slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The rabbit industry in Europe

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

The rabbit industry in Europe - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 819 Views
  • Uploaded on

The rabbit industry in Europe. The rabbit industry in France. The French breeding program. CSIRO Chiswick. Field day 6 April 2002. The European r abbit meat production. FINLAND. DANEMARK. IRELAND. HOLLAND. GREAT BRITAIN 8 000 T. GERMANY. BELGIUM. PORTUGAL. SPAIN. ITALY.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The rabbit industry in Europe' - victoria


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1
The rabbit industry in Europe

The rabbit industry in France

The French breeding program

CSIRO Chiswick

Field day 6 April 2002

slide2
The European rabbit meat production

FINLAND

DANEMARK

IRELAND

HOLLAND

GREAT BRITAIN

8 000 T

GERMANY

BELGIUM

PORTUGAL

SPAIN

ITALY

GRECE

World production : 1 300 000 T

Europe : 700 000 T

slide3
Intensive production areas : average 500-1000 breeding does per farm

Specialized breeding

The west of France, Italy, Mediterranean Spain, Portugal, Holland

Medium intense production areas : smaller farms

rabbit breeding are often part of the farm activity

The South of France, the north of Spain, the south of Portugal

Low production areas : Many small rural farms

“Rabbit’s desert” : Rabbit production is almost null

Germany, the east and centre of France, the south of Spain

England and northern Europe

Several production levels areas in Europe

slide4
Malta

Italy

Spain

France

Belgium

Holland

Portugal

Danemark

Germany

Grece

The rabbit meat consumption in Europe

(kg/person/year)

Main rabbit meat consumers countries : Italy, France, Ukraine, Spain, China, Russia

slide5
80 % of the world import are made by the European Union

Main importer countries : Italy, Belgium, France, Germany

Main exporter countries : China, Eastern Europe countries

The international rabbit meat trade

slide6
The rabbit marketing

Traditional carcass weight in different countries and European regions

slide8
THE FRENCH RABBIT PRODUCTION

RECORDED SLAUGHTERING

56 000 T dressed 343 abattoirs

RABBIT FOOD

610 000 T

IMPORT

9800 T dressed

EXPORT

6600 T dressed

FAMILY PURCHASE

68 000 T

67 % in Supermaket

SELF-CONSUMPTION

12 000 T

CATERING

10 000 T

RATIONAL PRODUCTION

100 000 T (live weight)

FAMILIAL PRODUCTION

50 000 T (live weight)

NATIONAL MARKET

90 000 T dressed

slide9
Meat consumption in France in 2000

(Thousands Tonnes dressed)

rabbit reproduction
A large number of doe can be bred at one time (time gain)

Provides large batches of kits at uniform age

Allow all-in all-out system (cleaning and disinfection are easier)

Rabbit reproduction

Artificial insemination has become the main reproduction technique in rabbit

doe management
Single Batch, AI every 42 days

AI 1

Birth 1

AI 2

Wean.1

Days

1

42

2 Batches, AI every 21 days

AI 1

Birth 1

AI 2

Wean.1

Batch 1

AI 1

Birth 1

AI 2

Wean.1

Batch 2

Days

1

21

42

63

Doe management
slide14
Current production situation in France (1997)
  • Number of kindling/doe/year : 7
  • Replacement rate : 117 %
  • Doe mortality : 30 %
  • Fertility : 75 %
  • Litter size born : 9.8 kittens
  • Mortality birth to weaning : 15 %
  • Mortality weaning to market : 14 %
  • Number of Kittens/doe/year : 44
  • Live weight at slaughter : 2.4 kg (10 weeks)
  • Average rabbit price (AUS $) : 2.7
  • Average food price (AUS $) : 0.32
  • Income after accounting for food cost/doe/year (AUS $) : 156
the rabbit selection a breeders request
Staff

Resources

National

scheme

Ministry

of agriculture

1968

SOLAM

SOLAF

1961

SNEALC

1952

INRA

Myxomatosis

The rabbit selection :a breeders request

1972

from 1968 to 1972
Bingo !From 1968 to 1972
  • 9 lines were used

in cross-breeding experiments

2 lines have been chosen :

Californian

New Zealand

  • High heterosis effects have been shown for fertility (8%) et la prolificacy (15%)
slide18
SELECTION

A : litter size at birth

B : litter size at weaning

INRA

MULTIPLICATION

A

B

Associated breedings

c

PRODUCTION

ABC : Rabbit for meat

Commercial breedings

A

B

c

1972:

A

B

a three way crossbreeding program is set up

A

B

in 1975 inra provide the breeders with 2500 pure breed 1077 does b type
In 1975: INRA provide the breeders with 2500 pure breed 1077 does (B type)
  • Which represent a potential of 37 500 crossbred females in breedings
  • Which soon become insufficient !!!
1984 the over mutiplication or the associated selection
A

A

B

A

B

B

1984:The « over-mutiplication »or the « associated selection »

sélection

A

B

INRA

An additionnal floor

Associated

breedings

Similar line A

Similar line B

A

B

MULTIPLICATION

A

B

PRODUCTION

C

1996 introduction of a new selection criterion
1996 :introduction of a new selection criterion

Weight at 63 days

  • The line 1077 (A type) is selected from this date on :
  • litter size and weight at 63 days

to answer the breeders request

slide22
Parental does breeds used in France (1994)

Breed Number Number of Doe Number of rabbit Average com.

of farm (thousands) per doe per year live weight

Pure Breed 272 25.7 43 2.37

New-Zealand 94 13.6 47 2.35

Califonian 37 2.2 39 2.51

Crossbred

or composite line 1672 453.3 49 2.36

Vitaline30 12.7 53 2.38

Hyplus780INRA 236.5 51 2.36

Solaf 47 9.4 50 2.38

Hyla 532 130.6 47 2.36

Hycole 122 33.2 47 2.36

Zika 33 4.8 41 2.72

Other 492 67 40 2.37

Total 2 308 519.9 48 2.37

slide23
The new requests of breeders
  • . Culling and mortality of reproductive females are high
  • . In high size litters, kittens remain weak and the heterogeneity of weights at slaughter is a problem for selling animals
  • .In 1997 the enterocolitis causes high mortality in rabbit farms and oblige the breeders to use antibiotics
slide24
Survival analyse of reproductive females (V.Ducrocq)

Study of a selection for canalisation of native weight (M. San Cristobal)

Experiment to evaluate the genetic resistance to enterocolitis (H. de Rochambeau)

ad