定语从句复习 Sheryl 新东方中学部
关系1：作主语 1.A teacherlikethe North Starthatguides students from being lost. 2.Kanwho is deeply loved by histigeress wife is totally controlled as a dog. the North Star= that Kan =who
Kan told us the reason that may explain his skin and bone with tears full of his eyes. • who (人) • that (人,物) • which (物)
关系2：作宾语 Lady Gaga is treated as a stylish role model of fashion area. Boran dreamt about her last night. Lady Gaga whom Boran dreams about every night is treated as a stylish role model of fashion area.
关系3：作状语 Ghost City of Fengduwhere zambies used to live is Kan's hometown. There are many reasonswhy people like traveling.
关系4：所属关系 • Shanshan whose cookingis the best in New Oriental School cooks as well as a professional cooker. Shanshan's=whose
考点归纳 • 1. the way作先行词 • 2. 介词+which/whom • 3. 只能用that • 4. vt /vi 关系词的选择 • 5. as/which区别 • 6. where引导的定从 • 7. when 引导的定从 • 8. 非谓语在定从中的应用
1 way 作先行词 • This is the way (in which/that) he did that. 这就是他做那事的方法。 状语 • This is the way that/which/ is reasonable. 这就是那个很有道理的方法。 主语 • This is the way (that/which) he raised. 这就是他提出来的方法。 宾语
1 What surprised me was not what he said but _____ he said it. • A. the way B. in the way that • C. in the way D. the way which • 2 That was the way ____ the old woman looked after us. • A / B that • C in which D all of the above
3 Do it any way ____ you like to (do). • A which B in which • C by which D on which • 4 This is not the way ____ we come last time. • A which B that • C in which D by which
2介词+which/whom The man whom you spoke was a scientist. The city which she lives is far away. to in
练习 1. Do you like the bookshe spent $10? 2. Do you like the book she paid $10? 3. Do you like the bookshe learned a lot? 4. Do you like the book she often talks? 5. He built a telescopehe could study the skies. on which for which from which about which through which
1The science of medicine, _____ progress has been very rapid lately, is perhaps the most important of all the sciences. • A to which B in which • C which D with which • 2The boy made a hole in the wall, _____ he could see what was going on inside the house. • A on which B at which • C through which D in which
3The workers produced 200,000 TV sets, ___ are of great quality. • A most of them B most of which • C most of that D which of most 4She likes to use words ___ is not very clear. • A the meaning of whom • B of whose meaning • C of which the meaning • D meaning of which
5 There you’ll see two buildings, __________________ stands nearly 120 feet . • 6There you’ll see two buildings. ________________________________ stands nearly 120 feet.
3只能用that的情况 1.当先行词是不定代词时,如: All ,few, little, much, every, something, anything, everything, 等 2.当先行词被the only, the very, the same, little, few, no, any等修饰时 3.当人和物合做先行词时 4.当先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时 5.在疑问词who、which、what开头的句子中
4 vt/vi 关系词的选择 • 定从中谓语动词为vt 常考缺宾 • vi 常考缺状 • 缺宾语：whom/which/that • 缺状语：先行词为时间则用 when/介+which • 先行词为地点则用 where/介+which • 先行词为原因则用 why/for which
1. Do you still remeber the day _____ we first met at school? • A which B on that • C when D in which • 2. I will still remeber the day _____ we spent together in Beijing. • A when B during which • C in which D /
2. He told me the date _____ he joined the Party, _____ he would never forget. • A when, which B when, when • C on which D which, which • 3. This is the factory _______ your father worked last year. • A. that B. which C. where D. when
4. This is the factory _______ your father worked in last year? • A. that B. when C. where D. who • 5. This is the factory ______ your father visited last year? • A. that B. when C. where D. who