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  1. The Free Response Question For ever to be known by you as the… F. R. Q.

  2. The AP Exam • There are three free-response questions . • The section begins with a mandatory 15-minute reading period. • You'll have 45 minutes to answer the DBQ. • You will then have 70 minutes to answer two thematic essay questions. • The DBQ essay is worth 45 percent of the free-response score; the two thematic essays together contribute 55 percent of the free-response score. • That’s 130 minutes if you are scoring at home!

  3. The Scoring Rubric (FRQ) Getting into the Garden of the happiest place on earth!

  4. Validates thesis with evidence. (2) Address all parts of question. (2) Essay is well organized. (1) Has acceptable thesis. (1) THE BASIC CORE:The stepping stones to get to the Garden Correct chronology! Clear introduction Preview statements, topic sentences. Accurate and appropriate historical data! Does not restate the question. Offers original interpretation!

  5. Inside the Palace Walls! The Expanded Core:

  6. The Expanded Core (3) Shows Excellence • Has a clear, analytical, and comprehensive thesis. • Addresses all parts of the question thoroughly. • Addresses all parts of the question evenly. • Provides ample historical to substantiate thesis. • Uses historical context effectively to make argument. • Develops and expands argument with links to relevant ideas, events, trends. • Overall argument is sophisticated and complex.

  7. The Directive Words…(follow these words for full points) • Analyze: determine the component parts; examine their nature and relationship. "Analyze the major social and technological changes that took place in European warfare between 1789 and 1871." • Assess/evaluate: judge the value or character of something; appraise; evaluate the positive points and the negative ones; give an opinion regarding the value of; discuss the advantages and disadvantages of. "'Luther was both a revolutionary and a conservative.' Evaluate this statement with respect to Luther's responses to the political and social questions of his day." • Compare: examine for the purpose of noting similarities and differences. "Compare the rise to power of fascism in Italy and in Germany."

  8. Directive words… • Contrast: examine in order to show dissimilarities or points of difference. "Contrast the ways in which European skilled artisans of the mid-eighteenth century and European factory workers of the late nineteenth century differed in their work behavior and in their attitudes toward work." • Describe: give an account of; tell about; give a word picture of. "Describe and analyze how overseas expansion by European states affected global trade and international relations from 1600 to 1715." • Discuss: talk over; write about; consider or examine by argument or from various points of view; debate; present the different sides of. "Discuss the extent to which nineteenth-century Romanticism was or was not a conservative cultural and intellectual movement."

  9. Directive words… • Explain: make clear or plain; make clear the causes or reasons for; make known in detail; tell the meaning of. "Explain how economic, political, and religious factors promoted European explorations from about 1450 to about 1525." • Identify: cite specific events, phenomena, and show a connection. "Identify the social and economic factors in preindustrial England that explain why England was the first country to industrialize."

  10. The Thesis Statement! • This is the position you will take on the subject of the essay. • It is a concise, specific statement that will support the rest of your essay. • Once developed it can be the framework of your paper.

  11. Handout on Thesis Creation • Give it content! Propose an idea that will require support and illustration to be made convincing. • Limit the scope. Prepare to re-write in narrower terms. • Include: limited topic, the attitude, and an indication of direction of development

  12. Handout… • Avoid faulty generalizations. DANGER WORDS: • All, none, no, any, never, always, only, or everyone. • These usually mean faulty generalizations. • A strong thesis will show you are in control of the material and will organize your essay.

  13. Let’s write some thesis statements! • Example: