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A Grand Plan for FIA’s role in a FS National Carbon Accounting System. Linda S. Heath USDA Forest Service Northern Research Station, FIA Forest Carbon Accounting and Research Durham, NH. SUMMARY POINTS.  Carbon stocks and CO2 change

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A Grand Plan for FIA’s role in a FS National Carbon Accounting System


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a grand plan for fia s role in a fs national carbon accounting system

A Grand Plan for FIA’s role in a FS National Carbon Accounting System

Linda S. Heath

USDA Forest Service

Northern Research Station, FIA

Forest Carbon Accounting and Research

Durham, NH

summary points
SUMMARY POINTS
  •  Carbon stocks and CO2 change
  • Intensive-site measurements needed for overall FS C System
  • TPO/Utilization studies—Fate of carbon is keyt
some accomplishments thus far
Some accomplishments thus far..
  • FIA-based estimates have been gold standard for forest carbon for over a decade in the US
  • --policy use, science community
  • Sustainability report, Heinz Center reports, Paper in Science (by Pacala et al.), Voluntary Reporting Program update, GHG inventories
slide4

Carbon Tools Web Page

nrs.fs.fed.us/carbon/tools

--Carbon Calculator Tool

--FORCARB2

national ghg reporting to unfccc
National GHG reporting to UNFCCC
  • •Annual Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions and Sinks (1990-present) – US EPA
  • •Every 5 years, summary
  • national
  • communication
  • State Dept.
  • •USDA biennial
guidance for ghg inventories evolves
Guidance for GHG inventories evolves
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (1994-1996)
  • IPCC Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (2001-2003)
  • 2006 IPCC Revision Guidelines. Volume 4: AFOLU: Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use
primary equations
Primary equations
  • Carbon stock = area x carbon/area
  • CO2 change =

((Stock(t2)– Stock (t1))/(t2-t1))*3.66

forest carbon stocks and co2 change dynamics are needed
Forest carbon stocks AND CO2 change (dynamics) are needed
  •  Carbon per acre, all forest pools
  • Change in C over time for GHG inventories (CO2 equivalents – CO2eq)
  • Area of forest, change in area of forest
slide12
Flux data typically calculated at 30-minute intervals but aggregated to daily, monthly or annual values
measurements from intensive site techniques are essential
Measurements from intensive-site techniques are essential

--Provides interannual variability

(for a “footprint” around tower)

--Soil and forest floor flux

--Per Acre Differences

system boundaries are key
System boundaries are key
  • Finland story
  • All managed lands and related activities?
  • All carbon pools (above, belowground)?
  • Fate of forest carbon beyond the forest
    • Trade (imports/exports)
    • Substitution?
national program goals for fia
•extent of forest land

•volume, growth, and removal of forest resources; and

•health and condition of the forest

National program goals for FIA

To conduct strategic forest inventories of the United States to estimate:

slide17

The FIA is basically a land based National Carbon Accounting System

  • Area, Area change
  • Ground plots– all pools
  • Harvested wood & products
  • --Utilization Studies
  • --Timber Products Output
  • Web based information systems
  • National Inventory & Monitoring Applications Center
fia contribution to co2 change estimates ghg inventories less strong
FIA contribution to CO2 change estimates (GHG inventories) less strong
  • Emissions from dead wood? (not available yet!?)
  • Emissions/seq. in soil carbon?
  • Emissions from fire disturbances
  • Area change!
competitive advantages for fia
Competitive advantages for FIA
  • We are the nation’s forest census
  • Data on carbon stocks
  • Focused on data and “users”
  • Technical expertise in measurements and math
  • What about the science community?
fia and the science community
FIA and the Science Community
  • --FIA is in the R&D branch of the FS
  • --FS R&D personnel are covered under the FS Code of Scientific Ethics when conducting research
priority improvements
Priority improvements

/Carbon estimates based on P3 data are documented and made available in tools and datasets

/Biomass equations -- US wide sampling for biomass data, conducted w/ utilization studies?

/Land Use-Land Cover and Change