Information Processing Child Development PSY 356 Dr. Schuetze - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Information Processing Child Development PSY 356 Dr. Schuetze PowerPoint Presentation
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Information Processing Child Development PSY 356 Dr. Schuetze

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  1. Information ProcessingChild DevelopmentPSY 356Dr. Schuetze

  2. Information Processing Model

  3. Information Processing • Sensory Memory • fraction of a second • iconic and echoic • Short-term Memory • duration: 2-30 seconds • capacity: 7+2 pieces of information • maintenance rehearsal • chunking • interference

  4. Information Processing • Long-term Memory • relatively permanent storage of information • encoding • elaborative rehearsal • recognition memory • recall memory

  5. Elaborative Rehearsal

  6. Implicit and Explicit Memory • In LTM • Implicit memory • Unintentional and automatic • Stable through lifespan • Explicit memory • Deliberate and effortful • Recognition and recall tests • Increases until old age

  7. Development of Memory: Infancy • Recognition memory: foot-kick paradigm • Recall memory

  8. Child Learning and Memory – Why memory improves • Basic capacities • Faster, more efficient processing • Storage capacity stable • Automaticity • Strategies improve • Rehearsal by age 7 • Organization by age 10 • Elaboration later

  9. Metamemory • Knowledge of memory • Memory monitoring and regulation • Evidence by age 2 • Unrealistic estimations • Accuracy by age 6 • Linked to improved memory