Organisations- og Virksomhedsteori. 1. undervisningsgang – 28. januar 2013. Lectures, Spring 2013. Introduction of lecturer. Name: John Tronborg Age: 43 Background: Cand. it, e-Business ITU HD(O) Strategic Management & Business Development CBS
Organisations- og Virksomhedsteori 1. undervisningsgang – 28. januar 2013
Introduction of lecturer Name: John Tronborg Age: 43Background: Cand. it, e-Business ITU HD(O) Strategic Management & Business DevelopmentCBS Datanom, IT Project Management • Professional moves; • Solution Manager, CSC • External lecturer at ITU; Advanced Organization Theory (MVOT) • Management Consultant Self Employed • Senior Manager, ERP Advisory Ernst & Young • Principal SAP Business Consulting • Head of Business IT Carlsberg Denmark • Head of SAP Competency centre H. Lundbeck
Course structure and content • Strategizing • Organizational Power, Control & Conflict • Organizational Culture • Technology • Organizational Social Structure • Organizations and Environment • Theory in Practice / New directions in Organization Theory • Other articles, such as Prahalad and Hamel
Introduction of Concepts and Abstractions Concepts provide mental categories for sorting, organizing and storing experience in memory. They are ideas formed by the process of abstraction, who may be defined as the ’formation of an idea by mental separation from particular instances’.
Introduction of Ontology and Epistemology Ontology is concerned about reality. It deals with questions concerning what entities exist or can be said to exist, and how such entities can be grouped, related within a hierarchy, and subdivided according to similarities and differences Parmenides was among the first to propose an ontological characterization of the fundamental nature of reality. Epistemology is concerned with knowing how you can know. It is focused on analyzing the nature of knowledge and how it relates to similar notions such as truth, belief, and justification. It also deals with the means of production of knowledge, as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims.
Introduction of Concepts and Abstractions Bike Dog Mass Computer Abstraction level Mental categories for sorting, organizing and storing experience in human memory ... The formation of an idea by mental separation from particular instances
Concepts and Abstractions Environment Culture Social Structure Technology Abstraction level Mental categories for sorting, organizing and storing experience in human memory ... The formation of an idea by mental separation from particular instances
About theories • Explanatory concepts relation to the phenomenon of interest Phenomenon of interest Concept: Mass E=MC2 Concept: Speed of light2 Græsk ”phaiómenon” – ´det der viser sig´ • Theory is a set of concepts and the relationships between them proposed to explain the phenomenon of interest
About theories • Since human behavior is unpredictable, mathematical equations are unsuited for explaining such. • Alternatives: • Statistical probabilities • Chaos theories • CAS theories • Metaphors or analogues
Sources of inspiration for organization theory Symbolic Interpretive Prehistory Modern Postmodern 1900 – 1950s 1960s – 1970s 1980s 1990s Schütz Whyte Selznick Goffman Gadamer Berger & Luckman Weick Geertz Clifford & Marcus SmithMarxDurkheimTaylorFollet Fayol Weber Gulick Barnard Von Bertalanffy Trist & Bamforth Boulding March & Simon Emery Burns & Stalker Woodward Lawrence & Lorsch Thompson Saussure Foucault Bell Jencks Derrida Lyotard Rorty Lash & Urry Baudrillard Economics Political Science Cultural Anthropology Linguistics Liteary Theory Engineering Folklore Studies Postmodern Architecture Biology-Ecology Sociology Poststructural Philosophy CulturalStudies Social Semiotics and Hermeneutics Social Psychology
Multiple perspectives Different ways of looking at the world produce different knowledge and thus different perspectives come to be associated with their own concepts and theories A particular way of making beliefs, assumptions and knowledge of the world is called a paradigm In order to compare modernism, symbolic-interpretivism and postmodernism, you will need to examine the assumptions underlying each of the three perspectives
Ontology and Epistemology Ontology is concerned with our assumptions about reality. Is there an objective reality out there or is it subjective, existing only in our minds?? Depending on the perspective, one will some things status of being real, while you will disregard others Subjectivists Objectivists Things only exists when you experience and give it meaning Reality exists independently of those who live in it
Ontology and Epistemology Epistemology is concerned with knowing how you can know How do humans generate knowledge, what are the criteria by which they discriminate good knowledge from bad and how should reality be represented or described?
Case Methodology Generic Case Methodology Problem identification and analysis Statement of problem(s) Generation and evaluation of solutions Recommen-dations and implementation Introduction Conslusion 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. An example on a specific methodology: http://www.buseco.monash.edu.au/publications/qmanual/ch-08.html