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North Cuba Oil Exploration. Impact to US Waters & Coastline LT Shaun Edwards US Coast Guard District 7 28 OCT 2010. Timeline. JAN-MAR 2011: Scarebeo 9 will be delivered to Cuba MAR-JUN 2011: Rig preparation for drilling JUN 2011: Exploration begins. Offshore Continental Shelf Activity.

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north cuba oil exploration

North Cuba Oil Exploration

Impact to US Waters & Coastline

LT Shaun Edwards

US Coast Guard District 7

28 OCT 2010

timeline
Timeline

JAN-MAR 2011: Scarebeo 9 will be delivered to Cuba

MAR-JUN 2011: Rig preparation for drilling

JUN 2011: Exploration begins

trajectory analysis
Trajectory Analysis
  • Given that the Cuban oil wells would be off coast of Havana - or the northwestern shore of Cuba - the gulf stream would dominate any spilled oil.
  • It is expected that the trade winds, with the predominate easterly flow, would retard the oil's trajectory slightly but the strong gulf stream would force the product to the east and eventually north through the Straits of Florida.
  • It is unlikely that any oil product from these Cuban wells would impact the Southern Florida shoreline or Florida Keys.
  • It is possible, however, that a catastrophic release of oil from the north shore of Cuba could eventually impact the eastern coast of Florida from West Palm beach up to Cape Canaveral and farther north.
  • There is a slight probability, given the high persistence of easterly winds, that oil could enter the Loop Current. If this were the case, within weeks, oil, in the form of weathered tarballs or patties, could impact the western shores of Florida from St. Petersburg to Cape Romano.
summary of threatened areas
Summary of Threatened Areas
  • Western FL: Minimal
  • Keys: Minimal
  • East coast of FL: Probable
  • Further North (Cape Hatteras):

Minimal

  • Cuba: Probable on Eastern side
  • Bahamas: Possible
  • Bermuda: Possible
international plans
International Plans

MARPOL 73/78

Cartagena Convention (1983)

Caribbean Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response & Cooperation 1990 (OPRC)

oil spill response challenges
Oil Spill Response Challenges
  • US embargo on Cuba makes responding to an oil spill in Cuban waters challenging- companies must be licensed by US Treasury to send equipment & people:
    • Titan Salvage
    • Clean Caribbean & Americas (CCA)
    • International Assc. Of Drilling Contractors
  • Environment:
    • Fast moving/high current Gulf Stream
  • Cuban response capabilities
    • Currently not capable to respond to a large oil spill- don’t have the equipment or trained personnel
way ahead considerations
Way Ahead Considerations

Review/update current Regional Contingency Plan

Establish working group to create a section in the RCP to address spills crossing RRT and/or International boundries.

Conduct Joint Exercises