habitats of the world
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Habitats of the World. What is a habitat?. Every animal has a habitat , which is where an animal (or plant) lives and grows. The habitat an animal lives in provides it with food, water, and shelter. Group Discussion: are all habitats the same? Can a horse and a whale live together?.

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what is a habitat
What is a habitat?
  • Every animal has a habitat, which is where an animal (or plant) lives and grows.
  • The habitat an animal lives in provides it with food, water, and shelter.
  • Group Discussion: are all habitats the same?
    • Can a horse and a whale live together?
Not all habitats are the same, and that’s why a horse (who lives on land) and a whale (who thrives in the water) can never live together.
  • Since animals have different needs, they adapt differently to their habitat.
  • Some prefer dry, arid habitats; others like it wet!
  • Today, we’ll be talking about the dry habitats.
dry habitats

Dry Habitats






desert habitat
Desert Habitat
  • A desert is hot and dry
  • It receives very little rainfall (if any at all)
  • The soil is often very sandy or rocky.
  • Desert temperatures can range from over 100°F, but can plummet to 35°F at night.
characteristics of desert animals
Characteristics of Desert Animals
  • Avoiding Heat
    • Many desert animals sleep during the day because it’s too hot. At night, they come out to eat. They are nocturnal.
    • Some also burrow under the sand or use dens
  • Dissipating Heat
    • Some animals have very long ears that release the heat inside their bodies like radiators.
    • Many animals are lighter in color, which reflects a lot of the sun off of them (black and dark colored animals absorb the sun)
characteristics of desert animals continued
Characteristics of Desert Animals (continued)
  • Acquiring Water
    • Most animals in the desert get their water right from the prickly, yet succulent plants they eat, such as cactus.
  • Retaining Water
    • - Some animals can store water in their bodies for a long period of time (like a camel)
woodlands habitat
Woodlands Habitat
  • A forest (excluding rainforests) is a habitat made up of trees.
  • The tree canopies usually overlap and create a long, continuous shaded “roof” for the animals.
  • Many woodland habitats have been cleared for timber and building materials.
characteristics of woodland animals
Characteristics of Woodland Animals


Many animals have amazing sense of hearing. Their ears twitch to detect small sounds

Eyes and Ears

  • Many woodland animals have eyes and ears that face forward to focus on their pray.
  • Their eyes are quick to detect movement, but they can’t see things that are still as easily.
characteristics of woodland animals continued
Characteristics of Woodland Animals (continued)


Some animals have spotted fur that helps it camouflage into the environment, using the many trees to their advantage.


Some animals hibernate during the winter months when food is scarce and it gets chilly.

grasslands habitat
Grasslands Habitat
  • Grasslands are dominated by grass and forbs, and have little or no trees.
  • Grazing animals usually live here, because they eat the grass.
  • Seasonal drought, occasional fires, and animals grazing are what prevent tree growth.
  • Grasslands have hot summers (100°F) and Cold winters (-40°F).
  • They only have 10-35 inches of precipitation a year.
characteristics of grassland animals
Characteristics of grassland animals


Many animals have fur color that matches the color of the grass and it is hard to spot them when they crouch down.

Digestion of Grass

  • Many grassland animals, such as bison, have flat-topped teeth and digestive systems that make eating grasses easier.
characteristics of grassland animals continued
Characteristics of grassland animals (continued)

Need for Speed

Many animals can run extremely fast in the grassland environment.

This is to either catch prey or run away from predators.


  • Many animals in the grasslands have few places to hide from predators (if anywhere).
  • Because of this, they travel and live in large groups, called herds (or prides).
tundra habitat
Tundra Habitat
  • The tundra is a treeless, polar desert found in really high and really low latitudes.
    • It’s called a desert because precipitation is under 10 inches per year.
  • Vegetation is really scattered and scarce.
  • The soil (permafrost) rarely thaws for long enough to support vegetation.
  • The subsurface of a tundra is usually frozen (it’s so cold there!)
characteristics of tundra animals
Characteristics of Tundra Animals

Thick Coat

  • Many animals in the tundra have a very thick coat of fur that minimizes how much skin is exposed to the freezing air.

Skin Color

  • Some animals, like the polar bear, have black skin which absorbs and traps in heat.
  • Their fur is still white to blend in with the snow.
pop quiz

Pop Quiz!

No, you can’t go to the bathroom.

desert animals may have large ears that
Desert animals may have large ears that

Hear their predators coming from far away

Radiate heat away from their bodies

Allow them to fan themselves with their ears

Make them feel better when they watch the movie Dumbo

Next Question

woodlands have a lot of these which make it easier for many animals to hide behind
Woodlands have a lot of these, which make it easier for many animals to hide behind.


Other Animals



Next Question

trees cannot grow in the grasslands because of
Trees cannot grow in the grasslands because of

Seasonal Drought

Animal Grazing

Occasional Fires

All of the Above

Next Question

grassland animals travel
Grassland animals travel

In herds


With just one other animal

With luggage

Next Question

a tundra receives as much rainfall as
A Tundra receives as much rainfall as

The Rainforest

The Grasslands

The Desert

The Woodlands

I’m done with my quiz!


Let’s move on to the next question

aw shucks try that one again
Aw, shucks. Try that one again!

Back to the last question