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Burkina Faso. Dana, Mahes , Jackson, Paven , Hassan Yoong. Geographical Location/Intro . Yoong. Western Africa, north of Ghana. Colors of the flag. Pan -African color Red : symbolize the revolution  Green : abundance of natural riches Star : guiding light of the revolution

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burkina faso

Burkina Faso

Dana,

Mahes,

Jackson,

Paven,

Hassan

Yoong

colors of the flag
Colors of the flag
  • Pan-African color
  • Red : symbolize the revolution 
  • Green : abundance of natural riches
  • Star : guiding light of the revolution
  • Previously was named as Republic of Upper Volta, then renamed by President Thomas Sankara.
slide5

Geographically

Mostly plains, flat, savanna

Climate

Tropical climate with two very distinct seasons

Capital: Quagadougou

  • Achieved independence from France in 1960
  • Population: 16.3 million (2010)
  • 63 ethnic groups; half of the population are Mossi, followed by Gourmantche, Fulani, Dioula, and Bissa
slide6
Education

National literacy rate

Male: 30%

Female: 15%

Economy

  • Cotton
  • Mining:

- Gold (Third largest export)

causes of poverty1

LOOKING AT POVERTY FROM ITS ROOT

  • Gauging poverty from its root helps us understand that focusing on eliminating the cause of poverty is a more efficient approach than focusing on reconciling the damage of poverty.
  • Human Development Report (2007), states that more than 80% of the world population lives in countries where the income gap is widening at a fast pace.
CAUSES OF POVERTY
slide9
Many such facts reveal that the inequality of wealth is in direct effect of the control and power of the rich. The idea of the world as a global village has given greater access to external control of poor nations.
  • Shah (2011) says that behind the interconnectedness promised by globalization lie global decisions, policies and practices, which are typically planned and driven by the rich and powerful-leaders of rich countries, multinational corporations, global actors, institutions or influential people etc.
slide10

With such enormous external influence, the governments of poorer nations and their people are often left powerless.

  • Schiller (1989) says ‘which view of poverty we ultimately embrace will have a direct bearing on the public policies we pursue’.
slide11
Community developers help all communities but their focus is unbalanced with the people who do not have sufficient resources to meet their needs or with communities with large populations of people who are in need of help.

(Bradshaw 2006)

slide12

It is this disparity of status and interest that make poverty research an inescapably political act: it is an exercise of power, in this case of an educated elite to categorize, stigmatize, but above all to neutralize the poor and disadvantaged through analysis that obscures the political nature of social and economic inequality.

(O’Connor 2001:p12)

slide13

Often political agendas are the main factors that define poverty in a given context. The rich and powerful manage how poverty is discussed and what is being done about it.

theories of poverty

POVERTY CAUSED BY INDIVIDUAL DEFICIENCIES

The 5 theories of poverty by Bradshaw (2006)

  • 1) The first theory of poverty focuses on individuals as being responsible for their situation. The individuals suffering from poverty are blamed for their poverty. The theory suggests that if they work harder and make better choices they can avoid problems. Scientifically this theory is disapproved however adopting it anti-poverty policy can change behavior.
THEORIES OF POVERTY

slide15

For example:

Imposing penalties and giving incentives to kids at school in poor communities can push them to work and also enable them to learn skills that can get them jobs.

poverty caused by cultural belief systems that support sub cultures of poverty

2) The second theory of the cause of poverty is the ‘Culture of poverty’. The passing of dysfunctional ideas, belief system, norms, cultures and values from generation to generation can shape an individuals ability, behavior and motivation level.

  • For example:

Poor people in ghettos or poor regions share a certain way of thinking and behavior shaped by their belief system. By the time slum children are sex or seven they have already absorbed the basic attitudes and values of their ‘sub-culture’. They are psychologically not prepared to take full advantage of changing their conditions or improving opportunities.

POVERTY CAUSED BY CULTURAL BELIEF SYSTEMS THAT SUPPORT SUB- CULTURES OF POVERTY
poverty caused by economic political and social distortions or discrimination

3) The third theory suggests that poverty is caused by economical, political and social misrepresentation and discrimination. The economic system is structured in such a way that the poor people always fall behind no matter how competent or hard working they are.

  • For example:

The minimum wages do not allow poor people or their families to be economically self-sufficient.

A group of people being given a social disgrace because of their race, gender disability, religion or other groupings and causing them to have limited opportunities regardless of their capabilities.

POVERTY CAUSED BY ECONOMIC, POLITICAL, AND SOCIAL DISTORTIONS OR DISCRIMINATION

Cont…

poverty caused by geographical disparities

4) Poverty in rural areas, ghettos, third world poverty are all categorized poverties based on geographical conditions. This theory suggests that the resources needed to generate well being and income lack in those areas.

POVERTY CAUSED BY GEOGRAPHICAL DISPARITIES
poverty caused by cumulative and cyclical interdependencies

5) This theory is linked to the previous four theories and implies that all the causes are linked together. When all these problems dominate, other opportunities close. This theory says that the individuals and the resources available are all dependent with a faltering economy.

  • For example:

Individuals who lack resources to participate in the economy, makes economic survival even harder for the community as fewer people are paying taxes.

POVERTY CAUSED BY CUMULATIVE AND CYCLICAL INTERDEPENDENCIES
perspective geographical
Perspective (Geographical)
  • Burkina Faso – Located in Western Africa, North of Ghana. Also known as Sankara in the early 80’s, but when the country upraised the French democracy they changed it to Burkina Faso in 1984.
  • The country covers 105,869 square miles (274,200 square kilometers) in the center of West Africa, north of Ghana and Ivory Coast.
social and cultural

In Burkina Faso, there are three major religious groups: Muslim (52%), Christian (18%), and traditional religions (26%)

  • Classes and Castes. The people there are divided based on class and castes.
  • Art

Burkina Faso has more than 60 ethnic groups, each with their own social and cultural distinctions.

  • Music

Burkina Faso is home to 60 different ethnic groups, each with their own variety of folk music.

(Social and Cultural)
political

The political system of the fourth Republic is based on a constitution which is inspired by the French presidential democracy.

  • The political class is a limited group, where most personalities know each other well.
(Political)

Cont…

economical

One of the poorest countries in the world, the average person has a yearly per capita purchasing power parity of only $860 based on 1997 World Bank estimate.

  • About 85 % of the population is engaged in agriculture at the subsistence level and less than 10 % of the agricultural production is cash crops.
(Economical)
the government

To inform them about the poverty issues and raise awareness to the public towards this issue.

  • Contribute in the help of solving this issue
  • Ask for the help from others country.
  • Provide the higher education level for the public.
  • Encourage the public being independent
The Government
the public

Unfold the truth about the cause of poverty

  • Encourage the public giving the child for a proper education.
  • Educate public should stop depending for other’s
The public
the media

Reporting the truth to the public

  • Raise the awareness towards the poverty issues.
  • Helping to promoting the how to reduce the poverty issues
  • Gain people’s attention and contributing in the help
The Media
references

Bradshaw, T. (2006), Theories of Poverty and Anti-poverty programs in community development, Rural Poverty Research Center, Working paper No. 06-05

Human Development Report (HDR) 2007, Human Development index, United Nations Development Program, viewed online 3rd April 2012, http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/human_development.htm

O'Connor, A. (2001). Poverty Knowledge. Princeton: Princeton University Press

Schiller, B. R. (1989). The Economics of Poverty and Discrimination . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall

Shah, A. (2010), Poverty Facts and Stats, Global Issues, viewed online 2rd April 2012,http://www.globalissues.org/article/26/poverty-facts-and-stats

References