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Percussion. Family. Family Characteristics. Strike, strum or shake instrument for sound Made from metal, wood, or stretched membrane (animal hides) Pitched or unpitched. Snare Drum. Originally called the sidedrum, because the

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family characteristics
  • Strike, strum or shake

instrument for sound

  • Made from metal, wood, or

stretched membrane

(animal hides)

  • Pitched or unpitched
snare drum
Snare Drum
  • Originally called the sidedrum, because the

player would carry it around his waist and

played off to the side.

  • Shaped like a cylinder, with skin stretched over its top.
  • The "snare“ is a set of wires or strings strung across

the bottom of the drum. This rattling helps to produce

the snare drum's special sound.

  • Good at playing "rolls” and other fancy rhythms
  • Sometimes the snare is turned off, to make a dull thud sound. (tom tom)
  • Snare drums, like bass drums, do not have a definite pitch (unpitched)
bass drum
Bass Drum
  • Largest drum in the percussion family
  • Play a low sound
  • It can sound loud and thundering, and sometimes quiet and almost invisible.
  • used in both orchestras and bands.
  • In an orchestra, it is placed on a stand. In a marching band, it hangs from a harness that the player wears while marching
  • Played with a soft beater
  • Unpitched
  • Thin metal disks that are clashed together or struck with sticks to produce a sound.
  • They come in many sizes. There are tiny finger cymbals, and there are the large and deafening orchestral cymbals.
  • Can sound soft and delicate, or loud and harsh
  • They are used in almost every type of music, from orchestral music to rock.
  • Unpitched
  • Unpitched
  • The triangle is a simple steel rod bent into the shape of a triangle
  • While the triangle is among the smallest of orchestra instruments, it has a very clear and shimmering sound that cuts through even the loudest music.
  • The triangle's pitch is not distinct, and its tone varies according to how hard, you strike it.
  • Different sizes
  • Big triangles are louder than little ones.
  • Unpitched
  • Sometimes called the kettle drum
  • often made of copper
  • They have a piece of calfskin or thin plastic stretched over their opening. This is called a drum head.
  • They are usually played in pairs - sometimes in threes or fours - because each drum is tuned to a different pitch
  • Timpanists can change the pitch of each drum by pressing their foot on a pedal at the base of the drum.
  • Pitched
  • A xylophone is a set of wooden bars, mounted on a frame.
  • The bars, each tuned to a different pitch, are beaten with sticks.
  • Most xylophones have tubes or gourds below each bar to increase the volume of the sound.
  • The biggest xylophones have almost 50 wooden bars. The wooden bars are arranged like a piano keyboard.
  • Gives a bright and sharp sound; soft beaters make the sound more gentle
  • Pitched
percussion family sound
Percussion Family Sound
  • Percussion instruments sound are produced by hitting/shaking/striking the instrument with hands/sticks/mallets which cause the instrument to vibrate and the sound to resonate in the body.
  • The xylophone is one of the few percussion instruments that can produce different pitches; the wooden bars are arranged just like a piano’s keys. The smaller bars make the higher notes. Some drums can be tuned to a specific pitch, but usually the drums are assigned to keep the beat and play the rhythm of the music
what have you learned essential questions
What have you learned?Essential Questions
  • How are instruments grouped?
  • What are three characteristics for each instrument family?
  • How do string instruments produce a sound?
  • How do brass instruments produce a sound?
  • How do woodwind instruments produce around?
  • How do percussion instruments produce a sound?
  • What other timbres can be heard in music?
review vocabulary
  • Timbre (Tone Color)-is the special sound each instrument or voice makes
  • Orchestra-a group of musicians performing on string, brass, woodwind and percussion instruments (about 100 members)
  • String Instruments-produce sound by vibrating strings such as plucking, bowing, or striking.
  • Brass Instruments-tone is produced by vibration of the lips as the player blows into the cupped mouthpiece.
  • Woodwind Instruments-sound is produced by a vibrating reed or a fixed mouthpiece, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument or by placing fingers on or off the holes.
  • Percussion Instruments-can be any object which produces a sound by being struck, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any action which makes the object vibrate.
fun instrument websites
Fun Instrument Websites