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Family Pinaceae. By Jerry Warmbold. http://www.mnhs.org/places/other/roadside/images/myjpslf.jpg. Geographical Range . Primarily found in the northern hemisphere, and high altitudes Although a few species can be found further south such as Asia, and Northern Africa .

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family pinaceae

Family Pinaceae

By Jerry Warmbold

http://www.mnhs.org/places/other/roadside/images/myjpslf.jpg

geographical range
Geographical Range
  • Primarily found in the northern hemisphere, and high altitudes
  • Although a few species can be found further south such as Asia, and Northern Africa
pinaceae the pine family
Pinaceae“The Pine Family”
  • Kingdom – Plantae
      • Division – Pinophyta/Coniferophyta
          • Class – Pinopsida
            • Order – Pinales/Coniferales
              • Family – Pinaceae
  • ~9-12 Genera
  • ~210 Species
pinaceae the pine family1
Pinaceae“The Pine Family”
  • Trees, a few shrubs
  • Branches whorled, sometimes opposite, rarely alternate
  • Needle like leaves, often in fascicles depending on genus
  • Leaves alternate on branch, or are in fascicles on shoots
  • Female Cones have woody scales in a spiral arrangement
pinaceae the pine family2
Pinaceae“The Pine Family”
  • Female cones are woody
  • Scales are arranged spirally with the bract and seed scales being separate
balsam fir
Balsam Fir

Abiesbalsamifera

  • single flat needles with white stripe

http://www.plantsystematics.org/imgs/robbin/r/Pinaceae_Abies_balsamifera_35257.html

tamarack
Tamarack

http://www.plantsystematics.org/imgs/dws/r/Pinaceae_Larix_laricina_12687.html

http://www.plantsystematics.org/imgs/dws/r/Pinaceae_Larix_laricina_4091.html

Larixlaricina

  • 1” needles
  • Fascicles of 10-25
  • Only genus in Pinaceae that isn’t evergreen
jack pine
Jack Pine
  • Pinusbanksiana
  • 1- 2” long needles
  • Fascicles of 2

http://www.plantsystematics.org/imgs/avasco/r/Pinaceae_Pinus_banksiana_16593.html

red pine
Red Pine
  • Pinusresinosa
  • 3 – 6” long needles
  • Fascicles of 2

http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/p/wpire--tw50514.jpg

white pine
White Pine
  • Pinusstrobus
  • 2 – 4” long needles
  • Fascicles of 5

http://www.plantsystematics.org/imgs/robbin/r/Pinaceae_Pinus_strobus_24522.html

references
References
  • Walters, Dirk., Keil, David., Murrell, Zack. 2006. Vascular Plant Taxonomy . 5th ed. U.S.: Kendall/Hunt. 180. Print.
  • Campbell, Judd., Kellogg, C., Stevens, E. P.F. 1999. Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach. Sunderland, MA, Sinauer Associates, Inc. http://www.geobotany.uaf.edu/teaching/biol474/plant_family_char act.html
  • Brundrett, Mark. 2008. Mycorrhizal Associations: The Web Resource. mycorrhizas.info