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Reducing CO 2 from Transport Energy Saving Trust Teresa Jackson

Reducing CO 2 from Transport Energy Saving Trust Teresa Jackson Car choice Top ten fuel efficient cars Car sharing Smarter Driving Search for “ Act on CO2 ” on the web Our Key Messages Choose a fuel efficient car Drive it efficiently Use it less Choose a fuel efficient/low CO 2 car

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Reducing CO 2 from Transport Energy Saving Trust Teresa Jackson

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  1. Reducing CO2 from TransportEnergy Saving TrustTeresa Jackson

  2. Car choice Top ten fuel efficient cars Car sharing Smarter Driving Search for “Act on CO2” on the web

  3. Our Key Messages Choose a fuel efficient car Drive it efficiently Use it less

  4. Choose a fuel efficient/low CO2 car

  5. Vehicle Emissions Climate change Air Quality CO2 and NO2 are green-house gases. They cause global warming NOx Oxides of Nitrogen Describes a number of combinations of nitrogen and oxygen molecule i.e. NO, NO2 or N2O CO2 Carbon dioxide CO Carbon Monoxide Unburnt Hydrocarbons Small droplets of unburnt fuel. These are very carcinogenic. Particulates Fine particles can have an adverse effect on human health.

  6. Fuel and CO2 Fuel consumed is directly linked to amount of CO2 emitted = Choosing a fuel efficient car Choosing a low CO2 car

  7. The figures New car models are tested using the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) to establish: • Fuel consumptionUrban, Extra Urban and combined • CO2 emissions • Air quality emissions • More information from Vehicle Certification Agency www.vcacarfueldata.org.uk

  8. Ford Focus 1.6 TDCi Zetec

  9. Renault Laguna 1.5 dCi Dynamique

  10. Range Rover Sport 4.2 V8 HSE

  11. 136 g/km Choose a low CO2 car 232 g/km

  12. BMW 540 Petrol

  13. BMW 520 Diesel

  14. Choose a low CO2 car 119 g/km 182 g/km

  15. VW Golf 1.6 FSI Auto (petrol)

  16. VW Golf 1.9TDi Bluemotion

  17. Petrol or diesel? • Diesel is more efficient so uses less fuel – so CO2 is less • Petrol has lower air quality emissions • Diesel cars with a Diesel Particulate Filter are the best of both worlds. • BUT…

  18. Petrol or diesel? • Diesel cars are more expensive (+£1000) • Diesel fuel is more expensive (+15p p/l) Petrol £13,325 Diesel is more efficient but due to higher costs, may not be the most economical option. Consumers need to weigh up costs and mileage to make the best decision. Diesel £14,420

  19. UK tax, fuel and CO2 • Vehicle excise duty • Fuel duty • Company car tax (benefit in kind) • Employer’s National Insurance • Business Writing down allowances • Congestion charges?

  20. Vehicle Excise Duty New VED (road tax) bands and rates – cars registered after March 2001

  21. Advice on choosing a fuel efficient car • Look for best in class on CO2 • Check the car label • Consider downsizing • Evaluate the best fuel technology

  22. Sources of information New Cars • Best in class: Search for Act on CO2 • Saving £500 p/a best in class v average (12k miles) • Vehicle Certification Agency:www.vcacarfueldata.org.uk • What Car?: www.whatcar.co.uk • Coolest Car: www.coolestcar.co.uk

  23. Sources of information Used Cars • Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders: www.smmt.co.uk/co2 • Parkers: www.parkers.co.uk • DVLA Vehicle Enquiry:http://www.taxdisc.direct.gov.uk/EvlPortalApp/index.jsp

  24. Alternative Fuels and Technologies

  25. Alternative technologies and fuels Optimisingpetrol/diesel Hybrids Biofuels LPG Electric

  26. Optimising petrol and diesel • Stop/start • Gear shift indicators • Regenerative braking • Electronic gear box • Low rolling resistance tyres • Weight reduction • Aerodynamic changes

  27. Hybrids • Petrol and electric powered • Main products in the UK from Toyota, Lexus and Honda • Very low on CO2 ratings • Main benefit in city driving • Perform poorly on the open road • Diesel hybrids on the way

  28. Hybrids • Top Gear’s item on Toyota Prius versus the BMW M3 • 10 laps, Prius going flat out, around the track • Toyota Prius = 17 mpg • BMW M3 = 19 mpg A hybrid does not always achieve the lowest fuel consumption

  29. Regulated Biofuels • Fuel produced from crops • Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) 5% all UK fuel • Greater blends available:B30 – 30% biodieselE85 – 85% bioethanol • No cost benefit • CO2 benefits vary • Limited infrastructure although improving

  30. Unregulated Biofuels Pure plant oil or Recycled cooking oil: Car manufacturers do not warranty their vehicles when using these unregulated fuels. The Energy Saving Trust does not advise customers to use pure plant oil or waste oil as this could damage engines.

  31. LPG • Liquefied Petroleum Gas • Improved air quality emissions • Some CO2 benefit over petrol • ½ the cost of petrol but reducing tax incentive • Car runs less efficiently

  32. Electric CO2 for electric cars:

  33. Electric • Electric cars • Average range = 50 miles • Average speed = 40mph • New products coming There is a CO2 benefit but costs are difficult to justify unless used in an urban environment - particularly where congestion charges exist

  34. Drive Efficiently“Smarter Driving”

  35. Smarter Driving Vehicle Maintenance Driving Techniques

  36. Drive it efficiently • Gears: Change up between 2000-2500 rpm- Petrol and diesel the same • Speed: • 85mph vs. 70mph uses approx 25% more fuel • Most efficient speed usually approx 45-50mph • Greater anticipation to avoid unnecessary acceleration & braking

  37. Drive it efficiently • Air conditioning • 20-25% difference between a/c on full & off • Typically 5% overall increase (12 month period in northern Europe) • Windows down? • Drive off immediately from cold • Turn off if stationary more than a minute or two

  38. Vehicle maintenance • Tyres: under-inflated by 10% add 1% to fuel consumption • Maintain vehicles well through regular servicing • Roof boxes and racks: remove when not in use

  39. The Benefits 15% off • Reduce your fuel costs- £200 per year based on an average mileage • Reduced emissions • Fewer accidents • Less wear & tear on the car

  40. Smarter Driving • DfT’s Act on CO2 web site: • Search for Act on CO2 • EST: www.energysavingtrust.org.uk • Ecodriven: www.ecodrive.org

  41. Use the car less

  42. Using the car less Using alternatives Reducing Mileage

  43. Reducing mileage • Flexible working- working from home • Plan trips – don’t get lostInvest in satellite navigation • Use online servicesDo your shopping or pay your bills, car tax online rather than visit the post office

  44. Using the car less • Get active: • Walk: promote walking for sub 1 mile trips • Bike – Sustrans: www.sustrans.org.uk

  45. What are the alternatives? • Public Transport • See Transport Direct for options • www.transportdirect.co.uk • Contact local providers • Book early! • Give it a try – even occasionally.

  46. What are the alternatives? • Car sharing • Try car sharing • For more information see: Carplus: www.carplus.org.ukLiftshare: www.liftshare.org

  47. Car clubs • Car clubs provide a shared cars for communities to use. • Awaiting evidence they reduce car use. • More information: www.carplus.org.uk

  48. Delivering Transport Advice Advice line enquiries Employee engagement Outreach events

  49. Thanks for listening www.energysavingtrust.org.uk

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