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  1. Magyar Ekvivalencia és Információs Központ Academic recognition/professional recognitionDifferences and similaritiesStrengthening higher education in Bosnia and HerzegovinaGábor MÉSZÁROS, 17 October 2006, Neum

  2. The Hungarian terminology Nonexistent before the EU accession • Acedemic recogntition: akademiai elismeres??? • Professional recognition: professzionalis elismeres???

  3. The Hungarian terminology • Academic recognition: recognition for access to education (tovabbtanulasi celu elismeres) • Professional recognition: recognition for access to work (a szakma gyakorlasa szempontjabol torteno elismeres)

  4. International terminologyLRC Lisbon Recognition Convention (LRC), Section I Article I Assessment (of individual qualifications): the written appraisal or evaluation of an individual‘s foreign qualification by a competent body

  5. International terminologyLRC LRC, Section I Article I Recognition: a formal acknowledgement by a competent authority of the value of a foreign educational qualification with a view to access to educational and/or employment activities

  6. International terminologyLRC LRC Explanatory Report Recognition: a specific assessment, • A formal statement • Done by competent recognition authority • Indicating the legal consequences of the recognition (e.g. access to doctoral studies)

  7. International terminologyEU Law Directive 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualifications: Article 3: definitions (no specific definition for recognition) Article 4: effects of recognition

  8. International terminologyEU Law Recognition of professional qualification: allows the beneficiary to gain access abroad to the same profession for which he is qualified in the home member state

  9. Similarities of academic and professional recognition Common objectives: elimination of the obstacles to professional and student mobility The academic recognition facilitate the free movement of professionals The professional recognition facilitate the free movement of students

  10. Similarities of academic and professional recognition Academic and professional recognition both based on thorough knowledge of foreign educational system Academic and professional recognition should not be discriminatory (cannot be based on discrimination on gender, race, color, religion)

  11. Differences between academic and professional recognition Professional recognition: mainly university level qualifications Academic recognition: secondary school leaving certificates (LRC: qualifications giving access to higher education) periods of studies higher education qualifications

  12. A bad experience if the rules academic and professional recognition are mixed The Hungarian nostrification: done by universities, gives access both to further studies and to work What is wrong with nostrification then? Foreign medical qualifications, three Hungarian universities: • Automatic recognition • Conditional recognition (6 examinations) • Automatic rejection of all applications

  13. Differences between academic and professional recognition Professional recognition: gives access to a host country profession as it stands (ski and skibord instuctors, teacher with two specific subjects) partial recognition is not practical Academic recognition: gives access to host country studies Partial recognition is often a solution (periods of studies)

  14. A bad experience if the rules academic and professional recognition are mixed The old Hungarian law allowed to recognize foreign qualifications (and use foreign professional titles) even if such profession did not exist in Hungary US Doctor of Chiropractic degree: is that a real Hungarian doctor

  15. Differences between academic and professional recognition The consequence of professional recognition: use of host country professional title, access to the host country profession Possible risk: public health or safety The consequence of academic recognition: Access to the host country study Possible risk: the student is not prepared to further studies (no public health or safety implications)

  16. A bad experience if the competent authorities designated badly Nostrification (professional recognition): the Hungarian universities Possible competent authority for professional recognition: the authority regulating the profession (chamber, ministry or state agency)

  17. A bad experience if the competent authorities designated badly Recognition of the level of the secondary school leaving certificates (academic recognition of qualifications giving access to higher education) : the Hungarian Ministry of Education time consuming, costly Possible competent authority for academic recognition: the education establishments

  18. Thanks for your attention! Dr. Mészáros Gábor Ministry of Education and Culture – Hungarian Equivalence and Information Centre 1055 Budapest, Szalay utca 10-14. Phone: (36-1) 473-7325 Fax: (36-1) 332-1932 E-mail: recognition@om.hu Internet: www.naric.hu