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Paper organization

Paper organization

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Paper organization

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  1. Paper organization • Title page* • Acknowledgements* • Abstract* • Introduction • Materials and methods • Results • Discussion* • References* • Tables* • Figure captions* • Figures * Insert a page break after these sections

  2. Title page • Choose a short, informative title (e.g. The distribution of diatoms in Whidbey and the Main Basins of Puget Sound) • Name and scientific address of author Mark J. Warner University of WashingtonSchool of Oceanography, Box 355351Seattle WA 98195-5351 • Running header (e.g. Diatoms in Puget Sound) • Page numbers start here

  3. Acknowledgements • This is your chance to say thanks to those who helped you (e.g. captain and crew, classmates, instructors, etc.). Many funding agencies mandate that you acknowledge their financial support here. • Separate page from other sections

  4. Abstract • Describes the results rather than announcing them. “Growth rates ranged between 3.4 and 6.2 mg C L-1 d-1” -vs.- “Growth rates were measured”. • Contains brief methods • Contains interpretations • This is your hook to get people to read your paper • Separate page from other sections

  5. References • On a separate page from discussion • Listed alphabetically • Comply with L&O format: (Baker et al. 1983; Brandes and Devol 1997) Baker E.T., G.A. Cannon and H.C.J. Curl. 1983. Particle transport processes in a small marine bay. J. Geophy. Res. 88: 9661-9669. Brandes J.A. and A.H. Devol. 1997. Isotopic fractionation of oxygen and nitrogen in coastal marine sediments. Geochim. Cosmochimm. Acta 61: 1793-1801. • The use of capital letters in the title is limited to the first letter of the title and proper nouns only, the journal title is abbreviated but not italicized, and the issue is in bold. • Websites - Only .gov and .edu are allowed in Ocean 220. They are cited in the text and not in the references.

  6. Station 52 depth salinity 1 43 28.5436733 2 30.1741478 29.4599832 3 126 31.9541645 4 203 5 14 26.3428540 station Depth (m) Salinity 1 43 28.53 2 52 29.45 3 126 31.95 4 203 30.17 5 14 26.34 Tables • The legend is with the table. • Tables have only three lines: Table 1. Some results based on the stuff I did on the boat. No. Yes

  7. Figure captions • Complete sentences or at least clear clauses. • Go on a separate piece of paper from the actual figure. • All the Fig. captions can be on the same page. • Symbols or colors used in the figure (e.g., circles, squares, ...) are explained in a key on the figure itself rather than in the caption.

  8. Figures • A common cause of trouble…

  9. Figures • 1 figure per page, 1 page per figure. • Note: a figure can have more than 1 panel in it. • Limit of 7 figures (or less) per manuscript • Figure number written on the FRONT of each figure, • Figures are submitted at ~twice the size that they will appear when printed and lines are of proper thickness to be successfully reduced. • Font: Times New Roman; Point Size: 9 to 11; use Symbol font for mathematical or Greek symbols

  10. Presentation Tips • Be considerate of other speakers by sticking to your allotted time (4.5 minutes) • Prepare your presentation in advance to ensure that it is logically organized and your points clear. It must be loaded onto the computer in 425 OSB prior to the class! • Take time to rehearse your presentation. If it is long, remove non-essential material (as opposed to speaking more quickly). • Give an opening statement. Speak slowly and clearly. Use active words and short sentences. • Speak toward the audience. Do not slouch on the podium. Do not read from notecards.

  11. Preparation of Graphics • Graphics should be well-designed, simple, and legible • Use as few graphics as possible for the time allotted. As a general rule, use one graphic for each minute. • Presentations are most readable on a dark background (e.g., blue) and bright lettering (e.g., yellow or white, not black). Step back 8-10 feet from your computer screen to check on legibility. • Avoid small fonts, and break up a complex slide into a series of slides. • Devote each graphic to a single fact, idea, or finding. Illustrate major points or trends, not detailed data. Leave it on the screen for at least 20 seconds. • Use minimum number of words in titles, subtitles, & captions.

  12. Preparation of Graphics (cont.) • Use bold characters instead of fancy fonts. • Tables should not have more than 3 or 4 vertical columns or more than 6-8 horizontal rows. Avoid vertical and horizontal rules. Whenever possible, use charts or graphs instead of tables. • Colored graphs are very effective. Color adds attractiveness, interest, and clarity to illustrations. • Examine each graphic under a variety of lighting conditions. Avoid yellow lines on a white background • An introductory and concluding slide can greatly improve the focus of your talk. Acknowledge those who helped.

  13. Potential Temperature in Port Susan

  14. Conclusions • The ratio of nitrate to phosphate does not follow the Redfield ratio throughout Port Susan. Instead the ratio of nitrate to phosphate in my samples is 10 instead of 16. • I believe there must be an additional source of phosphate to account for this difference because that’s what was reported by Duxbury(1971) . • Other estuaries have non-Redfield nutrients. Here is a list of them all.

  15. Grading • 10 points total • Content – 4 points – Is the author’s work scientifically valid? Are the data presented to support the science? • Organization – 2 points – Is the talk structured in a logical fashion? • Presentation – 3 points – Are the slides legible? Are there typos? Is the author reading from notecards or the slides? Talk loaded beforehand? • Timing – 1 point – 4.5 min ± 0.5 min?