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Lesson Objectives At the end of this lesson you should be able to: understand what scholars mean by the term New Religious Movement reflect on the appeal of NRMs for some people. appreciate the many and varied types of people who are interested in NRMs.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Lesson Objectives

At the end of this lesson you should be able to:

  • understand what scholars mean by the term New Religious Movement
  • reflect on the appeal of NRMs for some people.
  • appreciate the many and varied types of people who are interested in NRMs.
  • consider and understand the features used to identify a NRM.

New Religious Movements

slide2

New Religious Movements

  • The term was introduced in the 1980s by scholars as an alternative to the older term cult, which during the 1970s became a negative term, and was used in a prejudiced way by some critics to discredit and belittle belief systems they saw as unusual or anti-Christian.
  • Some scholars use the term "new religious movement" (NRM) to describe any non-mainstream religion. Other scholars use NRM for the majority of harmless, alternative religions, and reserve "cult" to label groups—whether religious, psychotherapeutic, political or commercial—they believe to be extremely manipulative and exploitative.
  • While there is no one criteria for when a group is described as a "new" religious movement, it usually refers to ‘of recent origin’ and ‘different from existing religions’.
baha i

New Religious Movements

  • Members
  • Britain: 6,000
  • World: 6,000,000 (1999)

Baha’i

slide4

New Religious Movements

ISKCON

  • Members
  • Britain: 10,000
  • World: 1,000,000 (1998)
slide5

New Religious Movements

The Family

  • Members
  • Britain: 290 (1995)
  • World: 10,183 (1999)
slide6

New Religious Movements

Rastafarians

  • Members
  • Britain: 5,000 (1987)
  • World: 700,000 (1998)
slide7

New Religious Movements

Sai Baba

  • Members
  • Britain: 4,000
  • World: 10,000,000 (1999)
slide8

New Religious Movements

Scientology

  • Members
  • Britain: 300,000 (1987)
  • World: 1,000,000 – 8,000,000 (1999)
slide9

New Religious Movements

Soka Gakkai

  • Members
  • Britain: 5,000
  • World: 12,000,000 (1996)

[Courtney Love and Orlando Bloom]

slide10

New Religious Movements

Theosophy

  • Members
  • Britain: 1,000
  • World: 34,000 (1998)
slide11

New Religious Movements

Transcendental Meditation

  • Members
  • Britain: 150,000
  • World: 3,000,000 (1999)
slide12

New Religious Movements

Jehovah’s Witnesses

  • Members
  • Britain: 214,351
  • World: 13,896,312 (1998)
slide13

New Religious Movements

Heaven’s Gate

  • Members
  • World: 39 deceased
  • San Diego(1997)
slide14

New Religious Movements

People’s Temple

  • Members
  • World: 919 deceased Guyana (1978)
slide15

New Religious Movements

Branch Davidians

  • Members
  • World: 82 deceased
  • Waco Texas(1993)
slide16

Old Religious Movements

Masada Jews

960 Jews committed suicide in the 1st Century C.E. at Masada in Israel.

They did this because the Romans were about to defeat them.

slide17

New Religious Movements

Jesus Army

  • Members
  • Britain: 2,600
  • Outside Britain: nil (1999)
slide18

New Religious Movements

Osho

  • Members
  • Britain: 600 - 3,000
  • World: 200,000 (1999)
slide19

New Religious Movements

est

  • Members
  • Britain: 8,000 (1987)
  • World: 1,000,000 (1996)
slide20

New Religious Movements

Christian Science

  • Members
  • Britain: no figures
  • World: 400,000 (1998)
slide21

New Religious Movements

Latter-day Saints

Mormonism

  • Members
  • Britain: 180,000
  • World: 10,000,000 (1999)
slide22

New Religious Movements

Kabbalah Centre

  • Members
  • Claims 1,000,000 new followers every year
slide23

OPV

Why do you think people would join a New Religious Movement?

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slide24

Use sheet ‘Key beliefs’ from class.

  • On VLE open sheet that says ‘Key Beliefs Info’. – CODE: NRM
  • Fill in Engrams, Exteriorization and Bridge.
  • Also watch Panorama video on VLE link week 2.
  • Also respond to that video on the VLE clicking ‘9E Panorama Documentary Feedback’
HW
slide25

HW:

Research and bring in any information About Scientology.