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Kalaignar Housing Scheme. K.Ashok Vardhan Shetty, IAS Principal Secretary to Govt., Municipal Administration & Water Supply Department Tamil Nadu 30.9.2010. Tamil Nadu – basic facts. 32 Districts, including Chennai Urban District. 385 Blocks 12,618 Village Panchayats

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kalaignar housing scheme

Kalaignar Housing Scheme

K.Ashok Vardhan Shetty, IAS

Principal Secretary to Govt.,

Municipal Administration & Water Supply Department

Tamil Nadu


tamil nadu basic facts
Tamil Nadu – basic facts
  • 32 Districts, including Chennai Urban District.
  • 385 Blocks
  • 12,618 Village Panchayats
  • About 85,000 Habitations
  • Rural Population – about 3.6 Crores (2001 Census)
  • Integrated Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Department, with full-fledged Engineering Wing
  • 1,20,000 PRI Representatives
  • 1,02,000 Staff
census definitions
Census Definitions
  • Permanent Houses – both walls & roof made of permanent materials.
    • e.g. Walls made of burnt bricks, stone, concrete, etc.,
    • Roof made of tiles, concrete, G.I., metal, Asbestos sheets, etc.
  • Temporary Houses – both walls & roof made of temporary materials.
    • e.g. Walls made of mud, unburnt bricks, plastic, bamboo, etc.,
    • Roof made of thatch, bamboo, wood, mud, plastic, etc.
  • Semi-permanent Houses – either wall or roof made of temporary materials, and the other made of permanent materials
temporary houses in tamil nadu census 2001
Temporary Houses in Tamil Nadu – Census 2001
  • 23% of households in Tamil Nadu live in temporary houses
  • All India average – 18%
  • Rural TN – 33% (1/3rd)
  • Urban TN – 10% (1/10th)
huts in rural tamil nadu
Huts in Rural Tamil Nadu
  • Estimate of number of Huts to be replaced
    • Census 2001 figures
    • Less IAY Allocations
    • Add for natural growth rate
  • 21 Lakhs, over a six-year period under State funds
indira awaas yojana allocation to tamil nadu
IndiraAwaasYojanaAllocation to Tamil Nadu
  • Relying upon IAY alone will take over 30 Years to clear the backlog.
kalaignar housing scheme10
Kalaignar Housing Scheme
  • As an add-on to IAY, and much larger in scope and scale.
  • Tamil Nadu – the first hut-free State in the country by 2016.
  • By far the largest State-funded Scheme, with an annual outlay of Rs.2,250 crores (3,00,000 houses).
  • 2nd largest Scheme implemented by the State, next only to MGNREGS-TN with a labour budget of Rs.2900 crores.
kalaignar housing scheme contd
Kalaignar Housing Scheme (contd.)
  • Replacing all Huts with Thatched Roof, irrespective of the type of the wall, with permanent houses over a 6-year period, 2011-16.
  • Only huts with proper title – liberal interpretation of title
  • In situ construction; alternative sites also provided.
  • About 200 square feet, RCC roof, and separate toilet – Rs.75,000 unit cost.
points to ponder
Points to Ponder
  • Should selection of beneficiary depend on BPL Status (like IAY),


on Status of Housing?

  • Estimate of Huts,


Enumeration of all Huts?

points to ponder contd
Points to Ponder (contd.)
  • Allocation to one-sixth of the Village Panchayats each year, covering all the huts in these Village Panchayats,


Allocation to all Village Panchayats, covering one-sixth of the Huts?

