Plant Design Summary. We. Process & Plant Design. Don’t Panic. Just calm down . You are a Chemical Engineer . What Is a Project?. A project is “a temporary endeavor undertaken to accomplish a unique ( non-repetitive) product or service ” Attributes of projects: unique purpose
Process & Plant Design
Statement of Work
Bill of quantities
Project time management involves the processes required to ensure timely completion of a project. Processes include:
Project schedules grow out of the basic document that initiates a project:
Activity definition involves developing a more detailed WBS and supporting explanations to understand all the work to be done so you can develop realistic duration estimates
The term “float” implies that the activities have certain freedoms.
Float time is not free time Responsibility
A finish – to – start relationship
A finish – to – finish relationship
A start – to – start relationship
Waste disposal( gas, liquid, solid )
N.B: Mention Clusters & 14 Factors (not constant)
Favorable economic, political, cultural conditions
Fixed costs relatively low
Minimum efficient scale
Scale of output a plant needs to realize scale-economies
Market demand must be sufficient to reach this scale
Flexible manufacturing-lean production-mass customization
1.1 Maps and surveys
source surveying contractor
The Egyptian Survey Authority
1.2 Topography, Terrain and soil properties
Industry-Environment P-S-R Model
Siting of chemical process plants
1. Two risk domains
2. Three layers of interaction
Industry internal risk
Industry external risk
The field of technological risk assessment
The field of land-use planning
The Seveso II Directive defines “risk” as follows:
Risk: the likelihood of a specific effect occurring within a specified period or in specified circumstances
The definition according to ISO/IEC 51 reads:
Risk: the combination of the frequency or probability of occurrence and the consequence of a specified hazardous event.
Risk Assessment: the overall process comprising a risk analysis (the systematic use of available information to identify hazards and to estimate the risk) and risk evaluation (procedure whether the desirable level of risk has been achieved)
Risk Management: Systematic application of management policies, procedures and practices to the tasks of analyzing, evaluating and controlling risks
“Land Use Planning” can be defined as “a systematic assessment of alternative patterns of land use and other physical, social and economic conditions, for the purpose of selecting a land-use option which is most beneficial to land users without degrading the resources or the environment..”
Land Use Planning has to be understood as an aspect of “spatial planning”
ISO-risk contours represent the geographical variation of the risk for a hypothetical individual who is positioned at a pacticular location for 24 hrs/day, 365 days / year.
LSIR: Location specific individual risk
600 x 500 ft.
300 x 600 ft.
200 x 200 ft.
Total Land Area = 45 acres
Spacing around flare based on radiant heat calculations
200 x 600 ft.
200 x 300 ft.
Spacing based on local building codes
200 x 300 ft.
N.B : Installation and Precautions
Operational Excellence is biggest controllable contributor to sustainable profit.
Operational Excellence needs a reliable foundation:
ABB Confidential and Proprietary Information
External and internal forces that impact an organization’s
market position, competitiveness, or business operations.
The strategic approaches that an organization takes in
response to industry pressures.
The business competencies (organization, process, etc…)
required to execute corporate strategy.
The key technology solutions required to support the
organization’s business practices.Aberdeen’s MethodologyEnd-User Investigation: PACE Framework
Asset reliability and maintenance
New asset procurement
Spare parts management
Asset repair / refurbish / overhaul
Training and certification
Safety - Employee and Asset
Environment and energy management
Survey Question: Please describe which of the following decisions you influence?