Burkina Faso. Dana, Mahes , Jackson, Paven , Hassan Yoong. Geographical Location/Intro . Yoong. Western Africa, north of Ghana. Colors of the flag. Pan -African color Red : symbolize the revolution Green : abundance of natural riches Star : guiding light of the revolution
Mostly plains, flat, savanna
Tropical climate with two very distinct seasons
National literacy rate
- Gold (Third largest export)
With such enormous external influence, the governments of poorer nations and their people are often left powerless.
It is this disparity of status and interest that make poverty research an inescapably political act: it is an exercise of power, in this case of an educated elite to categorize, stigmatize, but above all to neutralize the poor and disadvantaged through analysis that obscures the political nature of social and economic inequality.
Often political agendas are the main factors that define poverty in a given context. The rich and powerful manage how poverty is discussed and what is being done about it.
The 5 theories of poverty by Bradshaw (2006)
Imposing penalties and giving incentives to kids at school in poor communities can push them to work and also enable them to learn skills that can get them jobs.
2) The second theory of the cause of poverty is the ‘Culture of poverty’. The passing of dysfunctional ideas, belief system, norms, cultures and values from generation to generation can shape an individuals ability, behavior and motivation level.
Poor people in ghettos or poor regions share a certain way of thinking and behavior shaped by their belief system. By the time slum children are sex or seven they have already absorbed the basic attitudes and values of their ‘sub-culture’. They are psychologically not prepared to take full advantage of changing their conditions or improving opportunities.POVERTY CAUSED BY CULTURAL BELIEF SYSTEMS THAT SUPPORT SUB- CULTURES OF POVERTY
3) The third theory suggests that poverty is caused by economical, political and social misrepresentation and discrimination. The economic system is structured in such a way that the poor people always fall behind no matter how competent or hard working they are.
The minimum wages do not allow poor people or their families to be economically self-sufficient.
A group of people being given a social disgrace because of their race, gender disability, religion or other groupings and causing them to have limited opportunities regardless of their capabilities.POVERTY CAUSED BY ECONOMIC, POLITICAL, AND SOCIAL DISTORTIONS OR DISCRIMINATION
4) Poverty in rural areas, ghettos, third world poverty are all categorized poverties based on geographical conditions. This theory suggests that the resources needed to generate well being and income lack in those areas.POVERTY CAUSED BY GEOGRAPHICAL DISPARITIES
5) This theory is linked to the previous four theories and implies that all the causes are linked together. When all these problems dominate, other opportunities close. This theory says that the individuals and the resources available are all dependent with a faltering economy.
Individuals who lack resources to participate in the economy, makes economic survival even harder for the community as fewer people are paying taxes.POVERTY CAUSED BY CUMULATIVE AND CYCLICAL INTERDEPENDENCIES
In Burkina Faso, there are three major religious groups: Muslim (52%), Christian (18%), and traditional religions (26%)
Burkina Faso has more than 60 ethnic groups, each with their own social and cultural distinctions.
Burkina Faso is home to 60 different ethnic groups, each with their own variety of folk music.(Social and Cultural)
The political system of the fourth Republic is based on a constitution which is inspired by the French presidential democracy.
One of the poorest countries in the world, the average person has a yearly per capita purchasing power parity of only $860 based on 1997 World Bank estimate.
To inform them about the poverty issues and raise awareness to the public towards this issue.
Bradshaw, T. (2006), Theories of Poverty and Anti-poverty programs in community development, Rural Poverty Research Center, Working paper No. 06-05
Human Development Report (HDR) 2007, Human Development index, United Nations Development Program, viewed online 3rd April 2012, http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/human_development.htm
O'Connor, A. (2001). Poverty Knowledge. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Schiller, B. R. (1989). The Economics of Poverty and Discrimination . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall
Shah, A. (2010), Poverty Facts and Stats, Global Issues, viewed online 2rd April 2012,http://www.globalissues.org/article/26/poverty-facts-and-statsReferences