  • Selection of beneficiary – by the Village Panchayat,



enumeration of all huts
Enumeration of all Huts
  • Need to freeze number and list of huts as on the cut-off date (1.1.2010).
  • Pilot Survey conducted @ one Village Panchayat per Block (385 Blocks) in the State.
  • Main Survey in all Village Panchayats in the State.
  • Conducted during April – May, 2010.
enumeration of all huts contd
Enumeration of all Huts (contd.)
  • 3-member Enumeration Team, comprised of:
    • Village Administrative Officer;
    • Makkal Nala Paniyalar; and
    • Village Panchayat Assistant.
  • Enumeration as a ‘team’, not individually.
  • 3-member team mandatory.
  • Super-checking Official: Deputy BDO / Deputy Tahsildar/ equivalent.
enumeration of all huts contd16
Enumeration of all Huts (contd.)
  • Intensive cascaded training
    • State level : Collectors, District Revenue Officers, Project Directors, DRDA.
    • District level : Deputy Collectors, Assistant Directors, Tahsildars, BDOs as Master Trainers.
    • Block level : Enumeration Teams and Super-checking officials.
enumeration of all huts contd17
Enumeration of all Huts (contd.)
  • Enumeration Register capturing
    • Details about the Household.
    • Details about the Hut.
    • Details about the House-site.
  • Enumeration guidelines printed in each Register for ready reference.
  • Signature of the resident taken.
  • Eligibility determined and recorded by the Enumeration Team, Super-checking Official independently.
enumeration of all huts contd18
Enumeration of all Huts (contd.)
  • Best Practices
    • ‘Vetting’ of Enumeration Registers after one day of Enumeration
    • Daily Progress of Enumeration monitored at State level
    • Software designed to check mismatch between eligibility as determined by the Enumeration Team, and eligibility as determined by the Software.
eligibility criteria
Eligibility Criteria
  • Based on Ownership of land, and availability of ‘Identifiers’.
  • Land: Clear Title, Questionable Title, Land belonging to religious institutions, Unobjectionable Poramboke Land, Objectionable Poramboke Land.
  • Identifiers: Part No. & Serial No. in the May 2009 Parliamentary Electoral Roll, Ration card number, TNEB Service Connection Number, House Tax Assessment Number.
eligibility criteria contd
Eligibility Criteria (contd)
  • Huts classified as
    • Eligible
    • Conditionally Eligible
    • Ineligible
  • Determined by Enumeration Team.
  • Independently determined by Super-checking Official.
  • Finally determined by Software.
Enumeration ResultsNo. of Huts enumerated in each District(10 Districts with more than 1 lakh huts each)
Enumeration ResultsNo. of Huts enumerated in each District(10 Districts with 25 thousand -1 lakh huts each)
Enumeration ResultsNo. of Huts enumerated in each District(11 Districts with less than 25 thousand huts each)
2 nd round of field verification
2nd round of Field Verification
  • Photograph of every hut with the resident standing in front, holding a board containing a new door number and serial number in the Enumeration Register.
  • Photograph affixed on software-generated Application-cum-Verification form, and signature of resident taken.
  • Collection of copies of title deed and other documents.
role of information technology
Role of Information Technology
  • Web-based Software developed with the assistance of NIC.
  • Stage 1: All entries from the Enumeration Registers entered into the KHS Database.
    • Distributed web-based data entry from 385 Blocks.
  • Stage 2: Onscreen Comparison and Confirmation, to ensure that the Database is an exact replica of the Enumeration Registers
role of information technology contd
Role of Information Technology (contd.)
  • Generation of Application-cum-Verification Forms for 2nd Round of Field Visits.
  • Generation of list of beneficiaries.
  • Generation of individual work orders.
  • Generation of lists of huts for follow-up action, like issue of pattas etc.
allocation of permanent houses
Allocation of Permanent Houses
  • To each Village Panchayat: a fixed component of 10 houses, plus a variable component in proportion to number of Eligible Huts.
  • Variable Component: to allot houses in proportion to the demand.
  • Fixed Component: so that Village Panchayats with few huts can be covered completely in the first or second year itself.
allocation of permanent houses contd
Allocation of Permanent Houses (contd.)
  • Within each Village Panchayat : Sub-allocation to each Community (ST,SC,MBC,BC,OC) in proportion to the number of Eligible Huts.
    • To ensure inter-Community equity.
    • IAY: 60% of Houses allotted to SCs/STs, causing heart-burn to non-SC/STs.
allocation of permanent houses contd35
Allocation of Permanent Houses (contd.)
  • Within each Community : Habitations arranged in descending order of number of Eligible Huts of the Community, and sub-allocation of permanent houses done.
    • To ensure certainty and transparency in the priority of selection.
    • Systematic coverage of the habitations with more number of huts, for greater impact and ease of implementation.
selection of beneficiaries
Selection of Beneficiaries
  • Within each Habitation : A simple, fair, transparent and automatic process for selection of beneficiaries.
  • Beneficiaries selected in ascending order of Door Number as per the May 2009 Parliamentary Electoral Roll.
  • Selection of all 3 lakh beneficiaries done using the Software specially developed by NIC.
  • If selection had not been done in this manner – political bickering, litigation, delays of 3 to 6 months.
issue of work orders
Issue of Work Orders
  • List of Eligible Huts generated by the Software, and placed before Grama Sabha for information on 15.8.2010 and 22.8.2010.
  • Work Orders generated by the Software, and issued to the beneficiaries from 26.8.2010.
construction of houses
Construction of Houses
  • Implemented by RD & PR Department.
  • Construction by Beneficiaries themselves.
  • Cement, Steel– supplied Departmentally.
  • 60 bags of cement, 155 kg steel.
  • Bricks
    • co-ordinated by Collectors.
    • Firm orders – lead to reduced prices.
    • Additional Brick Kilns by SHGs.
  • Sand - Additional Quarries opened in each Block exclusively for the Scheme.
construction of houses contd
Construction of Houses (contd.)
  • Masons
    • Mason apprentices trained under various Schemes.
  • Measurements taken by Overseers (Basement, Lintel level, Roof Laid stage and upon Completion).
  • Bills passes at Block Offices.
  • Payments done to beneficiaries’ Bank Accounts by the Village Panchayats.
the next steps
The Next Steps
  • Issue of Eligibility card to all Eligible Huts to be covered over the next 5 years
  • Huts put up on Government poramboke lands – House site as well as permanent house to be allotted