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CLIMATE CHANGE. Construction of the Base Line and measurement of GHG emissions . EU – Latin America Civil Aviation Summit 24-26 May 2010 Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Contents. Goals ICAO Model Mexican Case Strategy Conclusions. Goals. ICAO proposal for GHG reduction

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climate change

CLIMATE CHANGE

Construction of the Base Line and measurement of GHG emissions.

EU – LatinAmerica Civil Aviation Summit

24-26 May 2010

Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

contents
Contents
  • Goals
  • ICAO Model
  • Mexican Case
  • Strategy
  • Conclusions
goals
Goals
  • ICAO proposalfor GHG reduction
  • The ICAO HighLevel Meeting in October 2009 in Montreal, concluded a veryagressiveapproachfor GHG reduction as follows:
    • A short term 2% annualimprovement (untilyear 2012) whichmeans a global 13% improvementwithrespecttothe 2005 base line.
        • A midterm 2% annualimprovement (until 2020) whichmeans a global 26% improvementwithrespectto 2005.
            • A longterm 2% annualimprovement (until 2050) whichmeans a global 60% improvementwithrespectto 2005.
    • Improvementisrelatedto fuel burnfortransportingby air oneRevenue Ton–Km (RTK).
  • Fuente: Informe final GIACC jun-09
goals1
Goals
  • IATA onitsside, proposedthefollowinggoalnumbers
    • A short term 1.5% annualreduction (until 2012)
    • A midterm 1.5% annualreduction (2013 – 2020)
    • Toattain a CO2 a zerogrowthbeginning 2020
    • A CO2 net emission of 50% withrespecttothe 2005 base line, in theyear 2050.
  • Fuente: documento HLMENV_WP005
slide5
Expectedgrowth of commercial air transport vs emissionreduction ICAO – IATA (estimatedannualgrowthrate of 4.5%).

Goals

625 %

94 %

36 %

60 %

26 %

13 %

icao model
ICAO Model

General Methodologydevelopedtoestimatetheamount of CO2generated per pax in a flight, forusing in carbontradeprogramscalculations.

mexican case
MexicanCase
  • PremisesfortheAugmentedStatisticsoperation
  • The actual fuel consumptionmusttobereportedbyairlines per flightsegment / aircraft.
  • Information of the fuel providerwillbeusedtovalidate at rough level, the fuel consumptionof airlines.
  • Theflight time variability per aircraft / flownsegment, willbeusedtomeasuretheefficiencies of implementedoperationalimprovements (ATM / Airports).
  • PayloadtoconsiderforRTK´scalculations:
    • Paxper serviceclass
    • Mail and baggage
    • Air freight
    • Mexicoworks in anAeronauticalPolicywhichwillconsidersustainabledevelopment of air transport.
mexican case1
Mexican Case

100 %

-2 % ANNUAL

-13%

-26%

-60%

2005

2011

2012

2020

2050

AeronauticalPublicPolicy

Webelievethat, with a coordinatedwork and cooperativeattitude, itispossibletoreachtheproposed CO2/RTK reductiongoals

strategy
Strategy
  • Consideration of reductionfactors

2010

  • ATM
  • StreamlineProcedures
  • Utilization of Air Space
  • PBN Operations

2005

OperationalHistorical Data alreadycaptured

AugmentedStatisticalInformation

  • Infrastructure and Operations
  • Efficientgroundoperations
  • Airports
  • Taxiwaysgeometry

AeronauticalPolicyforsustainabledevelopment

  • CarbonTrade

Methodologyforthecalculation of CO2 emissionsbasedon actual statistical data alreadycaptured and airlineestimations

  • Actual IndustryInformation
  • Monthlyreport of fuel consumption.
  • VariabilityAnalysis.
  • Introduction of technologicalchanges.
  • ATM proceduresimprovement.
  • Groundoperationsproceduresimprovement.
  • Fiscal incentives fortheutilization of alternativefuels.
  • Eventual creation of a domesticcarbontrade.
  • Technology
  • Aircraft
  • Engines

AlternativeFuels

Biofuels

BASE LINE

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Thegoals are ambitious, howeverattainable at midterm.
  • A soundaeronauticalpolicyforsustainabledevelopmentisthebesttool.
  • Itwillbenecessarytohomologate and coordinatemethodologiesamongStatestooptimizeresults.
  • Decisionsmusttobeestablishedwithin a multilateral framecoordinatedgloballyby ICAO.
    • Itis crucial tofind a definitivesolutionthroughthe general utilization and enhancement of biofuels.
    • Zero CO2 growingis in ourhands.