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# MAP AND COMPASS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

MAP AND COMPASS. Learning the Basics. MAP AND COMPASS. Where things are and how to get to them Describe the shape of the land Define and locate natural and man made features Distance between two places Direction from one point to another. Topographic Maps. MAP AND COMPASS.

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### MAP AND COMPASS

Learning the Basics

• Where things are and how to get to them

• Describe the shape of the land

• Define and locate natural and man made features

• Distance between two places

• Direction from one point to another

Topographic Maps

TOPOGRAPHIC MAP SYMBOLS

Primary highway

Overpass - Underpass

Secondary highway

Buildings

School -- church

Woodland

Trail

Orchard

Scrub

Well water – spring

Bridge

Rapids

Tunnel

March (swamp)

Falls

Footbridge

Map Problem

It’s July. Let’s suppose you’re starting a hike at A and heading for Q.

PROBLEM

1. For local information or in case of emergency would you go to B, C, or D? Why?

1. C has telephone lines next to it. B is a school and probably closed in summer. D is a cemetery.

PROBLEM

2.The Wahootchee River flows NW to SE. To paddle downstream, would it be safer to launch canoes at E or F. Why?

2. Launch them at F. The map shows rapids between E and F.

PROBLEM

3.Would you cross the river at G or H? Why?

3. Use the footbridge at G. H is a railroad bridge.

PROBLEM

4. Where would you most likely find firewood – I or U? Why?

4. At I. Because I is scrub woods. U is an orchard

Problem

5. Which trail would you take – J or K? Why?

5. K. J goes through a swamp.

PROBLEM

6. Which is the easier way to reach P – Trail L or M? Why?

6. The closer contour lines of M show a steeper climb.

Direction of Travel Arrow

Magnifying Glass

Bearing

Index

Compass needle – Red points North

Orienting Arrow and fluorescent dots

North-south lines or orienting lines

THE SYLVA SYSTEM – Easy as 1-2-3

Point the baseplate to your destination

THE SYLVA SYSTEM – Easy as 1-2-3