Leading to Revolution 8-2.2 Summarize the response of South Carolina to events leading to the American Revolution, including the Stamp Act, the Tea Acts, and the Sons of Liberty.
The Road to Revolution… • Events leading to the American Revolution • British crown and Parliament impose taxes on colonies to pay for F/I War. • Colonists believed was right of their colonial assemblies to impose taxes
French and Indian War Changes Fate of America – YouTube(18:55) Take Notes
The Stamp Act • Most important tax imposed by Parliament (affected all colonies) • Placed a tax/duty on paper • legal documents, playing cards and newspapers colonists paid directly. • Taxes prior to this indirect taxes, paid by the merchants. • Incensed colonists protested “No taxation without representation” • Colonists no representative in Parliament • no colonial voice in Parliament
The Stamp Act • Colonists wanted own colonial assemblies to impose taxes to continue. • Organized Stamp Act Congress • boycott on British goods • led to the repeal of the Stamp Act. • Organized the Sons and Daughters of Liberty in order to protest British taxes.
Sons and Daughters of Liberty • The Sons of Liberty enforced boycotts through persuasion and intimidation. • The Daughters of Liberty engaged in spinning bees (spun own thread and yarn) and refused to buy British products, finding substitutes instead.
British Impose More Taxes • Indirect tax through the Townshend duties • Import taxes on paint, paper, tea, and a variety of other goods. • Colonists unwilling to accept import tax • designed to collect revenue, not regulate trade. • Colonists boycotted and Townshend duties were repealed except for the tax on tea.
The Tea Act • The Tea Act was not a tax • gave British East India Company exclusive rights to sell tea in colonies • Parliament wanted to help company • Parliament—legislature of Great Britain • Colonists boycotting tea because of tax imposed under Townshend Acts.
The Tea Act • The Sons of Liberty feared availability of cheap tea would threaten effectiveness of boycott. • In Boston they threw tea overboard. (Boston Tea Party) • Resulted in passage of the Intolerable Acts. • Colonists sent delegates to a Continental Congress in order to address the problem of the Intolerable Acts.
The Continental Congress • 1774, representatives from across South Carolina met in Charles Town • to elect representatives to the Continental Congress to be held in Philadelphia. • also established a General Committee of 99 to govern the colony instead of the royal governor.
The Continental Congress • Under leadership of Henry Middleton of SC • was elected its president • established a non-importation and non-exportation agreement (a colony wide prohibition against any trade with Great Britain) • SC delegates successfully argued rice was essential to survival of colony, trade in rice was allowed.
“The shot heard ‘round the world” • After Lexington and Concord, Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. • Lexington and Concord—1st military engagement of American Revolutionary War