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Oil for Development

The Norwegian experience


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OfD – our objective

  • Assist developing countries with petroleum resources in their efforts to manage these resources in a way that generates economic growth, promotes the welfare of the population and is environmentally sustainable

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OfD – how we work accountability, transparency)

  • Assistance is based on requests from governments

  • The requests will be assessed based on certain criteria, including; petroleum potential, commitment to good governance of the petroleum sector, relevance of Norwegian experiences and capacity within OfD

  • OfD shares Norwegian experiences and international best practice. Each country has to create its own policy based on own circumstances

  • Long-termperspective

  • Holisticapproach

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OfD – who we are accountability, transparency)

  • The Steering Committee for the programme consists of four government ministries (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Petroleum and Energy, Environment, and Finance), and is chaired by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

  • The programme is coordinated by the Oil for Development secretariat in Norad

  • The main institutions involved in implementation of the programme are the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority, the Directorate for Nature Management, the ministries represented in the Steering Committee, Petrad, consultancies and research institutions

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OfD – who we cooperate with accountability, transparency)

  • Norwegian and international NGOs

  • • The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)

  • • World Bank, IMF, African Dev. Bank, UNDP

  • • Norwegian and international oil and service companies where appropriate

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Resource Management accountability, transparency)

  • • Strengthening of local institutions (ministries & directorates)

  • • Development/assessment of petroleum legal frameworks

  • • Framework for exploration and production of petroleum

  • • Resource databases

  • • Strategies for transparent licensing and tendering processes

  • • Policies to stimulate technology

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Environmental Management accountability, transparency)

  • • Build environmental management capacity within the sector

  • • Basic legislation, rules and regulations covering environmental dimensions of the petroleum sector

  • • Minimise discharges from activities

  • • Environmental impact assessments

  • • Manage gas flaring and other national/global climate challenges

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Revenue Management accountability, transparency)

  • • Design, management and control of tax regimes for the extraction of oil and gas (Government take)

  • • Transparency and accountability around payments by oil companies (EITI)

  • • Planning and execution of government budgets

  • Management of the financial savings (oil fund)

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Lebanon OfD Programme accountability, transparency)


  • Focus on Petroleum Policy

  • Started work on Petroleum Law

  • Several seminars


  • Continued work on Petroleum Law

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Lebanon OfD Programme accountability, transparency)


  • Complete the Petroleum Law, necessary regulations and agreements

  • Organisation of the Petroleum Sector

  • Preparations of Licensing round

  • Seminars, Petrad 8 week course etc.