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Junior Career Planning and Preparation 9.29.09 Building Your Resume Cover Letter Basics Your Professional FOCUS Perfect Interview Building Your Network Purpose of Resume To concisely organize your accomplishments To help you ‘tell your story’

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junior career planning and preparation 9 29 09

JuniorCareer Planning and Preparation 9.29.09

Building Your Resume

Cover Letter Basics

Your Professional FOCUS

Perfect Interview

Building Your Network

purpose of resume
Purpose of Resume

To concisely organize your accomplishments

To help you ‘tell your story’

To show your advantages relative to your competitors

To help you earn an interview

Resume is useful for summer job, internship, graduate school, and employment applications

Military Resume: modified version, similar

sample resume
Sample Resume

Please refer to the resume handout

For Resume Information, Construction Tips, and Samples, see www.citadel.edu/career_services/ResumeSamples.htm

resume format
Resume Format

Create in MS Word (no template)

Margins: set to .5 inches, all aspects

Font Size: Use 11 to start (10-12 if needed) for all text other than your name (use 18-24 for your name)

Font: Times Roman or Arial

one page or more
One Page or More?

Strive to keep your resume to one page

Two pages are acceptable if needed

Be sure to include all information relevant


Your resume has approx. 10 seconds to succeed or fail

chronological or functional
Chronological or Functional?

Use Chronological format at this stage in your career

Functional format may be better when you are more experienced

For Chronological format, enter your experience in reverse order (most recent on top)

resume heading
Resume Heading

Include both School and Home phone and address, email address

Be sure the information is accurate before sending your resume to an employer

Update your resume as soon as contact information changes (and update your resume loaded into the resume database in The Gate)

objective statement needed
Objective Statement Needed?

Majority of Recruiters: Yes

Needs to be Concise

Do not use ‘Challenging, Utilize, or Field’

Good Example: Summer 2010 Internship in Accounting

Good Example: Entry-level position in Sales

Good Example: Admission to Duke MBA Program

include gpa
Include GPA?
  • May include GPA
  • Cumulative and/or In Major?
  • May include only the highest GPA (identify)
  • Typically include only if 3.0 or higher
skills training section
Skills/Training Section

Important in Showing You Have the Skills Needed by the Organization

Start with Most Relevant Skills/Training

List in 3 Columns


Sales Management Presentation

Teamwork Interpersonal Analytical

Leadership Supervisory Spanish (Basic)

validating skills claimed
Validating Skills Claimed

Have at least two examples ready for each skill claimed

Interviews are often based on resume content

You may also bring samples of your work to illustrate your claimed skills (Academic Portfolio)

experience section
Experience Section

Include paid and unpaid experience

Use reverse chronological order

Use ‘bullets’ to segment your duties

Use only positive phrases: not ‘Dealt with customer complaints’ but ‘Provided excellent customer service’

May include jobs while in high school

Include volunteer experiences and study abroad (may justify a separate section)

leadership section
Leadership Section

Cadets often add a Leadership section

Include positions held at The Citadel

and possibly those in high school

Specify duties and the number trained or supervised

See samples from cadets on our web site

Organization is similar to Experience section

Typically placed after Experience section

computer skills
Computer Skills

Separate from upper Skills section, easier for recruiters

Unbundle MS Office, list only those you know: MS Word, MS Excel, MS Access, etc.

Add other relevant computer skills, esp.

EE, CE, Comp Sci majors

honors activities

May include high school honors and activities, add (HS) after the entry

Example: Football Team Captain (HS)

Religious Activities: Typically may include

Political Activities: Typically may include

Scholarships: Include

Academic Honors: Include


Include to help find common interests with the recruiter

Interests often discussed during interview

Do not include interests which may be judged inappropriate

Include at most 5 interests

reference statement
Reference Statement

Add to resume if space allows

If requested, have your separate reference page available

Include 4 references: 2 professors or staff members, 2 supervisors from prior jobs

See sample Reference page at http://www.citadel.edu/career_services/ResumeSamples.htm

academic portfolio statement
Academic Portfolio Statement

Academic Portfolio is a binder containing

4 – 6 samples of work from your classes

Examples: Research Papers, Business Plans, Projects, etc.

To show potential employers your skills

Print fresh (revised, if needed) unmarked copies for your Academic Portfolio

Only list ‘Academic Portfolio Available’ on your resume if you have one ready

See www.citadel.edu/career_services/info-students.htm for more on Academic Portfolios

electronic or paper resume
Electronic or Paper Resume?

You will often send your resume as an email attachment or copy/paste in online applic.

If paper copy is needed, use a laser printer

Use resume quality paper (office supply stores sell this) and matching envelopes

Print envelopes via MS Word (do not hand-write addresses on envelopes)

Use 20 pound white or ivory paper

If watermark paper, print in same orientation as watermark

some resume tips
Some Resume Tips

Proof carefully, after using spell check

Be truthful

Include information which supports your Objective

Update your resume frequently

See through the employer’s eyes: What skills do you bring to the firm?

Use your resume to tell your unique story in a positive and convincing way

resume writing guidelines
Resume Writing Guidelines

Follow Resume Guidelines at www.citadel.edu/career_services/ResumeSamples.htm

The Citadel Learning and Academic Retention Center provides writing assistance

Specific questions? Please send to CareerCenter@Citadel.edu, attaching your resume

your resume the gate
Your Resume & The Gate
  • The Gate contains a Resume Database
  • Register and load your resume, select ‘Resume Book’ so employers can see your resume
  • May upload more than one resume (only one appears in the Resume Book; select ‘Make Default’)
  • Details: www.citadel.edu/career_services/TheGate.htm#gatecadet
cover letter
Cover Letter
  • Purpose: Introduces you and your resume
  • Use resume top as letterhead
  • Sample format: http://www.citadel.edu/career_services/Communication/AaronLCitadelCoverLetter.pdf
  • Answer 4 Questions:
    • Who are you?
    • Why are you writing?
    • What can you do for the firm (refer to resume)?
    • What will you do next (call for appt., etc.)?
using focus v 2
Using FOCUS v.2

FOCUS helps you identify the jobs which best match your values and interests

To use: Enter FOCUS at www.citadel.edu/career_services

‘Narrow and Refine’ your results, on the Main Menu, to see the best matches for you

Best to also complete CAREER PORTFOLIO segment

interview preparation
Interview Preparation

Use the Perfect Interview Program to practice and record interviews

Access program and instructions: www.citadel.edu/career_services

May use with or without a web cam

Work stations with web cams available in The Citadel Career Center

building your network
Building Your Network

Use the Online Mentoring Network

To use: Register for access to The Gate at www.citadel.edu/career_services, then follow instructions for Mentees

See profiles for alumni mentors, select and contact the one(s) of most interest, for advice

Business Cards (free at www.vistaprint.com)

GOAL: Build a network of at least 10 key contacts by the end of Junior year (from all sources)

Use your network to help you make the best possible decisions for your future

thank you
Thank You!

Best Wishes as you plan and prepare for life after

The Citadel!