Italics vs. Quotation Marks. Chapter 27 – Other punctuation. In General…. ITALICS (underlining). QUOTATION MARKS. Books Plays Long Poems Periodicals Works of Art Films Radio/TV Series Long Musical Works Videos Video & Computer Games Comic Strips. Titles/Subtitles of short stories
Italics vs. Quotation Marks Chapter 27 – Other punctuation
In General… ITALICS (underlining) QUOTATION MARKS • Books • Plays • Long Poems • Periodicals • Works of Art • Films • Radio/TV Series • Long Musical Works • Videos • Video & Computer Games • Comic Strips • Titles/Subtitles of short stories • Short poems • Essays • Articles • Parts of songs • Episode titles (TV/Radio) • Chapters/parts of books
In addition… ITALICS (underlining) QUOTATION MARKS • Trains – Orient Express • Ships • Aircraft – Enola Gay • Spacecraft – Challenger • Words, letters, symbols referred to • Foreign words • Slang words • Invented words • Technical terms • Dictionary definitions • Any Expressions unusal to English • Direct quotations
Direct Quotations • Use “…” to enclose EXACT words from a speaker or text • Generally begins with a CAPITAL letter • Unless writing only PART of the quoted sentence • The speaker stated that the corpse was “a vile thing.” • Unless a quoted sentence is interrupted, the 2nd part is lowercase • “Please read through chapter 13,” explained Mrs. Krabill, “and we will have a discussion tomorrow.” • Set off from rest of sentence with a comma, question mark, or exclamation. NOT A PERIOD!
Direct Quotations (con’t) • Other punctuation rules for direct quotes • Commas and periods are placed INSIDE closing quotes • Semicolons and colons are placed OUTSIDE closing quotes • Question marks and exclamation points are dependent on if they are part of the quote or not • My mom asked me, “Are you getting up today?” • “Did MLK, Jr., say, ‘I have a dream’?”
Direct Quotations (con’t) • Dialogue: direct quotes between two or more people = change paragraphs for each new speaker • When direct quote is more than one paragraph, use a quote at the beginning of each AND at the end of the whole thing. • Examples – pg. 362 • Use single quotes for a quote in a quote • The teacher said, “Please tell me what Victor meant when he said, ‘I felt the bitterness of disappointment’.”