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Social Learning Theory

Social Learning Theory

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Social Learning Theory

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  1. Social Learning Theory The Individual vs. the Environment

  2. Roots in TraditionalLearning Themes • You are what you have experienced • Learning occurs via outcomes • (rewards and punishments) • Best to study animals

  3. Behaviorism

  4. B.F. Skinner

  5. Behaviorism • Purest version of learning theories • Rewards & punishment = conditioning • Emphasis on scientific rigor • Only replicable observation counts

  6. How Behaviorists View the Function of the Brain

  7. Are Rats Little People?

  8. Social Learning Theory • 1960’s • No direct reward necessary • -Allows for thinking ! • -Part of cognitive revolution in • Scientific psychology

  9. Albert Bandura

  10. Two Versions of Social Learning Theory • Vicarious Learning - others get rewarded or punished in view of the learner • Pure Modeling - no one gets rewarded or punished

  11. Who Do We Model?

  12. Parents

  13. Pop Stars

  14. Political Leaders

  15. Historical Figures

  16. Problem Many anti-social role models

  17. Be a Canadian Hero

  18. Be Violent

  19. Be A Crook Like Tony Soprano

  20. Be a Jack-Ass

  21. Even Cartoons!South Park; Beavis & Butthead

  22. Be Skinny

  23. Critique of Learning Theories • No big picture of the person • Too much focus on situations • Ignore biological factors • Mechanical -- No free will

  24. Determinism vs. Free Will • Determinism says that all behavior follows scientific laws • Only Humanistic Theories have free will • No room for free will in learning equation: S -------> R

  25. Life Is A Pool Table

  26. Ayn Ran

  27. Laissez-faire Capitalism • Strongly individualist • opposition to state intervention into personal, social or economic affairs • anti-Communist. • exalted American values of rational egoism and individualism. • strong opposition to mysticism • one of the three founding mothers of modern American libertarianism

  28. Ayn Ran Believed • Psychology is dangerous to society • Takes away responsibility for social behavior such as in the case of: • Violence • Communicable disease control

  29. Case of Robert K. Robert K. was found guilty by a jury of his peers of molesting several children for ten years. They included his own daughter.

  30. Mitigating Factors • He and all of his siblings had psychological problems (e.g., depression; sexual disturbances) • He was an alcoholic • He was poor and uneducated • A brain tumor was discovered; after removal, he no longer molested • He had been sexually abused by both of his own parents

  31. What would you recommend as punishment and why?

  32. Was Ayn Rand Right ? • Those who assume free like Ayn Rand will assign the maximum punishment • Determinists believe that punishment should be handed out in accordance with the circumstances that surrounded the case • What do you believe?

  33. How Would You Intervene? • Determinist? • Free Willer?