basic ruby syntax n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Basic Ruby Syntax PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Basic Ruby Syntax

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Basic Ruby Syntax - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 89 Views
  • Uploaded on

Basic Ruby Syntax. No variable declarations. sum = 0 i = 1 while i <= 10 do sum += i * i i = i + 1 end puts "Sum of squares is #{sum}
". Newline is statement separator. do ... end instead of { ... }. Optional parentheses in method invocation. Substitution in string value.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Basic Ruby Syntax


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Basic Ruby Syntax No variable declarations sum = 0 i = 1 whilei <= 10 do sum += i*i i = i + 1 end puts "Sum of squares is #{sum}\n" Newline is statement separator do ... end instead of { ... } Optional parentheses in method invocation Substitution instring value CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    2. Ruby String Syntax • Single quotes (only \' and \\) 'Bill\'s "personal" book' • Double quotes (many escape sequences) "Found #{count} errors\nAborting job\n" • %q (similar to single quotes) %q<Nesting works: <b>Hello</b>> • %Q (similar to double quotes) %Q|She said "#{greeting}"\n| • “Here documents” <<END First line Second line END CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    3. Arrays and Hashes x = Array.new x << 10 x[0] = 99 y = ["Alice", 23, 7.3] x[1] = y[1] + y[-1] person = Hash.new person["last_name"] = "Rodriguez" person[:first_name] = "Alice" order = {"item" => "Corn Flakes", "weight" => 18} order = {:item => "Corn Flakes", :weight => 18} order = {item: "Corn Flakes", weight: 18} CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    4. Variable Names and Scopes foo Local variable $foo Global variable @foo Instance variable in object @@foo Class variable MAX_USERS “Constant” (by convention) CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    5. Ruby Statements if x < 10 then ... elsifx < 20 ... else ... end while x < 10 do ... end array = [14, 22, 34, 46, 92] for value in array do ... end CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    6. Factorial deffac(x) if x <= 1 then return 1 end return x*fac(x-1) end CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    7. Arguments: Defaults, Variable # definc(value, amount=1) value+amount end defmax(first, *rest) max = first for x in rest do if (x > max) then max = x end end return max end CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    8. Keyword Arguments defcreate_widget(size, properties) ... end create_widget(6, {:id => "table22", :class => "Cart"}) create_widget(6, :id => "table22", :class => "Cart") create_widget(6, id: "table22", class: "Cart") CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    9. Blocks, Iterators, Yield odd_numbers(3) do |i| print(i, "\n") end defodd_numbers(count) number = 1 while count > 0 do yield(number) number += 2 count -= 1 end end Block: code passedto method Invoke method’s block CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    10. Iterators are Reusable defsum_odd(count) sum = 0 odd_numbers(count) do |i| sum += i end return sum end defodd_numbers(count) number = 1 while count > 0 do yield(number) number += 2 count -= 1 end end CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    11. Equivalent Code array = [14, 22, 34, 46, 92] for value in array do print(value, "\n") end array = [14, 22, 34, 46, 92]; array.eachdo |value| print(value, "\n") end CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    12. Simple Class class Point definitialize(x, y) @x = x @y = y end defx @x end defx=(value) @x = value end end p = Point.new(3,4) puts "p.x is #{p.x}" p.x= 44 CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    13. Module Example New methods available in MyClass: min, max, sort, map, select, ... classMyClass include Enumerable ... defeach ... end end CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby

    14. CS 142 Lecture Notes: Ruby