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Tempos Verbais. Tempo original. Muda para. Simple past. Simple present. Past perfect. Simple past. Present perfect. Past perfect. Conditional. Simple future. Pronomes pessoais, adjetivos possessivos. he, she (conforme o sujeito). I. you. I, we (conforme o sujeito). we. they. my.

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Tempos Verbais

Tempo original

Muda para

Simple past

Simple present

Past perfect

Simple past

Present perfect

Past perfect

Conditional

Simple future

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Pronomes pessoais, adjetivos possessivos

he, she (conforme o sujeito)

I

you

I, we (conforme o sujeito)

we

they

my

his, her, your (conforme o possuidor)

your

my, our (conforme o possuidor)

their

our

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She said:Iseeyou.

She said(that)shesawme.

She said:I sawyou.

She said(that)shehad seenme.

She said:I have seenyou.

She said(that)shehad seenme.

She said:I will seeyou.

She said(that)shewould seeme.

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Objeto indireto

(após o verbo introdutório)

She saidto me :Iseeyou.

Shetold me(that)shesawme.

She saidto me :Isawyou.

Shetold me(that)shehad seenme.

She saidto me :I have seenyou.

Shetold me(that)shehad seenme.

She saidto me :Iwill seeyou.

Shetold me(that)shewould seeme.

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ask

want to know

Perguntas

wonder

He said:Whereis yourson?

Heaskedwheremysonwas .

She said:Whathappenedto Paul?

Sheasked whathad happenedto Paul.

She said:When willyouarrive?

SheaskedwhenIwouldarrive.

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If and whether

He said :Doyouknowmywife?

Heasked if (whether)I knewhiswife.

She said :Haveyougoneto France?

Sheasked if (whether)I had goneto France.

Daddy said :Areyoua good student?

Daddyaskedif (whether)I werea good student.

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tell

ask

Imperativo

order

warn

He saidto Peter :Openthe door!

Hetold Peterto openthe door!

He saidto Peter :Don’t openthe door !

Hetold Peternot to openthe door !

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Advérbios de tempo e pronomes demonstrativos

that

this

those

these

there

here

then, at that moment

now

that day

today.

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yesterday

tomorrow

next(week, month)

last (week, month)

(a year, two days)ago.

the day before

the following(day)

the following(week, month)

the previous(week, month)

(a year, two days)before.

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Examples:

Paul saidto us, “Iwill not stayhere now” .

Paultold us(that)hewould not staythere then.

I saidto Mary, “Don’t tellanybodyyouhave beenhere”.

Iasked Marynot to tellanybodyshehad been there.

She saidto me, “Willyoucomeagaintomorrow ? ”

Sheasked me ifI would comeagainthe following day.

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Reescreva as afirmativas abaixo no discurso indireto.

a) My friend saidto me, “Don’t forgetto answer Peter’s letter”.

My friendtold menot to forgetto answer Peter’s letter.

b) Peter saidto her, “Whyhaveyoubeenstudying so hard?”

Peter asked herwhyshehad beenstudying so hard.

c)George said, “I believeIsawherlast night”.

George saidhebelievedhehad seenherthe night before .

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d) Alice saidto Peter, “Whydon’tyou help me ?”

Aliceasked Peterwhyhedidn’t helpher.

e) They said to John, “Didourdogbiteyoursisteryesterday ?”

Theyasked Johnwhether their doghad bittenhissisterthe day before.

f) He saidto his niece, “Whereareyoutakingyourbike now ?“

Heasked his niecewhereshe was takingherbikethen .

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g) She said, “DopeoplespeakEnglish inthis country ? “

Sheasked ifpeoplespokeEnglish in that country.

h) She saidto us, “Beready today”.

She told usto bereadythat day.

i) She saidto the children,“Don’t playin the garden .

She told the children notto playin the garden.

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Test 1

(Fuvest)- Assinale a alternativa que equivale ao seguinte:

Suddenly Peter said to me, "Are you hungry?"

a) Suddenly Peter said that I was hungry.

b) Suddenly Peter told me that I was hungry.

c) Suddenly Peter asked if he were hungry.

d) Suddenly Peter asked me whether I were hungry.

e) Peter informed me that he was hungry.

x

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Test 2

(Mackenzie)- Change the sentence to the Reported Speech:

Sally said to me, "Do you know what time it is?"

a) Sally asked me if I knew what time it was.

b) Sally told me whether she knew what time it was.

c) Sally asked me whether she know what time it is.

d) Sally asked me if I know what time it is.

e) Sally told me if I knew what time was it.

x

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Test 3

(UFRG)- Considere a frase: If you don't feed your Tamagotchi, it will die.

