol beverage control agency—licensing and enforcement
    • Other law enforcement agencies
    • Elected officials
  • State highway safety/transportation departments
  • Substance abuse prevention and treatment
  • Parent groups
  • Drunk driving prevention organizations
  • 2 and 4 year colleges throughout the state
state association of colleges and universities
State Association of Colleges and Universities
  • Share information on effective prevention strategies
  • Unified voice on state laws and practices
    • Keg registration
    • Dramshop laws
    • “Happy hours” and other reduced-price promotions
    • Increased penalties for illegal service to minors
    • Increase support for law enforcement
    • Responsible beverage service
    • Increase alcohol excise taxes
key elements of statewide coalitions
Key elements of statewide coalitions
  • Develop capacity of campus teams and leaders: environmental strategies, coalition building, strategic planning
  • Conduct problem analysis/needs assessment
  • Recruit key players
  • Develop and implement a strategic plan and evaluate efforts—both locally and statewide
  • Mobilize presidential leadership
  • Sustain momentum
for coalitions to be successful
For Coalitions to be successful…
  • Leadership from senior administration
  • Strong core of committed partners
  • Inclusive and broad-based membership
  • Consensus on purpose and goals
  • Focus members on appropriate tasks to maintain interest and engagement
  • Think and plan strategically!
contact us
Contact us…..

Web site:http://HigherEdCenter.ed.gov

E-mail: HigherEdCtr@edc.org

tdowns@edc.org

Phone: (800) 676-1730

TDD Relay-friendly, Dial 711