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American Military Traditions, Customs, And Courtesies. Unit 1, chapter 1, lesson 8 Pages 65-72. Key Terms. Cannon salute – the firing of a salute by a battery of guns or cannons to honor a person or military, national, or civic importance or to honor a significant national event

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American Military Traditions, Customs, And Courtesies

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american military traditions customs and courtesies

American Military Traditions, Customs, And Courtesies

Unit 1, chapter 1, lesson 8

Pages 65-72

key terms
Key Terms
  • Cannon salute – the firing of a salute by a battery of guns or cannons to honor a person or military, national, or civic importance or to honor a significant national event
  • Courtesies – an act of politeness or gracious manners; the use of polite gestures or remarks
  • Customs – a long established practice fallowed as a matter of course among people, oftentimes considered an unwritten law or repeated practice
  • Dress – to attire with certain degree or uniformity; an appetence appropriate or particular to a particular time.
  • Espirit de corps – the common spirit or feeling od pride found in the members of a group and inspiring enthusiasm, devotion, and strong regard for the honor of the group
  • Mess – group of persons, usually in the military, who regularly eat meals together; the place were such meals are served
  • Positionofhonor – a military courtesy of usually keeping seniors to your right while walking or siting
  • Reporting – presenting oneself to a senior
  • Ruffles and flourishes – a drum and bugle salute, usually to honor military or civil officials
  • Salutes – a sign or forms of exchange used to greet or to show respect and recognition
  • Self-propelled – to have the ability in itself to move
  • Traditions– the passing down of elements of a culture (such as knowledge, beliefs, or customs) from one generation to another
  • Uncasing – removing the case from colors that are attached to the staff
  • Uncovered – to remove hat or other headwear; to bare headed or without covering.
what you will learn and gain
What you will Learn and Gain
  • You will explore the purpose of military traditions, customs, and courtesies
  • How to treat yourself and others with respect
  • Distinguish among the types of personal salutes
  • Relate Army Ranks to their proper titles
  • Determine situations requiring a salute
  • Identify forms of respect to senior officers
  • Define key terms contained in this lesson
  • The purpose of military traditions, customs, and courtesies is to develop pride in the military service, and to establish strong bonds of professional and personal friendships.
  • This lesson will familiarize you with these traditions, customs, and courtesies.
traditions and customs
Traditions and Customs
  • Two of the more common military traditions and customs are dress and ceremonies.
  • Dress sets the branches of the armed forces apart from one another. Each branch has a formal, Simi-formal, black tie, white tie, informal, and casual dress codes that are appropriate for various occasions and settings.
  • throughout history, military ceremonies represent pride, discipline, and teamwork. Ceremonies help preserve traditions and build esprit de corps.
  • Personal salutes are honors govern to dignitaries, civil officers, and military officials. They include cannon salutes, ruffles and flourishes, and a march or anthem, depending on the official.
  • Cannon Salute – a cannon salute is to honor civil or military officials from the United States or foreign Countries. a commissioned officer directs the firing of the cannons weather they are towed, self-propelled, or mounted tank
  • Ruffles and Flourishes – the army plays Ruffles and Flourishes together, Ruffles on the drums and flourishes on the bugles. Depending on the position of the person it is being played for determines the number of times it is played.
  • Courtesies honor people with actions or words to show respect, authority, and achievement. The use of titles and salutes are two courtesies that honor members of the military
  • One military counties is the use of titles to show respect for superiors. If you do not know a persons name you may address all medical officers by their rank and all male officers as “sir” and all female officers as “ma’am”.
  • If you know their name call them by their rank and their name
  • In addition to titles the army also the military requires salutes in many cases.
  • A sloppy or poorly given salute can mean a number of different problems including:
    • An inappropriate attitude or possible disrespect for a person who deserves the honor
    • A lack of understanding on how to execute a salute
hand salute
Hand Salute
  • The hand salute is one of the most recognizable courtesies of the military way of life.
  • Ages ago, the salute was a greeting indicating that you did not have a weapon in your hand.
  • Today, it is a way to show respect.
whom to salute
Whom to Salute
  • All senior officers and warrant officers
  • Generally you do not salute noncommissind officers or petty officers; however there are exceptions
    • For example a squad leader saluting the platoon sergeant when making a report
how to salute
How to Salute
  • When the command of “present arms” is given, you execute a salute. If you are not carrying a rifle then give a hand salute.
  • When Reporting or rendering courtesy to an individual, turn your head and eyes towards the person and simultaneously salute.
when to salute
When to Salute
  • When you meet and recognize a person entitled to honor, except under the fallowing conditions:
    • When on public transportation, including buses
    • When in public places such as stores or theaters
    • When giving the salute would be inappropriate or physical impartiality
    • While indoors except when reporting to an officer or when on duty as a guard
    • When one or both parties are in civilian cloths
  • Conditions in which you must salute:
    • when you hear the national anthem
    • When the national colors pass you
    • During all official greetings
    • During revelry or retreat, when in site of the flag or the sound of the music and in uniform
    • During the rendering/sounding of honors
    • When first uncasing the colors or later when casing them
    • When pledging allegiance to the flag while outdoors and in uniform
    • When reporting
  • Reporting is requesting and obtaining permission to speak to a senior officer or being notified that a senior officer wants to speak with you
  • How you report will variety according to local policy and location
showing respect to senior officers
Showing Respect to Senior Officers
  • When an officer enters an office for the first time each day, the first person to see the officer calls the room to attention
  • If at any time, another, higher ranking officer enters the office, the first person to see that officer again calls the room to attention
  • When an officer enters a dinning facility, the first person to see the officer call the mess to “at ease” you may remain seated and continue eating unless directed otherwise by the officer
position of honor
Position of Honor
  • The position of honor directs that those lower rank walks, sits, or ride to the left of those with senior rank.
  • When entering a vehicle the lowest ranking solider will get in the vehicle first to remain on the left, and will be the first to leave the vehicle
  • This comes from medieval times where knights fought with their right hand and held their shield in their left. Their right side, their fighting side, was their place of honor
  • The pride and respect that comes from traditions, customs, and courtesies make for a strong, well-run organization.
  • Taking part in these traditions, customs, and courtesies help build esprit de corps in your unit.
  • By showing proper respect for senior officers, you will gain from others and a since of pride within yourself.
  • Using the proper salutes and actions show that you are proud of yourself, your unit, and Army JROTC.
lesson review
Lesson Review
  • Give examples of three common ceremonies.
  • Give two examples of personal salutes and explain each one.
  • How should a cadet address a Warrant Officer?
  • Define the term “esprit de corps”