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Introduction. Dr : Sherif Mohammed Zaki Assistant professor of anatomy Faculty of medicine Cairo university. Anatomy. Ana : up Tome: cut Anatomy : to cut up : to dissect. Objective . Positions Anatomical terms Planes

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introduction
Introduction

Dr : Sherif Mohammed Zaki

Assistant professor

of anatomy

Faculty of medicine

Cairo university

anatomy
Anatomy
  • Ana : up
  • Tome: cut
  • Anatomy : to cut up

: to dissect.

objective
Objective
  • Positions
  • Anatomical terms
  • Planes
  • Movements
  • General terms
erect anatomical position
Erect anatomical position:
  • Human body is regarded as standing erect.
  • Eyes are looking forwards.
  • Upper limbs are hanging by the sides.
  • Palms are facing forwards.
  • Thumbs are directed laterally.
slide12

Anterior

  • Posterior
slide14

Ventral=

  • anterior
  • Dorsal= posterior
anatomical terms1
Anatomical terms
  • Superior
  • Inferior
anatomical terms3
Anatomical terms
  • Cranial =superior
  • Caudal

=inferior

slide20
5- Median = exactly in the middle line or median plane.

6- Medial = nearer to the median plane.

7- Lateral = away from the median plane.

slide21
8-Proximalnearer to the root of the limb.

9- Distalaway from the root of the limb.

slide22
10- Superficial: towards the skin or the surface of the body.

11- Deep: further away from the skin or the surface of the body.

slide23
12- Internal (inner) = towards the cavity of a hollowed organ.

13- External (outer)= towards the surface of a hollowed organ.

planes1
Planes

HORIZONTAL PLANE:

It is a transverse plane,

which runs horizontally cutting the body into:

  • Upper (superior)
  • Lower (inferior) parts.
planes2
Planes

MEDIAN

( SAGITTAL) PLANE:

  • It is the vertical plane, which passes in the middle line of the body dividing it longitudinally intoright & left equal halves
planes3
Planes

CORONAL PLANE:

It is the plane, which cuts the body vertically into:

  • an anterior part towards the front of the body
  • a posterior part towards the back of the body.
slide33

Skin

  • Fascia
  • Artery
  • Vein
  • Vessels
  • Bone
  • Joint
slide34

Articulation

  • Ligament
  • Muscle
  • Tendon
  • Nerve