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The Curriculum: A Search for Meaning. ESP410 – Human Movement Pedagogy 3. Background. Lack of consensus about the meaning of curriculum:

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the curriculum a search for meaning

The Curriculum: A Search for Meaning

ESP410 – Human Movement Pedagogy 3

background
Background

Lack of consensus about the meaning of curriculum:

"A survey of a dozen curriculum books would be likely to reveal a dozen different images or characterisations of curriculum. It might even reveal more because the same author may use the term in different ways."

curriculum definitions
Curriculum Definitions:

Curriculum is "all the planned experiences provided by the school to assist the pupils in attaining the designated learning outcomes to the best of their abilities." Neagley and Evans

curriculum definitions1
Curriculum Definitions:

Curriculum is the substance of the school program. It is the content pupils are expected to learn.

Orlosky and Smith

curriculum definitions2
Curriculum Definitions:

A curriculum is the set of instructional strategies teachers plan to use. Posner

A structured series of intended learning outcomes.

Johnson

curriculum definitions3
Curriculum Definitions:

The planned experiences offered to the learner under the guidance of the school.

Wheeler

Curriculum is the planned composite effort of any school to guide pupil learning toward predetermined learning outcomes.

Inlow

curriculum definitions4
Curriculum Definitions:

Classroom practice ... what happens between teacher, children and the content ... is the curriculum.

Boomer

input into curriculum content
Input into Curriculum Content

Governments

- increase productivity of human resources

Business Community

- means by which students gain the requisite knowledge and skills to make them productive workers

- ie outcomes relevant to employment opportunities and needs

input into curriculum content1
Input into Curriculum Content

Parents

- views often shaped by their own experiences as students as well as by the aspirations they have for their children

Students

- personal, social, vocational aspirations

the curriculum
The Curriculum

"If curriculum is seen as the means by which young people and adults gain the essential knowledge, skills and attitudes they need to be productive and informed citizens in a democratic society, then everyone in the community has a stake in the shape and form that the curriculum takes."

Brady and Kennedy

the curriculum process
The Curriculum Process

The development of a curriculum involves the developer in decisions about the nature and appropriateness of the substantive elements, eg the:

  • objectives
  • content
  • method
  • assessment strategies

These decisions are made in relation to the context in which the curriculum will operate.

situation analysis
Situation Analysis

An appraisal of the situation (situation analysis) informs decisions about each curriculum element.

situation analysis1
Situation Analysis

It is the process of examining the learning context in which the curriculum is to operate:

eg characteristics of the:

  • school
  • staff
  • students
situation analysis2
Situation Analysis

Normally undertaken prior to the process of curriculum development, but it should not be seen only as a preliminary step only.

situation analysis involves
Situation Analysis Involves:

Needs assessment

- educational needs, and

- determining priorities on the basis of these needs.

situation analysis involves1
Situation Analysis Involves:

School audit

- questioning current provision and practice

- eg in terms of :

assessment

reporting

student welfare

parent-community relationship

school management

situation analysis involves2
Situation Analysis Involves:

Analysis factors that constitute the situation:

External:

  • cultural and social change
  • educational system requirements
  • the changing nature of subject matter
  • resources
situation analysis involves3
Situation Analysis Involves:

Analysis factors that constitute the situation:

Internal:

Students

- needs

- abilities

- personal characteristics

Teachers

- abilities

- teaching style

- strengths / weaknesses

situation analysis involves4
Situation Analysis Involves:

Analysis factors that constitute the situation:

Internal (cont):

School ethos

- organisational climate

- traditions

Resources

- materials

- equipment

- facilities