Calendar History. What is the calendar?. The calendar is a system of arranging the year into days, weeks and months. No one knows who invented the first calendar. No one knows when the first calendar was invented. Notched bones recording moon phases have been found in Africa and Europe.
The calendar is a system of arranging the year into days, weeks and months.
No one knows when the first calendar was invented.
Notched bones recording moon phases have been found in Africa and Europe.
They are from 20,500 B. C. WOW, that’s old!
There are over 30 different calendars used in the world today!
we get the calendar
we use today?
The Egyptians based their calendar on the sun because of their belief in the sun god Ra.
He wanted a new calendar for his empire.
He picked the Egyptian calendar and changed it a little bit.
Julius Caesar expanded the Roman empire until it covered parts of Africa, Asia and Europe.
As the empire grew, the calendar went with it.
That is why European countries use this calendar.
The USA was settled by European colonists who brought the calendar with them.
January- the Roman god Janus
February- the Roman purification festival
March- the Roman god Mars
April- the old Roman calendar month of Aprilis
May- the Roman goddess Maia
June- the Roman goddess Juno
August- named for the Roman emperor Augustus
September- from the Latin septem which means seven
October- from the Latin octo or eight
November- from the Latin nove or nine
December- from the Latin decem or ten
So why does the ninth month mean seven, the tenth month mean eight, the eleventh month mean nine and the twelfth month mean ten?
Julius Caesar’s calendar started with the month of March and ended with the month of February.
That’s really strange, isn’t it?
The Catholic Pope Gregory XIII (the thirteenth) changed the calendar again in 1582.
Julius Caesar had counted wrong and the leap years needed to be changed or Easter would be in the middle of the summer!
of the Week
the sun’s day
English for Mars’ day
Mars was the Roman god of war
Twi was the old English god of war
English for Mercury’s day
Mercury was the Roman god of peace and prosperity
Wotan was the old English god of peace and prosperity
English for Jupiter’s day
Jupiter was the king of the Roman gods
Thor was the old English thunder god
English for Venus’ day
Venus was the Roman goddess of love
Frigg was the old English goddess of love
Saturn was the Roman god of planting and harvest