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Injury Prevention and Home Accidents Prevention of Disability in Older Person Prof. Dr. Selma KARABEY. Every day around the world, almost 16 000 people die from all types of injuries.
Every day around the world, almost 16 000 people die from all types of injuries.
Musculoskeletal injuries are injuries occurringto the neck, spine, pelvis, and extremities;
sprains and strains,
motor vehicle crashes,
repetitive workplace injuries.
Each year estimated that424 000 individuals die from falls globally of which over 80% are in low- and middle-income countries.
Over 50% of deaths are among young adults in the age range of 15–44 years .
Older women and younger children are especially prone to falls and increased injury severity.
The Australian researchers examined the effect of vitamin D supplementation in 625 residents of 149 residential care facilities for a period of two years.
Effective fall prevention programmes aim to reduce the number of people who fall, the rate of falls and the severity of injury should a fall occur.
home assessment and environmental modification for those with known risk factors or a history of falling;
For children, effective interventions include multifaceted community programmes; engineering modifications of nursery furniture, playground equipment, and other products; and legislation for the use of window guards.
Among the behavioural strategiesthat have been shown to increase thelikelihood that a person will sustain a newbehaviour are the following:
• Securing social support from familyand friends.
• Promoting the participant’s self-efficacyand perceived competence.
• Providing older persons with activechoices that are tailored to their personalneeds and preferences.
• Encouraging older persons to committo an intervention by developing healthcontracts and/or goal statements thatinclude realistic and measurable plansof action with specified health goals.
• Concerns for safety are identified as abarrier to changing behaviour by manyolder adults.
• Providing regular and accurate performancefeedback can assist older adultsin developing realistic expectationsabout their own progress.
Bybuilding on the three pillars of falls prevention,the model proposes specific strategiesfor:
1. building awareness of the importance offalls prevention and treatment;
2. improving the assessment of individual,environmental, and societal factors thatincrease the likelihood of falls; and
3. for facilitating the design and implementationof culturally-appropriate,evidence-based interventions that willsignificantly reduce the number of fallsamong older persons.