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Injury Prevention and Home Accidents Prevention of Disability in Older Person Prof. Dr. Selma KARABEY. Every day around the world, almost 16 000 people die from all types of injuries.
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Every day around the world, almost 16 000 people die from all types of injuries.
Musculoskeletal injuries are injuries occurringto the neck, spine, pelvis, and extremities;
sprains and strains,
motor vehicle crashes,
repetitive workplace injuries.
Each year estimated that424 000 individuals die from falls globally of which over 80% are in low- and middle-income countries.
Over 50% of deaths are among young adults in the age range of 15–44 years .
Older women and younger children are especially prone to falls and increased injury severity.
The Australian researchers examined the effect of vitamin D supplementation in 625 residents of 149 residential care facilities for a period of two years.
Effective fall prevention programmes aim to reduce the number of people who fall, the rate of falls and the severity of injury should a fall occur.
home assessment and environmental modification for those with known risk factors or a history of falling;
For children, effective interventions include multifaceted community programmes; engineering modifications of nursery furniture, playground equipment, and other products; and legislation for the use of window guards.
Among the behavioural strategiesthat have been shown to increase thelikelihood that a person will sustain a newbehaviour are the following:
• Securing social support from familyand friends.
• Promoting the participant’s self-efficacyand perceived competence.
• Providing older persons with activechoices that are tailored to their personalneeds and preferences.
• Encouraging older persons to committo an intervention by developing healthcontracts and/or goal statements thatinclude realistic and measurable plansof action with specified health goals.
• Concerns for safety are identified as abarrier to changing behaviour by manyolder adults.
• Providing regular and accurate performancefeedback can assist older adultsin developing realistic expectationsabout their own progress.
Bybuilding on the three pillars of falls prevention,the model proposes specific strategiesfor:
1. building awareness of the importance offalls prevention and treatment;
2. improving the assessment of individual,environmental, and societal factors thatincrease the likelihood of falls; and
3. for facilitating the design and implementationof culturally-appropriate,evidence-based interventions that willsignificantly reduce the number of fallsamong older persons.