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Main Points - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Main Points. The most important, comprehensive ideas in a speech To identify your main points Review your research Identify the ideas that must be developed for your speech to make sense Review your thesis statement Identify the distinct ideas in the thesis statement

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Presentation Transcript
main points
Main Points
  • The most important, comprehensive ideas in a speech
  • To identify your main points
    • Review your research
      • Identify the ideas that must be developed for your speech to make sense
    • Review your thesis statement
      • Identify the distinct ideas in the thesis statement
  • Identify no less than two and no more than four main points
patterns of organization
Patterns of Organization
  • Chronological: speeches trace a sequence of events or ideas over time.
  • Spatial order: ideas are arranged in terms of location or direction.
patterns of organization1
Patterns of Organization
  • Causal: describe a cause and effect relationship (two main points).
  • Problem and solution: identifies a specific problem and offer a possible solution (two main points).
patterns of organization2
Patterns of Organization
  • Topical: allows one to divide a topic into subtopics, each of which addresses a different aspect of the whole topic.
tips for preparing main points
Tips for Preparing Main Points
  • Separate main points
    • Each needs to be a distinct idea
  • Word consistently
  • Balance main points
connectives words and phrases used to link ideas together
Connectives: words and phrases used to link ideas together.
  • Transitions: indicate you are finished with one point, and are moving on to a new one.
  • Internal previews: statement in the body detailing what you plan to cover next.
  • Internal summaries: summarize a point you have already discussed.
connectives
Connectives
  • Signposts: words or statements that tell an audience specifically where you are in a speech.
    • Numbers
    • Phrases of emphasis
    • Questions
three reasons to cite sources
Three Reasons to Cite Sources
  • Citing sources adds credibility to your ideas
  • Citing sources adds to your own credibility
  • Citing sources is ethical
rules for citing sources
Rules for Citing Sources
  • Give credit to others
  • Give specific information about your source
  • Deliver all information accurately
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