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Standard 20. The student will analyze the domestic and international impact of the Cold War on the United States. A. The Marshall Plan. The Marshall Plan was developed to help rebuild Europe after the war. It was also known as the European Recovery Program.

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standard 20

Standard 20

The student will analyze the domestic and international impact of the Cold War on the United States.

the marshall plan
The Marshall Plan
  • The Marshall Plan was developed to help rebuild Europe after the war.
  • It was also known as the European Recovery Program.
  • Another goal of it was to save Europe from Communism.
  • The Marshall Plan gave economic aid to any nation that promises to resist Communism and remain committed to democracy.
  • WW II signals the end of the U.S. as a country that supports neutrality as a foreign policy.
containment
Containment
  • Containment is the military strategy for the western powers, developed by George Kennan
  • The goal is to contain Communism and not let it spread
  • The overriding goal of American policy of the 1950’s was to stop Communism from spreading
  • This is why we go to war in Korea during the 50’s.
the truman doctrine
The Truman Doctrine
  • Truman called on the US to take a leadership role in the affairs of the world.
  • He wanted the US to work to prevent the spread of Communism by supporting weaker nations.
china goes communist
China Goes Communist
  • Led by Mao Zedong, the communists took control of China in 1949.
  • Mao led China through the Great Leap Forward during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
    • An attempted movement to move China from a farming country to an industrialized nation.
    • It failed horribly.
      • It destroyed the educational and economic systems of China.
      • Millions of Chinese starved to death during the Great Leap Forward.
the korean war
The Korean War
  • In June 1950, the Korean War broke out when North Korean troops crossed the 38th parallel into South Korea.
  • In July 1953, a truce, not a peace treaty, was signed and divided Korea at almost the exact place as before the war, the 38th parallel.
the mccarthy era
The McCarthy Era
  • Republican senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin claimed in 1950 he knew of 205 communists in the government.
  • This started the red scare of the 1950s.
  • When he accused the army of protecting communists, the government ended his career.
cuban revolution
Cuban Revolution
  • In 1958, Fidel Castro took over Cuba.
  • The US refused to help because the CIA said the revolution was full of communists.
  • The US cut ties with Cuba after Castro confiscated US property in Cuba.
  • Cuba was then forced to turn to the Soviet Union for assistance.
the bay of pigs
The Bay of Pigs
  • An unsuccessful April 17, 1961 United States CIA-backed invasion of Cuba.
  • The US was attempting to overthrow Fidel Castro’s communist government.
  • It greatly damaged the American image around the world.
the cuban missile crisis
The Cuban Missile Crisis
  • In 1962, Russia began placing nuclear weapons in Cuba.
  • The US demanded that these weapons be removed from Cuba.
    • The nuclear missiles given to Cuba could have easily reached Washington D.C. and the entire eastern seaboard.
  • The US established a naval blockade around Cuba to prevent the weapons from entering Cuba.
  • Russian ships turned around before confronting the blockade and prevented an escalation of the crisis.
    • It is the moment when the Cold War came closest to a nuclear war.
the vietnam war
The Vietnam War
  • Ho Chi Minh was the leader of communist North Vietnam.
  • The US supported the democratic South Vietnam.
  • The US fought to prevent the spread of communism into South Vietnam.
the tet offensive
The Tet Offensive
  • It was an attack by the North Vietnamese against the South Vietnamese and the US that started on the Vietnamese holiday of Tet.
  • Although the attack was not effective for the North Vietnamese, it did have a profound impact on the American public.
    • The American public had been told that the US was winning the war and that the North Vietnamese were unable to do something of this magnitude.
  • The Tet Offensive lead to the growth of American opposition to the Vietnam War at home.
opposition to the war
Opposition to the War
  • American military commanders had told the public that all they needed was a “real battle” and they could defeat the Viet Cong
  • The Tet Offensive provided that battle and the Communists acquitted themselves well against the power of the US
  • This contradicted the military and led the American public to question their government and their military
  • Protest was significant following the Tet Offensive and the people started to call for US withdrawal
  • These shocking photos also helped change public opinion about the war.
essay questions
Essay Questions
  • How does the media play a roll in the public’s view of world events and wars?
  • Explain the similarities and differences with the Vietnam War and the War in Iraq.

This is due today. Each answer must be a least 8 sentences long.