PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE & CONTINUOUS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE & CONTINUOUS

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  1. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE & CONTINUOUS

  2. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE • FORM: have / has + past participle • USES: • 1. LIFE EXPERIENCES • I’ve been to China • She’s ridden a horse

  3. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE • 2. ALREADY, JUST & YET • They’ve just left • She’s already called her friend • They haven’t finished yet

  4. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE • SUPERLATIVES & “THE FIRST, SECOND, LAST TIME”, ETC • It’s the best meal I’ve ever had • It’s the firsttime he’s given a speech

  5. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE • 3. CONNECTION PAST & PRESENT • I’ve sprained my ankle, as you can see • He’s lost his keys

  6. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE • 4. HOW LONG / FOR/ SINCE (NON-ACTION VERBS:be, have, know, like, etc) • I’veknown Maria for 10 years • They’ve had that car since 2007

  7. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE • 5. HOW MUCH / HOW MANY • How many books have you written? • I’ve spent too much money

  8. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS • FORM: HAVE / HAS + BEEN + VERB + ING • USES: • 1. “HOW LONG / FOR / SINCE” WITH ACTION VERBS(action started in past & continues now) • How long have you been feeling like this? • She’s been travelling by bus for 5 years

  9. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS • 2. REPEATED ACTIONS, ESPECIALLY WITH TIME EXPRESSIONS LIKE ALL DAY, RECENTLY, ETC • I have been arguing with my husband lately. • The phone has been ringing all day.

  10. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS • 3. CONTINUOUS ACTIONS THAT HAVE JUST FINISHED (WITH RESULT IN THE PRESENT) • He’s been running all day. He’s dead! • A: Look at your hands! They’re so filthy! • B: I know. I’ve been painting the living room

  11. SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS? • With “How long?, For & Since” we can use both. However, we prefer the continuous for shorter, temporary actions. • We’ve lived in London since 1980 • We’ve been living in London since 1980 • We’ve been staying in a hotel for the last month

  12. SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS? • PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: • Emphasis on the RESULT of the action • I’ve painted my living room • PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS: • Emphasis on the DURATION of the action • I’ve been painting my living room