Escolha a melhor opção para reescrevê-la, começando com“She told me that ...”

a) if I won't feed my Tamagotchi, it would die.

b) if you didn't feed your Tamagotchi, it had died.

c) if I didn't feed my Tamagotchi, it would have died.

d) if I didn't feed my Tamagotchi, it would die.

e) if you haven't fed your Tamagotchi, it will have died.

x

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Test 4

(PUC – PR)- Choose the correct indirect form for:

Oliver said to her: "What will you do tomorrow?"

a) He asked her what she would do the following day.

b) He told her what she would do the following day.

c) She wondered what he will do the next day.

d) He wanted to know what he would do the following day.

e) She asked what she would do the next day.

x

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Test 5

(Mackenzie)- A forma indireta de “Would you like to go out tonight ?" é:

a) He asked her if she would have liked to go out tonight.

b) He asked if would she like to go out that night.

c) He asked whether she'd like to go out that night.

d) He asked whether she had liked to go out that night.

e) He asked if she'd liked to go out tonight.

x

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1. (FMU) – Then he said to me: “Go to bed and don’t get up till you are called.”

a)Then he told me not to go to bed and not to get up till I am called.

b)Then he told me to go to bed and not to get up till I was called.

c)Then he said to me to go to bed and not to get up till I am called.

d)Then he said to me not to go to bed and not get up till I was called.

e)Then he told me to go to bed and not to got up till I was called.

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2. (OSEC) – She told the children _______ in the garden.

a)wouldn’t play

b)not to play

c)won’t play

d)don’t play

e)stop playing

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3. (PUC-MG) – One indirect speech transformation of “I’ve found a lot more things” her cousin said to her is:

a)Her cousin told her that he would have found a lot more things.

b)Her cousin told her that he would find a lot more things.

c)Her cousin told her that he had found a lot more things.

d)Her cousin told her that he was finding a lot more things.

e)Her cousin told her that he had been finding a lot more things.

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4. (MACKENZIE) – “Don’tyou want anything else” ? She asked him.

a)She asked him didn’t he want anything else.

b)She asked him if he didn’t want anything else.

c)She asked him that he didn’t want anything else.

d)She asked him if doesn’t he want anything else.

e)She asked him if he wants anything else.

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5. (FUVEST) – Qual é a forma indireta correspondente à forma direta: The teacher said: “Areyou sure youhave all understood me?”

a)The teacher said if you are sure you had understood him.

b)The teacher asked whether we were sure we did understood him.

c)The teacher said if we all are sure we have understood him.

d)The teacher asked if they were sure they had all understood him.

e)The teacher asked them to be sure to understand him.

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6. (UFU-MG) – Mark the alternative in which the “indirect speech” is used correctly:

We met at the bridge and he said: “I’ ll behere again tomorrow.”

a)We met at the bridge and he said, “I’ll be there again tomorrow.”

b)We met at the bridge and he said that he would be there again the next day.

c)We met at the bridge and he said that he will be here again the day before.

d)We meet at the bridge and he says, I will be here again tomorrow.”

e)We meet at the bridge and they said that they would in there again yesterday.

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7. (CESGRANRIO) – Choose the correct form of the indirect speech.

The manager said: “I’m very sorry it’s disturbing you.”

a)The manager said that the lady was sorry if was disturbing you.

b)The manager said that he is very sorry it was disturbing you.

c)The manager said that he was very sorry it would disturb her.

d)The manager said that he was very sorry it was disturbing her.

e)The manager says that he had been very sorry it would have disturbed her.

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8. (F. São Luís-SP) – Escolha a alternativa correspondente ao discurso indireto da seguinte frase:

He said: “Iarrived yesterday”.

a)He said he had arrived yesterday.

b)He said he arrived yesterday.

c)He said I had arrived the day before.

d)He said he had arrived the day before.

e)He said he has been arriving the day before

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9. (PUC-CAMPINAS) – He said: Idrank three bottles of beer.

a)He told he drank three bottles of beer.

b)He said he had drink three bottles of beer.

c)He said he had drunk three bottles of beer.

d)He said he drunk three bottles of beer.

e)He has said he has drunk three bottles of beer.

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10. (UFMG) – She said: “Iam washing my car”.

a)She said that she washes cars.

b)She said that she was washing her car.

c)She said to wash her car.

d)She said that she is washing her car.

e)She said that she has been washing her car.