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Effects of Tobacco Use . Lesson 3. The Georgia Performance Standards for Health Education are content standards and provide an outline for curriculum development. https://www.georgiastandards.org/Standards/Pages/BrowseStandards/HealthEd.aspx.

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The Georgia Performance Standards for Health Education are content standards and provide an outline for curriculum development.

  • https://www.georgiastandards.org/Standards/Pages/BrowseStandards/HealthEd.aspx

HE H.S.4: Students will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.

    • c. Summarize how to ask for and offer assistance to enhance the health of self and others.
  • HE H.S.5: Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health.
    • e. Analyze the potential short-term and long-term impact of each decision on self and others.
short term effects of tobacco use
Short Term Effects of Tobacco Use
  • Ashtray breath
  • Discolored teeth, fingers, fingernails
  • Smelly hair and clothes
  • Cigarettes burns in car, on clothes
  • Dry skin
  • Cracked lips, white spots, sores, and bleeding in the mouth (chewing tobacco)
  • Hacking cough
  • Build up of phlegm in the lungs and throat
  • Weakened immune system
  • Decreased sense of smell and taste
  • Increased heart rate and blood


  • Sore throat
long terms effects of tobacco use
Long Terms effects of Tobacco Use
  • Emphysema: a severe condition which causes a shortness of breath
  • Addiction
  • Endurance Loss
  • Loss of taste and smell
  • Cancer
  • Wrinkled skin, stained nails, stained teeth, aged appearance
  • Bronchitis
  • Heart disease
  • Heart Attack
  • Death
effects on the respiratory system
Effects on the Respiratory System
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)- Disease that results in a gradual loss of lung function, includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Many with COPD have both chronic bronchitis and emphysema
  • Chronic bronchitis- Condition where the bronchi are irritated. It results in chronic coughing and excessive mucus secretions.
  • Emphysema- Condition that destroys the tiny air sacs in the lungs through which O2 is absorbed into the body.
  • Smoking causes even more deaths from other respiratory diseases and heart conditions than from cancer.
  • If current trends continue, scientists estimate that tobacco will kill about one billion people in the twenty-first century.
  • Lung Cancer- the leading cause of cancer deaths for both men and women
    • 4 out of 5 cancers are caused by smoking.
    • More than 85% of all lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking.
    • Only 15% of lung cancer patients survive for more than five years.
  • Oral Cancer- about 90% of all oral cancers occur in tobacco users
    • Leukoplakia- result from direct contact with tobacco juices. This is thick, white cancerous spot on the inside of the mouth.

*Tobacco users are at risk of cancers of the

esophagus, larynx, stomach, pancreas,

kidney, bladder and blood.*

Smoking is the single biggest cause of cancer in the world!

  • The people with the highest lung cancer risks are those who:
    • Smoke the most cigarettes per day
    • Smoke over long periods of time
      • Cancer risk is the greatest
    • Start smoking young
smokeless tobacco
Smokeless Tobacco
  • Smokeless Tobacco contains some of the same chemicals that are in tobacco smoke.
  • Most tobacco users spit out the excess tobacco juice but some is swallowed. The tar and chemicals get into your digestive tract causing health problems.
  • Cancer of the mouth, gum, jaw, and tongue.
smokeless tobacco users experience
Smokeless tobacco users experience….
  • Gums tend to disappear from around the teeth
  • Roots of teeth become exposed and most likely will decay
  • Bad and discolored teeth
  • Sense of smell and taste is reduced
  • Lumps in jaw or neck line
  • Leukoplakia
  • Bleeding and soreness in the mouth
  • Difficulty speaking or swallowing
effects of smoking
Effects of Smoking
  • Smoking causes immediate damage to a persons arteries.
  • Each cigarette that is smoked takes 10 minutes of one’s life.
  • Smoking is the cause of 1 out of 5 deaths in the U.S.
  • Children that inhale smoke are more likely to develop asthma.
  • Smoking one pack of cigarettes a day will cost a person about $2000 a year.
effects on nonsmokers
Effects on Nonsmokers
  • Passive smoke: secondhand smoke lingering in the environment, smoke can be either be from mainstream or sidestream smoke
  • Mainstream smoke: smoke that smoker blows off
  • Sidestream smoke: smoke that comes from burning tobacco
pregnancy and smoking
Pregnancy and Smoking
  • Mothers who smoke increase their risks for:
    • Small fetal growth
    • Miscarriages
    • SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome)
    • Stillbirth
    • Developmental problems
  • The mother can pass nicotine to the child through breast milk
how to check heart rate
How to check heart rate
  • Use first 2 fingers and press down on your wrist till you feel a heart beat. This is your artery.
  • There is one in your neck that can be used also.
  • Two ways to check:
    • Count for 10 seconds and multiply by 6
    • Count for 30 seconds and multiply by 2
drawing assignment
Drawing Assignment
  • Get a packet, a piece of paper, and a pencil.
  • You are to draw your own person. Be creative with hair, head and body.
  • Add anything that is related to tobacco products.
  • This person should advertise the effects that tobacco has on the body.
  • Follow the example given.
  • Determining the effects that smoking has on the respiratory system
    • Walk for 1 minute
    • Walk with straw for 1 minute
    • Run for 1 minute
    • Run with straw for 1 minute
  • When using the straw try to close your nose. Air should only be coming out of straw.
  • After each check heart rate