Social Learning Theory The Individual vs. the Environment
Roots in TraditionalLearning Themes • You are what you have experienced • Learning occurs via outcomes • (rewards and punishments) • Best to study animals
Behaviorism • Purest version of learning theories • Rewards & punishment = conditioning • Emphasis on scientific rigor • Only replicable observation counts
Social Learning Theory • 1960’s • No direct reward necessary • -Allows for thinking ! • -Part of cognitive revolution in • Scientific psychology
Two Versions of Social Learning Theory • Vicarious Learning - others get rewarded or punished in view of the learner • Pure Modeling - no one gets rewarded or punished
Problem Many anti-social role models
Critique of Learning Theories • No big picture of the person • Too much focus on situations • Ignore biological factors • Mechanical -- No free will
Determinism vs. Free Will • Determinism says that all behavior follows scientific laws • Only Humanistic Theories have free will • No room for free will in learning equation: S -------> R
Laissez-faire Capitalism • Strongly individualist • opposition to state intervention into personal, social or economic affairs • anti-Communist. • exalted American values of rational egoism and individualism. • strong opposition to mysticism • one of the three founding mothers of modern American libertarianism
Ayn Ran Believed • Psychology is dangerous to society • Takes away responsibility for social behavior such as in the case of: • Violence • Communicable disease control
Case of Robert K. Robert K. was found guilty by a jury of his peers of molesting several children for ten years. They included his own daughter.
Mitigating Factors • He and all of his siblings had psychological problems (e.g., depression; sexual disturbances) • He was an alcoholic • He was poor and uneducated • A brain tumor was discovered; after removal, he no longer molested • He had been sexually abused by both of his own parents
Was Ayn Rand Right ? • Those who assume free like Ayn Rand will assign the maximum punishment • Determinists believe that punishment should be handed out in accordance with the circumstances that surrounded the case • What do you believe?
How Would You Intervene? • Determinist? • Free Willer?